B061- Legal, Social, Ethical and Environmental Issues when using ICT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in B061- Legal, Social, Ethical and Environmental Issues when using ICT Deck (19)
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1

What does CMU stand for?

Computer Misuse Act

2

What does DPA stand for?

Data Protection Act

3

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must be fairly and lawfully processed.'

Personal data must not be collected by misleading a person into providing it and the personal data can only be used within the law.

4

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must be processed for limited purposes.'

Personal data must only be used for the purpose for which it was obtained.

5

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must be adequate, relevant and not excessive.'

Personal data that is stored should be just enough for the task to be carried out, only be relevant to the task and should not include other data.

6

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must be accurate and up to date.'

The person storing the data has a duty to ensure that any data they hold is accurate and free from errors.

7

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must not be kept for longer than necessary.'

Data should be securely discarded when it is no longer needed.

8

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must be processed in line with your rights.'

The person's data is processed so that a person's rights are respected.

9

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Data must be kept secure.'

Any stored data must be kept secure.

10

Explain what this point in the DPA means. 'Personal data must be kept within the EU.'

Personal data must not be sent to countries with levels of data protection lower than those in force in the UK.

11

What does the Health and Safety Act say?

IT says that there is a duty for employers and employees to work and to behave safely.

12

Who does the Health and Safety Act apply to?

It applies to those using computers at work, but not necessarily at home. It may apply to those people who work at home using computers.

13

Explain what this illegal action from the CMU means. 'Unauthorised accessing of materials stored on computers.'

Permission from the owner/supervisor is needed- using another person's ID or password is not allowed.

14

Explain what this illegal action from the CMU means. 'Access to computer material with the intention of using the information to commit further offences.'

Stealing or using another person's details- such as username, ID or password- and using them to gain access to something (e.g. a bank) to commit further crimes (e.g. steal money from their account) is illegal.

15

Explain what this illegal action from the CMU means. 'Unauthorised alterations to computer materials.'

Changing data stored on computers without permission is illegal; deliberately sending a virus is a criminal offence.

16

Why must young people ensure that their personal data is kept safe from others?

In case someone who is pretending to be a friend tries to steal data or incase someone might use the details to track down and harm young people.

17

Give as many health problems as you can think of that can occur as a result of using a computer for a long period of time and state why they occur.

Back and neck problems as a result of a bad sitting position and sitting there for long periods of time. RSI (repetitive strain injury) as a result of repetitive clicking of mouse buttons or typing at a keyboard. Stress as a result of continuous working at a computer. DVT (Deep vein thrombosis) as a result of long periods of time sat still. Eye strain as a result of working for long periods of time, looking at a screen that is the wrong angle or brightness.

18

Give four hardware devices (and how each work) used by disabled people.

Puff suck switch- A switch to control devices by disabled people who have no use of their limbs. Foot mouse- In place of a normal mouse by people who cannot use their arms or hands. Braille keyboard- Instead of an ordinary keyboard for visually impaired people. Head pointer- To tap keys on a keyboard by people who can't use their limbs.

19

Some specialised software helps people with disabilities to use existing computer systems and software. Give examples of this.

Zoom features, Speech-to-text, Text-to-speech.