B1.3.1 - Carbohydrates, Proteins And Lipids Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in B1.3.1 - Carbohydrates, Proteins And Lipids Deck (16):
1

What do foods rich in carbohydrate and fats do?

They provide you with energy and help you stay alive

2

What are protein-rich foods good for?

They are used for the growth and repair of body tissues

3

Where from and where to do chemical reactions in your body transfer the energy

From chemical stores in food

4

What is a metabolic rate?

Your metabolic rate is the rate of how quickly chemical reactions in your body transfer energy from chemical stores in food

5

What do you need to do if your metabolic rate is high?

You need to eat more food

6

What are carbohydrates made of?

Usually, they are made of smaller molecules like sugar

7

What type of enzyme breaks down carbohydrates?

Carbohydrases

8

What particular enzyme breaks down starch?

Amylase

9

What are proteins formed from?

Amino acids (the order decides what type of protein)

10

What is the type of enzyme that breaks down proteins?

Proteases

11

What do protease enzymes break proteins down into again?

Amino acids

12

What are lipids?

The fats and oils that you eat

13

What do some animals use lipids for?

Insulation and buoyancy

14

What are lipids synthesised from?

3 fatty acid molecules and a glycerol molecule

15

What is the type of enzyme that breaks down lipids?

Lipases

16

What happens to food molecules once they are fully digested?

They are absorbed into the bloodstream and taken to where cells need them