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ATI PHARMACOLOGY > ATI CH 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ATI CH 2 Deck (17)
0

Chemical name

The name of the med.
determined by its chemical composition.

1

Generic name

Official or nonproprietary name that is given by the United States adopted names council.
Each medication has only one generic name.

2

Zestril

Generic name.....lisinopril
Is classified as an angiotensin- converting enzyme inhibitor( pharmacological action)
And a antihypertensive ( therapeutic use)

3

What is the trade name of glypizide & what does it do?

Glucotrol is a Oral hypoglycemic agent that lowers blood glucose levels primarily by stimulating pancreatic islet cells to release insulin.

4

What med can cause hearing impairment?

Gentamicin

5

A client taking digoxin ( lanoxin), should be monitored closely for what?

Dysrhythmias a sign of cardio toxicity .
Hypo kalmia place the client at greater risk for digoxin toxicity.

6

What is the generic name of Tenormin

atenolol
A beta blocker

7

What is the generic name of Procardia

nifedipine
A calcium channel blocker which helps prevent reflex tachycardia.

8

Name 2 meds that work together to produce desired effects

When atenolol is used concurrently with nifedipine
To prevent reflex tachycardia.

9

What is the generic name of Prilosec

Omerprazole

10

What is the generic name for Dilantin

phenytoin

11

Give a example of when 2 meds produce a undesired interaction

When Omerprazole is prescribed concurrently with phenytoin. This may increase the serum level of the anticonvulsant.

12

What med should not be administered to children under 8 yrs old.

Tetracycline can stain developing teeth and should not be administered to children under 8.

13

What drug should be used cautiously in a client who has renal impairment?

Vancomycin ( Vancocin)
Is excreted unchanged in the kidneys and should be used cautiously in a client who has renal impairment.

14

What is true of morphine sulfate?

Morphine sulfate is available in 10 formulations. Oral doses of morphine are generally higher than parenteral doses due to extensive first pass effect. Clients who have chronic severe pain as seen with cancer are generally given oral doses of morphine.

15

What is medication reconciliation?

The nurse should compile a list of current medications ensuring that all medications are included with current dosages and frequency. This list should be compared with new prescriptions and reconciled to resolve any discrepancies
.

16

6 rights of medication distribution

Right client
Right med
Right dose
Right time
Right route
Right documentation