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Intro to Sport Psychology > Attention and Concentration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attention and Concentration Deck (21)
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What are the 3 dimensions of attention?

-Selective Perception
-Mental Time Sharing


Define Concentration

The ability to exert deliberate mental effort on what is most important in a given situation


Define Selective Perception

Ability to zoom in on important stimuli and ignore distracting factors


Define Mental Time Sharing

Ability to perform two or more concurrent activities


What are the principles of concentration according to Moran, 1996?

- Requires Effort
- Can only focus on one thought at a time
- Focused best when concentrating on specific, relevant things under their own control
- Concentration is lost when focusing on irrelevant factors
- Concentration is disrupted by anxiety


What are the 4 parts of concentration?

- Selective Attention (focus on relevant environmental cues)
- Maintained attentional focus over time
- Awareness of situation and performance errors
- Shifting of attentional focus where necessary


What are the two dimensions of attention according to Nideffer?

- Direction of Attention
- Width of Attention


What are the two directions of attention according to Nideffer?

- Internal; attending to ones own thoughts and feelings
- External; attending to environmental stimuli


What are the two main widths of attention according to Nideffer?

- Broad; attending to many cues
- Narrow; attending to one or two cues


What is broad-external attention?

Awareness of everything going on around you


What is broad-internal attention?

Focusing on personal strategy, game plan, analysis


What is narrow-external attention?

Focusing on one or two environmental factors/targets/stimuli


What is narrow-internal attention?

Focus on effort and feeling


What are the two tried methods for assessing concentration?



What is the main form of psychometric assessment of attention?

Test of Attention and Interpersonal Style (TAIS)


What is the TAIS?

Six domains - 3 relating to info overload, 3 relating to Nideffer's attentional styles.
Effective attenders score high on attention and low on overload


What are two forms of psychophysiological measures of attention?

- Electroencephalogram; brain activity measure (EMG)
- Heart Rate measure


What are internal distractors to attention?

-Attending to past events
-Attending to future events
-Emotional factors
-Over-analysis of body mechanics
-Lack of Motivation


What are external distractors to attention?

-Visual distractions
-Auditory distractions


What are some on-site techniques for improving concentration?

-Simulating competitive environment in practice sessions
-Cue words/self-talk
-Use non-judgemental thinking to reduce anxety and arousal
-Establish routines
-Develop competition plans
-Eye control
-Monitoring oneself
-Overlearning skills


What are some general exercises for improving concentration?

-Learning to shift attention
- Compartmentalising intrusive thoughts
- improving ability to maintain focus
- looking for relevant cues
- rehearsing game concentration
- distraction training