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Flashcards in Plato Deck (14):
1

Plato lived from

428 BC - 348 BC

2

Plato's epistemology is

We know things through recollection because our soul pre-existed in the world of Ideas

3

Plato's ontology is

The theory of Ideas

4

Why did Plato come up with a transcendent domain

The eidos is eternal and so it cannot exist within a perishable thing

5

Plato was teacher of

Aristotle

6

Plato was student of

Socrates

7

What two types of eidos does Plato believe in

Ethical and non-ethical

8

non-philosophers are not concerned with the essences of things, they suffer from

Doxa

9

Plato fails to explain

The relation between sensible thing and the Ideas, and the relation of the Ideas to one another

10

The Allegory of the Cave shows

The effect of education and the lack of it in our nature

11

Which 3 classes should be in harmony for state justice

1. Guardians
2. Auxiliaries
3. Artisans

12

Which 3 parts of the soul should be in harmony for individual justice

1. Rational part
2. Spirited part
3. Appetitive part

13

In the Ideal State, which class is excluded from political life

The Artisans

14

Why does Plato propose a philosopher-king

A philosopher-king knows the Ideal Good, and will only do what is Good for the city