Systematic Desensitisation Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology: C1 (Eduqas) > Systematic Desensitisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Systematic Desensitisation Deck (25):
1

What are the main componants?

Counter-conditioning
Desensitisation higherarchy
Different forms

2

How is counterconditioning used?

Client is taught relaxation techniques which counteract the phobia so teach a new association

3

What kind of conditioning is used?

Classical conditioning

4

How does the desentitisation higherarchy work?

Steps are constructed with each causing more fear
Move onto next step when relaxed

5

What are the different forms of SD?

In vivo
In vitro
Modelling

6

What is in vivo SD?

The client confronts their phobia directly

7

What is in vitro SD?

The client imagines the presence of their phobia

8

How is modelling used?

The client watches someone else interact with the phobia

9

Are in vivo or in vitro techniques more effective?

In vivo

10

Who found that in vivo techniques were more effective than in vitro?

Menzies and Clark

11

What points can be made about effectiveness?

Supporting research
Not appropriate for all phobias
Biological prepardness
Symptom submission

12

What is supporting research for effectiveness?

Capafons: Clients had less fear in a flight simulator after 12-25 weeks of in vivo and in vitro treatment

13

How long was the treatment period in the Capafons study? (Research supporting effectiveness)

12-25 weeks

14

How is it not appropriate for all phobias?

Not effective with generalised or ancient fears. Seligman says people are programmed to quickly make associations with life-threatening things from our past

15

What is biological prepardness?

People are less likely to get phobias of modern objects as they were not a threat in the EEA. Fear more readily associated with living animals which is supported by Bregman

16

What is the research support biological prepardness

Bregman failed to condition fear of wooden blocks by pairing it with a loud bell

17

Who came up with biological prepardness?

Seligman

18

How can phobias be symptom submission?

Problems in other areas of life manifest as phobias so by treating the phobia you don't treat the realy cause.

19

What is an example of symptom submission?

Freud found a boy who was scared of horses. When the boy accepted the jealousy he had for his dad, the phobia went away.

20

What are the ethical issues?

Anxiety is controlled
Valid consent

21

How is anxiety controlled?

The client doesn't move onto the next stage until they are completely comfortable. They are taught relaxation which counteracts the anxiety.

22

Why is valid consent not an issue?

Most clients are mentally healthy and in touch with reality enough to give valid consent and understnad their right to withdraw. They are normally there of their own free will.

23

What assumptions can be applied?

All behaviour is learnt
Conditioning

24

How can the assumption that all behaviour is learnt be applied to SD?

We gain phobias through faulty learning so we can re-learn healthy ways of responding to the stimulus.

25

How can the assumption of conditioning be applied to SD?

Classical conditioning is used as it is assumed a fear association is learned to a stimulus. The relaxation counteracts the fear response and a new association is learned.