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Flashcards in ATI Overview Deck (16)
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1

Antiinfectives

Penicillins
Cephalosporins
Carbapenems
Sulfonamides and Trimethoprim
Tetracyclines
Bacteriostatic Inhibitors
Aminoglycosides
Monobactams
Urinary Tract Antiseptics
Antimycobacterials
Anti-Hansen's Disease
Antiviral
Fluoroquinolones
Antiprotozoals
Antifungals

2

Medications Affecting the Immune System

Childhood Immunizations
Fluoroquinolones
Adult Immunizations
Antihistamines
Immunosuppressants
Immunostimulants
Chemotherapy Agents

3

Medications for Pain and Inflammation

NSAIDs
Acetaminophen
Migraine Medications
Opioid Antagonists
Opioid Agonist / Antagonists
Adjuvant Pain Medications
Antigout Medications
Opioid Agonists
Rheumatoid Arthritis Medications

4

Medications Affecting the Nervous System

Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Antidepressants- Tricyclic
CNS Stimulants
Antiepileptics
Mood Stabilizers
Antipsychotics- Atypical & Conventional
Sedative Hypnotics- Benzodiazepines and Non-Benzodiazepines
Anxiolytic- Non-Barbiturate
Anesthetics (Local, IV, and Inhalation)
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
Atypical Antidepressants
Muscle Relaxants and Antispasmodics
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Anti-Parkinson's Medications
Drugs of Abuse and Withdrawal Support

5

Medications Affecting the Cardiovascular System

Adrenergic Agonists
ā Adrenergic Blockers
Centrally Acting ā2 Agonists
B Adrenergic Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Medications for Hypertensive Crisis
Organic Nitrates
Cardiac Glycosides
Antidysrhythmic Medications
Antilipemics

6

Medications Affecting the Blood

Anticoagulants
Antiplatelets
Thrombolytics
Iron Preparations
Vitamin B12
Folic Acid
Hematopoietic Growth Factors
Thrombopoietic Growth Factors
Blood and Blood Products
Hypoproteinemia / Hypoalbuminemia

7

Medications Affecting the Respiratory System

B2 Adrenergic Agonists
Methylxanthines
Inhaled Anticholinergics
Glucocorticoids
Mast Cell Stabilizers
Leukotriene Modifiers
Antitussive-Opioids
Mucolytics
Decongestants

8

Medications Affecting Fluid, Electrolytes, Minerals, and/or the Arsenal System

High Ceiling Loop Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretics
Bisphosphonates
Osmotic Diuretics
Phosphate Binders
Kayexalate
Potassium Supplements
Magnesium Sulfate
Sodium Bicarbonate
Calcium Supplements
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Calcitonin-Salmon
Potassium-Sparing Diuretics

9

Medications Affecting the Digestive System and Nutrition

Histamine2 Receptor Agonists
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Sucralfate
Antacids
Prostaglandin E Analog
Antiemetics
Laxatives
Antidiarrheals
Prokinetic Agents

10

Medications Affecting the Endocrine System

Oral Hypoglycemics
Insulin
For Insulin Overdose
Thyroid-Radioactive Iodine
Anti thyroid Medications
Thyroid Hormones
Thyroid-Nonradioactive Iodine
Growth Hormones
Antidiuretic Hormone

11

Medications Affecting Reproduction

Uterine Stimulants
Oral Contraceptives
Androgens
Estrogens
Antineoplastic Agents
Tocolytics
Progesterones
Erectile Dysfunction Treatments

12

Standard Conversion Factors

1 fl. Oz.= 30 mL
1 Tbs= 15 mL
1Tbs= 3 tsp
1 gr= 60 mg

13

Subcutaneous Injections

•Small dose of non-irritating, water-soluble medication
•Use short, fine-gauge needle (3/8-5/8, 25-27 ga.) @ 45-90 degrees
•No more than 1.5 mL of solution

14

Intramuscular Injections

•Used for irritating solutions, solutions in oils, and aqueous suspensions
•Use 18-27 ga needle (usual=22-25 ga), 1-1.5" long @ 90 degrees
•Volume= 1-3 mL

15

Sodium

• WNL= 135-145 mEq/L
• Common food sources:
- Bacon
- Butter
- Processed Foods
- Pickled Foods
- Cheese

16

Drug Categories
(ATI)

Antiinfectives
Immune System
Pain and Inflammation
Nervous System
Cardiovascular System
Hematological System
Respiratory System
Fluids, Electrolytes, or Renal System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Reproductive System