Lectures 3, 4, 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lectures 3, 4, 5 Deck (24)
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1

Courtship Dances:
How do they appear?
Where do they come from?
What might be involved?
Examples

1. In many forms with reels, double circle and couples dances being popular
2. Europe
3. Flirtation
4. Hungary- Maidens Round/Latin countries - Tango or Cha Cha

2

How have Work dances evolved and what are examples

From people who imitate the movements of man and women in their daily work which bonds a group of people based on occupation
Examples: Deer Dance - Mexico's Yaqui Indians, Fisherman's Dances

3

What are War Dances and what are their purposes?

Weapons dances are characterized by group/individual strength or agility
Used to keep soldiers prepared, display ability

4

Examples of War dances?

Morris Dance, Scottish Sword Dance, Capoeira

5

What are communal Dances? Examples

Dances that exhibit cooperation, found in societies that value cooperation above competitiveness
Examples: English and Irish country dances, Isreali Hora, Village dances

6

How does one analyze ethnic/folk dance?

Background info, Area or Country, Name, Formation, Floor plan, Style, Basic Steps, Music, Costume, Unique features

7

What is the controversy around arrangement of folk dances?

How much do you change? Some believe nothing should be changed, others believe all is fair game to change and another group believes formation and variety can be changed but keep to original ideas.

8

Roots of Jazz?

African and European

9

What are the 2 Jazz strains?

Social: Recreation, Flirtation, and Competition
Theatrical/Performance: "Sell it", theatrics, high-energy

10

What are the 7 characteristics of Jazz?

Body Position: Bent knees
Weight: shift immediatly from foot to foot
Isolations
Syncopation: complex movements
Polyrhythm: multiple rhythms in the body
Music/dance style
Individualism

11

What Jazz root came from Vaudeville/Minstrel?

Precise sounds and Tap

12

What are the MUSICAL roots of Jazz?

Ragtime (syncopation), African Drumming, Dixeland Jazz

13

What established the precedence for Jazz?

Balanchine's Slaughter on Tenth Avenue (First modern Jazz style)

14

Who is the Father of Jazz Dance?

Jack Cole

15

Who was the choreographer who influenced Michael Jackson's Thriller? Describe the style

Bob Fosse - crouched style, turned in legs, energetic.
Choreography for Chorus Line

16

In Jazz the emphasis is placed on what?

Rhythm/Speed
Precision
Individual Expression
Showing off
Explosive movements

17

What are the 6 styles of Jazz?

Lyrical
Musical Comedy/Theater
West Coast
Contemporary/Modern
Street/Dance/Hip Hop
Latin

18

Lyrical Jazz

Influence: Ballet
Qualities: Entire body movements, Flowing quality
Avoid: Sharp, Angular movements

19

Theater/Comedy Jazz

Influence: Broadway and early musicals
Qualities: Movements that assist the score line using props, hats, canes
Found in New York and London mostly

20

West Coast Jazz:

Influence/Known as: LA Jazz Style
Qualities: Angular and disjointed, various isolations, takes from social dance
Example: Jitter Bug

21

Contemporary Modern Jazz:

Influence: Modern Dance
Qualities: Body contractions, flexed feet, and off center body shapes
Seen in concert performances and studio styles
more expressive

22

Street Dance:

Influence: Hip Hop and B-Boying
Qualities: Bouncy, Fast and Funky
Foot oriented, many isolations, syncopated beat and highly energetic/improv

23

Latin Jazz

Influence: Latin music, social dance, Salsa music
Qualities: Fast syncopated footwork
Dane steps such as mambo, conga, tango, samba
very sensuous

24

Notable Jazz Artists

Bo Jangles Robinson, Fred Astaire