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Flashcards in Association areas Deck (34)
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1

What is the function of association areas?

Intergrate or associate information from diverse sources

2

T/F Association areas are a small percentage of the human cortex

False; they are a large percent

3

T/F Association areas have a high level in the heirarchy

True

4

Lesions in the association areas have ____ and ____ qualities

Subtle and unpredictable

5

The limbic association area deals with what?

Behavior
Emotions
Motivation

6

Cells in which cortex are hyperactive in OCD?

Orbital frontal cortex

7

Orbital frontal cortex cells fire strongly when ______

Expectation is not met

8

What area processes emotion?

Ventral medial frontal area

9

What area is responsible for word formation?

Broca's area

10

What functions as an error detector and alerts you when something is amiss?

Orbital frontal cortex

11

Prefrontal association areas function in what?

Prolonged thought processes/elaboration of thought
Behavior
Working memory

12

What is the area for language comprehension (reading)?

Parieto-occipitotemporal association area

13

Auditory, visual, somatic all feed into this area

Wernicke's area

14

Just behind Wernicke's is the ____ gyrus, which is responsible for ____

Angular gyrus; higher order visual signal processing

15

What association area is the area for naming objects?

Parieto-occipitotemporal association area

16

Parieto-occipitotemporal association area is responsible for analysis of what?

Analysis of spatial coordinates of the body

17

Analysis of spatial coordinates is associated with what syndrome?

Neglect syndrome

18

A prefrontal lobotomy is a surgical disconnect between what?

Prefrontal areas from the rest of the brain

19

Prefrontal lobotomies were used relieve what?

Severe psychotic depression

20

T/F Prefrontal lobotomies cause increased levels of aggressiveness

False; decreased aggressiveness

21

T/F Patients with prefrontal lobotomies lost the ability to solve complex problems

True

22

T/F Patients with prefrontal lobotomies are still able to string together sequential tasks and perform several parallel tasks at the same time

False. They cannot string together sequential tasks or perfrom parallel tasks

23

T/F Prefrontal lobotomies have no impact on social responses

False; cause inappropriate social responses

24

T/F A consequence of a prefontal lobotomy is a loss of ambition and morals

True

25

After a prefrontal lobotomy, the patient can still carry through long chains of thought

False

26

Emotional significance is gaged after identification of an object and projections form between what?

Projections from the fusiform gyrus and amygdala

27

If the projections between the fusiform gyrus and amygdala are damaged, what syndrome arises?

Capgras syndrome

28

What is the main characteristic of Capgras syndrome?

The subject thinks close relatives are imposters due to lack of emotion evoked by visually seeing them

29

Capgras syndrome only occurs when the subject _____ relatives

Visualizes

30

What is the best known form of specific language impairment?

Dyslexia