Flashcards in Austria Deck (58):
Traisental, Kamptal, Kremstal DAC requirements
Grüner Veltliner or Riesling
Classic = can show *delicate* peppery note (not as pungent as Weinviertal), 12% abv
Reserve = can show wood or botrytis, fuller-bodied/ richer character, 13% abv
What DAC is based on Zweigelt?
Neusiedlersee DAC and the new Rosalia DAC
Schilcherland DAC (no longer)
Rosé of Blauer Wildbacher, ONLY existed in 2017 before change to the 3 new DACs:
Vulkanland Steiermark DAC, Südsteiermark DAC, and Weststeiermark DAC (Westeiermark absorbed the Schilcherland style)
Where are Rotgipfler and Zierfandler found in Austria?
(also found as a blend called Spätrot-Rotgipfler)
What is Zweigelt a crossing of?
Blaufränkisch x St. Laurent.
Fun fact: Named for it's creator, Dr. Zweigelt. Originally dubbed his grape Rotburger, a name not destined for success in English-speaking markets.
What was Austria’s first DAC?
What are the three subzones of Steiermark?
Südsteiermark, Weststeiermark, and and Südoststeiermark (aka Vulkanland Steiermark)
What is the minimum alcohol percentage required for Austrian prädikat wines?
What two Niederösterreich subregions are not located along the Danube River or its tributaries?
Weinviertal and Thermenregion
(If you look at a map, the Danube does not run through Thermenregion at all, and barely passes through a small part of the very large Weinviertal region).
What is the name of the red and white stripe on the capsules of Austrian wines? What does it signify?
Means the wines have been tasted by a panel and qualify as Qualitätswein.
Name five major Wachau producers.
FX Pichler - (Oberloiben)
Rudi Pichler - (Wösendorf)
Prager - (Weißenkirchen)
Emmerich Knoll - (Unterloiben)
Veyder-Malberg - (Spitz)
Nikolaihof - (Mautern)
Alzinger - (Unterloiben)
Franz Hirtzberger - (Spitz)
What are the 3 new DAC zones of Styria?
- Vulkanland Steiermark DAC
- Südsteiermark DAC
- Weststeiermark DAC
What is the Pannonian Plain?
a former seabed of loess soils stretching from eastern Austria through Hungary and many countries of the former eastern bloc.
Weinviertal DAC requirements
Classic = shows obvious peppery note, 12% abv
Reserve = can show wood or botrytis, Fuller-bodied/ richer character, 13% abv
Can Smaragd wines be sweet?
No, must be dry.
What is Roter Veltliner?
A red grape unrelated to GV, produced as a white wine as a speciality in the Wagram
What does Ried indicate on an Austrian wine label?
A top site—many producers will eliminate the village name and replace it with Ried and the single vineyard name.
What is Vinea Wachau?
an organization of estates sworn to uphold the tenets of natural winemaking as spelled out in the Codex Wachau:
- no additives (including chaptalization)
- no aromatization (including new barrels)
- no “fractionation” (techniques such as de-alcoholization, etc)
- minimum 17° KMW
- alcohol range of 11.5%-12.5%
Typical Ausbruch production
Harvested at minimum 30° KMW (~ 156° Öchsle)
richly concentrated botrytis-affected must is added to less concentrated must—from fruit harvested in the same vineyard—and the two are fermented together, then aged in barrel before release
Similar to Tokaji
What is Spätrot-Rotgipfler?
Blend of Rotgipfler and Zierfandler produced in Thermenregion.
Leithaberg DAC requirements
White wines = blends or single varietal wines from Grüner, Chardonnay, Neuburger, or Weissburgunder.
Red wines are 85% minimum Blaufränkisch
What was the first DAC to allow both red and white wines? Where is it?
Leithaberg DAC in Burgenland
White wines may be blends or single varietals produced from Grüner, Chardonnay, Neuburger, or Weissburgunder.
Red wines are 85% minimum Blaufränkisch
What is Blauer Wildbacher?
Ancient grape in Styria, the new Westeiermark DAC produces the rosé style it is known for
Where is the village of Illmitz and why is it significant?
Neusiedlersee, home to Alois Kracher estate. Kracher is known for “legendary” eiswein, BA, and TBA bottlings, particularly Scheurebe.
What are the requirements for Steinfeder?
- minimum 15° KMW
- maximum alcohol 11.5%
What are the requirements for Smaragd?
- minimum 19° KMW (the approximate equivalent of or Spätlese ripeness).
- minimum 12.5% abv
** As these wines must be dry, Smaragd wines can reach high alcohol levels, and show a high degree of extract. Often they display tones of botrytis.
Gemischter Satz DAC requirements
White wines produced from a blend of at least 3 varieties from the same vineyard (no more than 50%, no less than 10%).
What are the 5 DACs of Burgenland?
Where do the Steinfeder, Federspiel, and Smaragd teens come from?
Steinfeder = local grass grown in the vineyards
Federspiel = a falconer’s tool
Smaragd = emerald green lizard
What is the Wagram's specialty?
Roter Veltliner, an unrelated red grape produced as a white wine
Rules for Austrian Sekt with Protected Designation of Origin:
Klassik, Reserve, or Grosse Reserve.
Klassik = must come from one of the Austrian regions, 9 months on lees (any method, dosages, etc).
Reserve = point at which traditional method mandated, 18 months on lees. Brut, Extra Brut, or Brut Nature required.
Grosse Reserve = grapes must come from a single wine village, and hand-harvesting is required. Vineyard names are allowed on labels along with the vintage. 30 months on lees minimum, and may not be released until three years after harvest. Like Reserve, Grosse Reserve may not hold more than 12 grams per liter of residual sugar, meaning the wines must be Brut, Extra Brut, or Brut Nature.
What does Hauersekt means on an Austrian Sekt label?
Can only be used on Grosse Reserve level wines. Means the wine was also made by the grape grower. Hauersekt must also list the village/vineyard, variety, and vintage.
What is important for Styria beginning in 2018?
2018 vintage is the first to promote the 3-tiered "System of Origin Steiermark," set up to promote the region and set quality standards.
Regional Wine > Ortswein (village) > Reidenwein (single vineyard).
Ortswein and Reidenwein require longer aging and a focus on the best grape varieties of the region.
What are the 3 new categories of Styrian wine introduced in 2018?
Regional Wine > Ortswein (village) > Reidenwein (single vineyard) all part of the region's new System of Origin Steiermark.
Typical grape varieties used for Ruster Ausbruch.
Used to be Furmint, but modern Ruster Ausbruch is made from a whole arsenal! including Scheurebe, Welschriesling, Weissburgunder, Zweigelt, Chardonnay, Furmint, Muscat, and Riesling.
What is notable about the Neusiedlersee DAC?
Despite the presence of Austria's best sweet wines, the DAC is only reserved for Blaufränkisch red wines.
Is there a DAC for Austrian sweet wines?
What is Blaufränkisch known as in Germany and Hungary?
Lemberger in Germany, Kekfrankos in Hungary
Name at least 3 Austrian DAC regions for Blaufränkisch.
- Rosalia (can do Blau or Zweigelt)
wines made from Blaufränkisch.
can be Mittelburgenland DAC Reserve (Reserve wines have higher alcohol and additional aging)
What provides the cooling influence in the Burgenland region, which is otherwise a very hot area?
Where is Rust and what is it famous for?
Rust is a town on the western shores of Lake Neusiedlersee, famous for Ausbruch (a traditional sweet wine made from botrytized fruit since the 1600s)
What is Ausbruch?
a traditional sweet wine dating back to the 17th century, made in the area of Rust in Austria. Made similar to Tokaji.
What are Austria's 13 DAC regions?
What are the 2 tiers of quality in the Austrian DAC system, and why are they important?
The two tiers of quality are Klassik and Reserve. They're important because they typically denote a general style for the region.
- The “classic” DAC term typically denotes a medium body, fruit and freshness; most Klassik wines require minimum 12% abv
- "Reserve" DAC term typically indicates a minimum 13% abv and usually signals a richer and more opulent style of wine. White reserve wines may show a little botrytis or oak character; red reserve wines are often aged in some new oak
What region of Austria is known for Sauvignon Blanc?
Styria, particularly Südsteiermark along the Slovenian border. The wines are usually aromatic and round, offering a closer comparison to Friuli than Sancerre.
How would you compare Austrian Riesling to German Riesling?
In general terms, Austrian Riesling can drape itself in more alcohol and weight than German Riesling and is usually dry, balanced by only a few grams of residual sugar. Aromatics tend to be more subdued than in Germany as well.
What is Seewinkel?
informal region east of Lake Neusiedlersee, has achieved international fame for its honeyed sweet wines (Alois Kracher is a Seewinkel producer).
What region of Austria would you most likely find Welschriesling?
Mostly in Steiermark, where it is the most planted grape (can also be used for Ausbruch)
What are the three categories of Austrian Sekt with Protected Designation of Origin?
Klassik, Reserve, Grosse Reserve
What two additional categories of Pradikatswein are included in Austria's hierarchy?
strohwein and Ausbruch
What is süssreserve?
unfermented grape must.
NOTE: "Many students confuse süssreserve with rectified concentrated grape must and chaptalization. But this is wrong: süssreserve (which literally translates to sweet reserve) is the German term used to refer to unfermented grape juice that is used to sweeten a wine AFTER fermentation to soften acidity."
Requirements for Strohwein/Schilfwein Prädikatswein.
The wine is produced from grapes dried for a minimum of 3 months.
What are the styles of wine for the non-DAC styles of "Grande Rosalia," "Rosolo" and "Rosolita"?
Grande Rosalia = wine defined by the Codex Rosalia min. 13.5% abv, and a recognizable flavor of oak aging.
Rosolo + Rosolita = made from hand-harvested and dried grapes. Rosolo is dry, Rosolita is sweet.
Major Kamptal producers
Schloss Gobelsberg, Bründlmayer, Brandl, Hirsch, Hiedler
Major Kremstal producers
Stadt Krems, Nigl, Salomon Undhof