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Flashcards in Autism Deck (12):

ASD social communication criteria

1. Social reciprocity
2. Joint attention
3. Non verbal communication
4. Social relationships


Component of autism: what is social reciprocity

how child responds and reciprocates in social interactions. An impairment might be playing alone and not interacting with another.


Component of autism: what is joint attention

Wanting to share an interest with someone else. Child doesn't share amusement with an object with their parent.


Component of autism: what is non verbal communication

problems using or interpreting nonverbal cues like not being able to tell a parent is upset if they are frowning or crossing their arms


Component of autism: what is Social relationship issues

difficulty developing or maintaining friends.


2 Major components of autism

1. Issues with social communication and interaction
2. Restricted or repetitive behaviors, interests, or activities


What are signs and symptoms of restricted or repetitive behavior, interests, or activities

-lining up toys in a certain way
-flapping hands
-imitating parents
-fixed on certain routines e.g. taking same route to school every day
-restricted thinking e.g having specific knowledge about a certain thing


Making an autism diagnosis

behaviors observation from people like parents or teachers


Level 1 severity of autism

Child needs some support.
Child can speak in full sentences but has trouble having normal back and forth conversation.
Child may have difficulties switching between activities.


Level 3 severity of autism

Child needs very substantial support
Very few words
Rarely initiate or interact with others
Extremely resistant to change
Bx severely interferes with their daily life


Cause of autism

Genetics--affects brain development associated with social and communication
No clear environmental risk factors identified but need to be explored


Autism treatment

Tailored to each child that includes educational programs and behavior therapy to maximize quality of life and independence