Axial and Appendicular Muscles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Axial and Appendicular Muscles Deck (59):
1

raises eyebrows

epicranius

2

elevates/ retracts mandible

temporalis

3

closes eyelid

orbicularis oculi

4

closes lips

orbicularis oris

5

elevates mandible

masseter

6

protrude lower lip (pout)

mentalis (remember the mental foramen?)

7

compress cheek (whistle, suck)

buccinator

8

move corners of lips laterally

risorius

9

tenses skin of neck

platysma

10

flexes/laterally rotates head

sternocleidomastoid

11

extends/hyperextends head, antagonist to sternocleidomastoid

splenius

12

elevates, depresses, rotates, retracts, stabilizes scapula

trapezius

13

What is the one motion the trapezius does not perform for the scapula?

protraction

14

prime mover arm flexion, medially rotates arm, abducts arm

pectoralis major

15

depress, protract scapula

pectoralis minor

16

prime mover protraction of scapula, rotates scapula

serratus

17

depress ribcage (exhalation)

internal intercostals

18

elevates ribcage (inhalation, inspiration)

external intercostals

19

prime mover for inspiration

diaphragm

20

flex, rotate lumbar region

rectus abdominus

21

compresses abdomen

transversus abdominus

22

compress abdomen, lateral flexion of trunk, flexion of vertebral column, rotate trunk

external obliques

23

compress abdomen, lateral flexion of trunk, flexion of vertebral column, rotate trunk

internal obliques

24

prime mover arm extension (opposite of pecs), arm adduction (also opposite of pec abduction), medially rotates arm

latissimus dorsi

25

primer mover back extension

spinalis, longissimus, iliocostalis

26

elevates, adducts scapulae

levator scapulae (like Elevator)

27

initiates abduction of arm

supraspinatus

28

rotates humerus laterally

infraspinatus

29

adducts humerus, medially rotates humerus

teres major

30

stabilizes scapula

rhomboid major

31

elevate scapula

trapezius + levator scapulae

32

depress scapula

trapezius + pectoralis minor

33

retract scapula

rhomboids

34

protract scapula

serratus + pectoralis minor

35

What are the four muscles of the rotator cuff?

supraspinatus (weak abductor)
infraspinatus (laterally rotate arm)
teres minor (laterally rotate arm)
subscapularis (medially rotate arm)

36

extend, adduct, medially rotate humerus

teres major

37

prime mover of arm flexion, medially rotate arm, arm adduction

pectoralis major

38

prime mover of arm extension, arm adduction, medially rotate arm

latissimus dorsi

39

prime mover of arm abduction

deltoid

40

forearm flexion

biceps brachii, brachialis, brachioradialis

41

forearm extension

triceps brachii

42

synergist to triceps in extension

anconeus

43

forearm pronation

pronator teres

44

prime mover forearm pronation

pronator quadratus

45

forearm supination

supinator

46

prime mover of thigh flexion

iliopsoas

47

gluteus maximus

thigh extension

48

gluteus medius

abduct, medially rotate thigh

49

gluteus minimus

abduct, medially rotate thigh

50

What is the nickname for the muscles in the medial compartment of the leg?

the adductors,
magnus, longus, brevis, pectineus, gracilis
adduct (duh), medially rotate, flex thigh

51

What is the nickname for the muscles in the posterior compartment?

The hamstrings, semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris
thigh extension, knee flexion

52

What are the muscles of the anterior compartment?

tensor fascia latae (abducts thigh), quadriceps femoris (four muscles that extend knee) sartorius (flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates thigh)

53

sternocleidomastoid

splenius

54

infraspinatus/teres major

subscapularis

55

biceps brachii/brachialis

triceps brachii

56

tensor fascia latae

adductor longus, adductor magnus, adductor brevis, pectineus

57

hamstrings

quadriceps

58

torticollis - wryneck

chronic rotation/tilting of head to one side, injury of sternocleidomastoid

59

What are the four muscles that make up the quadriceps?

rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus medialis
vastus intermedius