Assumptions of the Cognitive Approach Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology: C1 (Eduqas) > Assumptions of the Cognitive Approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in Assumptions of the Cognitive Approach Deck (15):
1

What are the assumptions?

Computer analogy
Internal mental processes
Schemas

2

What is the computer analogy?

Both humans and computers have the ability to take in information, process it and then recall it. We input information through our senses and output it through our behaviour.
Multistore model of memory shows information is inputted through the senses and passed on to memory

3

What is the multistore model of memory?

Developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin and assumes information is passed through senses into memory

4

Who developed the multistore model of memory?

Atkinson and Shiffrin

5

What is the assumption of internal mental processes?

Internal processes work together to help us understand the world.
Humans are active processors of information
eg: recognising a dog uses attention, perception and memory
Invesitgated by Wudt who got trained assistants to report thoughts and feelings.

6

What are some examples of internal mental processes?

Perception
Memory
Attention

7

Who invesigated internal mental processes?

Wudt

8

How did Wudt invesitgate internal mental processes?

Asked trained assistants to look at a stimuli and report on what it made them think and feel.
Low in validity

9

What are schemas?

Organised packets of information collected by interacting with the environemnt and stored in long term memory
Not always based on reality

10

Where do we gather schemas?

Media
Social exchanges

11

Which assumptions can be applied to relationship formation?

Schemas
Internal mental processes

12

How can schemas be applied to relationship formation?

Dion: Halo effect: Attractive people have better personalities
More likely to date someone we see as equal (self-schema)

13

How can internal mental processes be applied to relationship formation?

First perceptions influance if we want a relationship.
Memories of past relationships
Thibault and Kelley: Social exchange theory: Partners are constantly exchanging resources and attracted to people with more social benifits

14

What is social exchange theory?

The idea that partners are constantly exhanging rescourses and we find people who offer more social benifits more attractive

15

Who developed social exchange theory?

Thibault and Kelley