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Flashcards in Romantic Deck (30)
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1

Program music

Piece of music with idea attached
Ex. Program symphony, concert overture, tone poem

2

Art song

German
Singer and piano
Piano helps tell the story

3

Lied
Plural form-lieder

Art song in German

4

Song cycle

Collection of lieder often about one thing

5

2 types of art song

Strophic
Through composed

6

Strophic

Same music for every verse

7

Through composed

Music changes as piece progresses

8

Tone poem

Symphonic music
Poem is written first
Music is written second
Program music

9

Program symphony

Symphony where each movement or symphony has an idea attached to it

10

Concert overtures

Program music
Can stand by itself

11

Incidental music

Program music
Background music
Usually occurs with something

12

Nationalism

Idea of writing music native to ones homeland

13

Exoticism

Music about a far away land

14

Russian nationalist

Russian 5
Tchaikovsky

15

Czech nationalists

Dvorak
Smetana

16

Italian nationalist

Verdi

17

The Russian 5

Cui
Balykiev
Rimsy- korsakov
Borodin
Mussorgsky

18

Romantic opera

Verisimo- realism( things that can happen to everyday people)
Became an art form where singing never stops

19

Absolute music

Music for music's sake

20

Liszt

Hungarian
Father worked for Esterhazy
Gave up music career to be a priest
Piano works, tone poems, orchestral pieces
"Inventor of tone poems"

21

Schubert

9 symphonies (died of syphilis)
600+ art songs
Dad- school teacher
Made art song famous
8th symphony- unfinished
9th symphony "the great"

22

Chopin

Polish
Wrote for the piano
Went to France and stayed there

23

Naturne

Night song

24

Schumann

German
Major piano figure
Marries Clara wieck
Invents a device to strengthen pinky& destroys it
4 symphonies & ton of art songs

25

Brahms

German
"German requiem"
20 years to write 1st symphony
Neoclassic
Lived with shumann

26

Tchaikovsky

German, gay, tried to kill himself
"The nutcracker"
"Swan lake" "1812"
Ballet for sleeping beauty
Concert overture- Romeo and Juliet
6th symphony "pathetic symphony"

27

Smetana

Bohemian
Nationalist
Went deaf
Opera- the battered bride

28

Dvorak

Opera- rusaika
9 symphonies
Employed under smetana
Bohemian
Nationalist
1st major composer to come to USA

29

Verdi

Italian
King of opera
Pianist
Writes verismo operas
2 comical operas
Verdi requiem

30

Dates of romantic period

1800-1900