Austria General/History Flashcards Preview

Austria > Austria General/History > Flashcards

Flashcards in Austria General/History Deck (120)
Loading flashcards...
1

Where are vines grown in Austria?

Far east of the country around Vienna

2

When was the first record of Trockenbeerenauslese in Austria?

1526, predating Spätlese in Germany by over 200 years.

3

What happened in the 17th century to Austrian vineyard acreage?

-The 17th century war and taxes conspired to shrink production, and Austria would never again enjoy the breadth of vineyard acreage it amassed in the 1700s.

-Austrian vines, along with the rest of Europe’s vineyards, were challenged by the arrival of American fungal diseases (oidium, peronospera) and the root louse

4

Name two reasons Austria gained commercial success after World War II.

A viticultural research institute at Klosterneuburg, built in 1860, began to focus attention on grape crossings and higher yields, and mechanization of the vineyards followed Dr. Lenz Moser’s development of the wire trellising system in the 1950s—a viticultural breakthrough with worldwide ramifications.

After WWII, Austria was the world’s third largest producer.

5

What geographical feature separates Austria and Germany?

The Alps.

6

What was the "antifreeze" scandal of 1985?

Austrian bottles tested positive for Diethylene glycol—a colorless, odorless, poisonous chemical, which gave a light wine some added texture. The “antifreeze” scandal of 1985 surfaced when one of the guilty parties tried to claim the chemical as a legitimate winery expense on his tax return. The press asserted that Austrians had diluted their wines with antifreeze. The association stuck and damaged the image of Austrian wines for years. Austria responded by drafting some of the strictest wine laws in Europe and quickly refocusing on quality.

7

What is a weinbaugebiete?

What are weinbaugebiete of Austria?

Which two contain 90% of all country's vineyards?

Major winemaking region in Austria. Similar to Anbaugebiete in Germany.

There are 4 major weinbaugebiete in Austria:

Niederösterreich
Wien (Vienna)
Burgenland
Styria (Steiermark)

8

What is the most planted variety in Austria. What percentage of Austria's acreage?

Grüner Veltliner. (also known as "GrüVe") 30% of the total vineyard acreage of Austria.

9

What are two synonyms for Chardonnay in Austria?

Morillon and Feinburgunder

10

What is the most planted red grape in Austria? What is the second, third, and fourth most planted red grapes?

Zweigelt, a Blaufränkisch x St. Laurent crossing developed in Austria in 1922, leads red grapes in plantings, followed by:

Blaufränkisch
Blauer Portugieser(Austria's workhorse red grape)
Blauburger (Blauer Portugieser x Blaufränkisch)

11

What are three requirements for Qualitätswein?

-Sourced from a single Weinbaugebiete
-Must pass a tasting panel and chemical analysis, indicated by a State Control Number (Prüfnummer)
-inclusion of the red and white banderole on the bottle's capsule

12

What is the maximum harvest yield for all Austrian wines with vintage and/or variety on the label

67.5 hl/ha

13

What are the 3 levels of quality in Austria?

Wein

Landwein

Qualitätswein

14

How much of Austria wine is Qualitätswein?

What are the requirements for Qualitätswein?

-accounts for approximately two-thirds of Austria's total production.

-must pass a tasting panel and chemical analysis, indicated by a State Control Number (Prüfnummer) and the inclusion of the red and white banderole on the bottle's capsule.

15

What are the requirements for Wein?

may carry a vintage date and a varietal on the label, but may not exhibit a more exclusive statement of origin than “Österreich”.

-a generic category that replaced Tafelwein in 2009.

16

What are the requirements for Landwein?

What are the three broad geographic areas and what do they cover?

-Restricted to same 35 varietals as Qualitätswein, but are labeled with one of three broad geographic areas (Weinbauregionen):
-Weinland (covers areas of Niederösterreich, Wien and Burgenland)
-Steierland (corresponds to Steiermark)
-Bergland (includes around 500 ha of vineyard land scattered throughout the remainder of Austria’s mountainous countryside.)

17

What are the three Weinbauregionen? What do they cover?

Broad geographic areas for Landwein production

Weinland-Weinland covers the areas defined as Niederösterreich, Wien and Burgenland

Steierland- corresponds to Steiermark,

Bergland- includes around 500 ha of vineyard land scattered throughout the remainder of Austria's mountainous countryside.

-All three levels of quality share a maximum yield of 9,000 kg/ha (67.5 hl/ha) but minimum must weights increase with each level of quality.

18

What is the difference in yield between Wein, Landwein, and Qualitätswein

All three levels of quality share a maximum yield of 9,000 kg/ha (67.5 hl/ha) but minimum must weights increase with each level of quality.

19

How is Austrian Qualitätswein divided?

Subdivided into the categories of Prädikatswein and Districtus Austriae Controllatus (DAC).

20

What is the minimum alcohol for Austrian Prädikatswein? What practices are prohibited for Austrian Prädikatswein?

5% is required for wines labeled by Prädikatswein.

winemakers are prohibited from practicing both chaptalization and the addition of Süssreserve

21

In Austria, is Kabinett considered Qualitätswein or Prädikatswein?

As opposed to Germany, in Austria, Kabinett wines are considered a subset of Qualitätswein rather than a beginning rung on the ladder of Prädikatswein

**however, even at the Kabinett level winemakers are prohibited from practicing both chaptalization and the addition of Süssreserve.

22

What additional categories are added to Austrian Prädikatswein, that are not in their German counterparts?

-Strohwein, a dried grape wine of at least Beerenauslese ripeness,

-Ausbruch, a sweet specialty of Rust in Neusiedlersee-Hügelland.

23

Where is most of Austria's sweet wine produced?

Around the lake of Neusiedlersee "NOISE-see-LER-see" in Burgenland

24

What are the DACs of Austria? When were each established? (9)

—Weinviertel (2002) (Niederösterreich); only Grüner
—Mittelburgenland (2005) (Burgenland); dry red based on Blaufränkisch
—Traisental (2006) (Niederösterreich); Grüner/Riesling
—Kremstal (2007) (Niederösterreich); Gruner/Riesling
—Kamptal (2008) (Niederösterreich); Grüner/Riesling
—Leithaberg (2009) (Burgenland) "lite-HAR-berg"; white (Grüner Veltliner, Neuburger, Chardonnay, Weissburgunder (blends or varietal wines); Red: Blaufränkisch, plus max. 15% combined Pinot Noir, St. Laurent, and Zweigelt
—Eisenberg (2010) (Burgenland); dry red based on Blaufränkisch
—Neusiedlersee (2012) "NOISE-see-LER-see" (Burgenland); dry red based on min 60% Zweigelt
—Schilscherland (2017) (Steiermark); Rose (Schilcher) based on Blauer Wildbacher
—Rosalia (Burgenland) (2017); dry still red/rosé based on Blaufränkisch, Zweigelt

25

What method is most often used for Austrian Sekt?

Traditional method

26

What new legal category was created in 2016 in Austria?

Austrian Sekt with Protected Designation of Origin.

-Austrian Sekt Committee formed to bring international attention to high-quality Sekt in 2013.
-distinct from the “normal” Austrian Sekt)

27

What is the minimum pressure Austrian Sekt may be bottled at?

3.5 bars.

28

What are the three categories of Austrian Sekt Qualitätswein?
When was this established?
What does “Hauersekt” mean?

—Klassik
—Reserve
—Grosse Reserve
*Est. 2016
—Grower wine- Tirage, disgorgement and expedition performed by the grape grower.

29

What are the requirements for Klassik Sekt?

—Grapes harvested in a single Austrian federal state
—Base wine fermentation and secondary fermentation conducted in Austria
—Area of origin on the label may not be more specific than the federal state in which the grapes were grown
—Not sold before October 22 of the year following the harvest
—Production Method: Any (tank, transfer, and traditional methods are allowed)
—Maximum Alcohol: 12.5%
—Lees Aging: Minimum 9 months
—Permitted Sweetness Levels: Any (all dosage levels/styles and colors may be produced)

30

What are the requirements for Reserve Sekt?

—Grapes harvested and whole-cluster pressed in a single Austrian state
—Area of origin may not be more specific than the federal state in which the grapes were grown
—Blending is not permitted for rosé wines
—Not sold before October 22 of the second year following the harvest
—Harvesting Method: Hand harvest only
—Maximum Press Yield: 60%
—Production Method: Traditional method only
—Lees Aging: Minimum 18 months
—Permitted Sweetness Levels: Brut, Extra Brut, Brut Nature