Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Deck (24):
1

Is the pelvic girdle a part of the axial skeleton?

NO

2

What are the divisions of the axial skeleton?

Skull
Hyoid Bone
Ear ossicles
Thoracic cage
Vertebral column

3

What bone feature of the skull articulates with the first cervical vertebrae?

occipital condyles

4

Where does the pituitary gland sit?

stella turcica

5

roof of nasal cavity

cribriform plate

6

site of attachment for dura mater

crista galli

7

forms superior portion of nasal septum

perpendicular plate

8

form part of lateral walls of nasal cavity

superior and middle nasal conchae

9

what forms the hard palate?

palatine bone and maxilla

10

is the inferior nasal conchae a part of the ethmoid bone or a facial bone?

it is a facial bone

11

Attachment for tongue & some neck muscles
doesn't articulate with any other bone

hyoid bone

12

The ear ossicles, which embryonic pharyngeal arches do these form from?

1 and 2

13

superior projection of the axis; allows head to pivot

ondontoid process; the dens

14

convex posteriorly

sacral and thoracic

15

concave posteriorly

lumbar and cervical

16

posteriorly exaggerated curvature (usually thoracic); “humpback”

kyphosis

17

exaggerated lumbar curvature; “swayback”, sometimes associated with pregnancy

Lordosis

18

- abnormal lateral curve of any portion of spine (most often thoracic)

scoliosis

19

What is an example of a sesamoid bone?

patella (bone within a tendon or muscle)

20

Do babies have yellow bone marrow?

nope

21

Where can you find red bone marrow?

Long bones of babies and in all spongy bone
In adults, epiphyses and dipole and some large irregular bones like the coxal bones

22

What do osteoclasts produce to break down the inorganic portion of bone?

hydrochloric acid

23

in adults; deficiency of vitamin D or Ca resulting in bone demineralization
Bones soften and weaken

osteomalacia

24

osteomalacia in children?

rickets