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Flashcards in Baroque Deck (35)
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1

What country did opera originate

Florence, Italy

2

First opera we have record of

Eurydice

3

First major opera

Orfeo

4

How many movements are in a concerto grosso

3

5

Sonata means

Sound

6

Cantata means

Sing

7

How many people are involved in a trio sonata

4

8

Sonata da camera

Chamber sonata

9

Sonata de chiesa

Church sonata

10

Handel

Wrote messiah
Button saved his life in a duel
Was born in Germany and moved to England

11

Monteverdi

Wrote orfeo
Worked for the court of mantua

12

Bach

Lutheran
Married his cousin Barbara
Four sons to become composers

13

Purcell

Wrote dido and Aeneas
Born in England

14

Vivaldi

Wrote four seasons
Known as the red priest

15

Four instruments that could be used to fill a continuo part

Cello
Bass
Organ
Harpsichord

16

Terraced dynamics

Only loud and soft
No in between
Sound changes suddenly
do not exist

17

Means little book and is where the story of the opera is derived

Libretto

18

Part of opera that is a spoken style of singing that acts like dialogue and is used to move the action along

Recitative

19

What year was the messiah written

1741

20

What are you supposed to do when the hallelujah chorus is played/sung

Stand up

21

Part of opera is which a singer is able to express the emotions of his/her character

Aria

22

Who writes the libretto

Librettist

23

What culture did the camerata look to model opera after

Greek

24

Describe the florentine cameratas role in the creation on opera

In 1575, a group of people got together to create a new style of music that combines singing and drama

25

Difference between opera and oratorio

Opera- like a play
Oratorio- like a concert

26

Polyphonic composition based a theme

Fugue

27

4 ways that the subject of a fugue can be varied?

Retrograde- backwards
Version- upside down
Augmentation- make bigger(extend notes)
Diminution- make smaller(shorten notes)

28

Small group of soloists in a concerto grosso

Concertino

29

Large group that accompanies the soloists in a concerto grosso

Tutti

30

Theme of a concerto grosso that is repeated many times through a movement

Ritornello

31

Multi Movement work soloists, chorus, and orchestra that has a narrative text and is often times based on biblical themes

Oratorio

32

What year was orfeo written

1607

33

2 large sections of a French overture

1- pampas, French, dotted rhythms, broad, and slow
2- light, quick, opens fugue like

34

Describe the circumstances concerning the premiere of the messiah

Premiered in 1742 in Dublin to raise money for a debters prison. The kind stood during the hallelujah chorus

35

Dates of baroque period

1600-1750