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Flashcards in Ballet Deck (27)
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1

What are the visual image characteristics of Ballet (4)

1.Vertical upright alignment and posture
2. Turnout
3. 5 foot positions
4. Circular, curved and symmetrical bodyline

2

What determines rotation of the pelvis

position of the ASIS

3

Describe first position

Toes out and heels together

4

Describe second position

Toes out but heels are hips width apart

5

Describe third position

Left Foot behind right foot, Right heel into middle of left foot making a T shape

6

Describe fourth position

Left foot behind right foot. Left toe is perpendicular and against the right heel making a "L" shape

7

Describe fifth position

Similar to fourth except that the toe of the left foot meets up with the middle of the right foot instead of the heel

8

What was the court dance/ballet linked to

Nobility who wanted to use it as a display of power
Artists who were looking for a showcase to get more support

9

What were the 2 traditional japanese court dances

Bugaku and Kabuki

10

Describe the periods of Ballet

Court
Pre-classic court
Fencing
Establishment of theatres
18th century - paris opera
19th century - Romantic Period
Late 19th century - classical period

11

Who were the two major players of Ballet during the 18th century (paris opera)

Vestris - father son team that brought in lyrical french style
Jean George Noverre - Reformed Ballet with "letters on dancing and ballet"

12

Who were the two major players of Ballet during the 18th century (paris opera)

Vestris - father son team that brought in lyrical french style
Jean George Noverre - Reformed Ballet with "letters on dancing and ballet"

13

What were the ideas, or precepts, that Noverre listed in his Letters

1. Ballet should be not only technically brilliant but move the crowd emotionally with dramatic expressiveness
2. The plots should be unified in design, logical and understandable stories with no related sequences eliminated
3. Scenery, plot and music should be unified
4. Pantomime should be made simpler and more understandable

14

Who are 3 famous ballerinas of the romantic period?

Marie Tagliono - shy, known for delicacy and lightness
Fanny Elssler - beautiful, elevated and passionate dancing. Excelled in Folk.
Carlotta Grisi - Known for "Giselle", actor and ballerina

15

What shifted about Ballet in the romantic period?

The french revolution saw the ballet become focused on glorifying the citizen

16

Where did ballet shift during the classical period?

From France to Russia

17

A french man that became chief ballet master of Russia. Introduced the Tutu and Batterie, known for Don Quixote and Sleeping Beauty

Marius Petipa

18

Who was Diaghilev?

An entrepreneur for created Russes with choreographer Mikhail Fokine

19

Who was Diaghilev?

An entrepreneur for created Russes with choreographer Mikhail Fokine

20

What was Mikhail Fokine Known for?

Choreographing for Russes but also being a reformer, he eliminated miming from ballet

21

Who was Nijinsky?

Classical dancer and percursor to modern dance who replaced Fokine in Russes

22

Who was Balanchine?

From Russes who moved to North America to start the New York City Ballet

23

Russian Dancer known for solo in The Dying Swan

Anna Pavlova

24

Where was the first american (contemporary) ballet company?

San Francisco

25

How was modern influenced by contemporary ballet?

1.Expanded movement while maintaining turnout, pointe shoes and posture
2. Wider ranges of themes
3. Wider ranges of music
4. Less heavy costumes/sets
5. More utilization of male dancers

26

In what period did women become the focal point of ballet over men?

Romantic

27

Define Turnout

Outward rotation of the legs from the hips