ART PRINCIPLES Flashcards Preview

ART: KEY TERMS / DEFINITIONS / SACS > ART PRINCIPLES > Flashcards

Flashcards in ART PRINCIPLES Deck (12):
1

DEFINITION: BALANCE

* SYMMETRICAL
- One side mirrors the other
- Creates a sense of balance and stability

* ASYMMERTICAL
- One side overpowers the other
- Create a sense of unbalance and unstableness

BALANCE
- The distribution of visual weight in a work of art
- The way elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in the artwork
- Can be either SYMMETRICAL or ASYMMETRICAL

2

DEFINITION: CONTRAST

CONTRAST
- Differences in tone, colors, textures, shapes and other art elements used to draw attention to or to male DRAMATIC parts of an artwork
- Creates interest and tension
- EXAMPLE: complementary colors or BLACK and WHITE = High contrast

3

DEFINITION: EMPHASIS / FOCAL POINT

EMPHASIS / FOCAL POINT
- Occurs any time an element of a piece is given DOMINANCE by the artist
- Directs and focuses the viewer's attention on the most important parts of the composition

4

DEFINITION: MOVEMENT

MOVEMENT
- A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement

5

DEFINITION: PROPORTION

PROPORTION
- The comparative amounts or ratios of an elements
- The connection between parts and the whole
- The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree

6

DEFINITION: REPETITION / PATTERN

REPETITION / PATTERN
- A regularly recurring motif / shape / figure creates PATTERN
- An IRREGULARLY recurring motif is REPETITION

7

DEFINITION: RHYTHM

RHYTHM
- Where the use of an art element is repeated
- Either regular or irregular repetition
- Creates a sense of movement (Like musical beats)

8

DEFINITION: SCALE

SCALE
- The comparative size of shapes or forms, etc
- Within an artwork

9

DEFINITION: SPACE

SPACE
- Distances or areas around, between, and within components of a piece of art
- Creates the illusion of space/depth

10

DEFINITION: UNITY

UNITY
- The similar or uniform use of an art element that unifies or ties together a composition
- Creates a sense of balance in an artwork
- When all the elements and principles work together to create a sense of balance

11

DEFINITION: VARIETY

VARIETY
- The diverse use of an art element
- Increases the visual interest of the artwork

12

DEFINITION: ART PRINCIPLES

* COMPOSITION
- The arrangement of art elements within a work of art

ART PRINCIPLES
- The organization of art elements
- How the artist has organized the art elements individually or in combination
- Helps the artist creates a unique composition