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Flashcards in Attachment Deck (11):
1

secure attachment

in strange situation, baby becomes mildly upset when the mother leaves and actively seeks contact with her when she returns.

mothers of securely attached children are emotionally sensitive and responsive to babies' cues

2

insecure (anxious)/ambivalent attachment

alternates between clinging and resisting his or her mother, becomes very disturbed when left alone with a stranger, and is ambivalent when mother returns. may become angry and resist her attempts at physical contact.

mothers of insecure (anxious)/ambivalent children are often moody and inconsistent

3

insecure (anxious)/avoidant attachment

interacts very little with mother, shows little distress when she leaves the room, and avoids or ignores her when she returns.

mothers of insecure (anxious)/avoidant children are very impatient and unresponsive or provide their children with too much stimulation

4

disorganized/disoriented attachment

exhibit fear of their caregivers, a dazed or confused facial expression and other disorganized behaviors (greeting mother when she returns but then turning away)

many of these children have been mistreated by their caregivers

5

Piaget's premoral development

prior to age 6

little if any concern for rules

6

Piaget's heteronomous moral development

7-10 years old

morality of constraint

rules are set by authority figures and are unalterable

the size of the consequences matter most

7

Piaget's autonomous morality

11+ years

morality of cooperation

rules are arbitrary and alterable when the people in charge agree to change them

intention of the actor matters most

8

Kohlberg's 3 levels of moral development

preconventional
conventional
postconventional

9

Kohlberg's preconventional morality

punishment and obedience orientation - goodness or badness of an act depends on the consequences

instrumental hedonism - consequences guide moral judgments, but becomes more focused on rewards and satisfying needs than avoiding punishment

10

Kohlberg's conventional morality

starts age 10-11

good boy/good girl orientation - the right action is the one that is approved by others

law and order orientation - moral judgments are based on the rules and laws

11

Kohlberg's postconventional morality

starts late adolescence/adulthood

morality of contract, individual rights, and democratically accepted laws

morality of individual principles of conscience