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Flashcards in Barron's 175 Words (Cram) Deck (175)
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1

bring about

phr. v.

to cause to happen; produce an effect

cause, lead to, result in

  • The creation of a national railroad system brought about big changes in the economy of the Midwest and west.

2

acute

adj.

adj. having the characteristics of being very serious or intense; reaching the point of crisis

critical, crucial, desperate

  • Natural disasters often produce acute needs for medicine, food and water.

3

apparent

adj.

easily seen or perceived; easily understood

clear–cut, evident, obvious

  • The apparent failure of dinosaurs to adjust to changes in the weather caused their extinction.

4

attribute

(noun)

an identifying characteristic or feature of something

aspect, trait, quality

One of Thomas Edison's most famous attributes was his persistence.

5

dwelling

n.

a building where one resides

abode, home, lodging

  • The Hopi Indians carved their dwellings into large stone cliffs.

6

to encompass

to contain or include certain parts

consist of, contain, embody

  • The field of linguistics encompasses the areas of social, applied and theoretical language study.

7

every so often

adv. exp

referring to events that occur occasionally or at no specific time

every now and then, once in a while, now and again

sık sık

  • Every so often the Colima volcano in Mexico sends huge clouds of smoke into the air.

8

to contrast

to point out differences between two or more things or people by comparing the characteristics of each

balanced against, compared to, distinguished from

  •  In the 1960s, suburban growth, contrasted with that of urban areas, showed a movement away from cities.

9

to get rid of

to discard, to cast aside, to reject

dispose of, throw away, discard

  • Medieval authorities generally got rid of the belief that the world was round.

10

indicative of

adj.

serving as proof or a symbol of something

evidence of, representative of, verification of

  • The students's lab results were indicative of the high quality of their research methods and their creative problem–solving strategies.

11

to melt

to change from a solid state to a liquid state

liquefy,thaw

  • Water melts at temperatures above 32 degrees Fahrenheit.

12

heyday

n.

the high point of power, success or popularity

apex, pinnacle, zenith

The West experienced its nineteenth century economic heyday during the famous California gold rush of the 1840s.

13

to portray

to describe someone or something in a specific way

depict, render, represent

  • Some historians portray the development of the Internet as one of the most important scientific advancements of the twentieth century.

14

to put on the back burner

exp.

to postpone to a future time

defer, delay, suspend

  • Due to lack of funding, the transportation project was put on the back burner.

15

recover

v.

to rebuild or return to a previous condition or state

recoup, recuperate, regain

  • The economy recovered its strength after a long period of poor economic growth.

16

slender

adj.

the quality of being thin

slim, skinny

  • Snakes have long, slender bodies

17

staple

adj.

a principal ingredient or major element of something

chief, essential, prime

  • Corn, beans and squash were staple foods of the Hopi Indian diet.

18

to take on

to take the first steps in doing something

initiate, commence, undertake

  • Because of the doctor's busy schedule, she is not sure if she should take on another research project.

19

user–friendly

adj.

referring to something that is easy to use, learn or operate

simple, uncomplicated

  • User–friendly computer programs are the most popular in today's software marketplace.

20

to broaden

to increase a person's knowledge, experience or interests

enlarge, expand, widen

  • The transcontinental railway system, completed in 1869, broadened the possibility for economic growth in all parts of the country.

21

to check out

to determine if something is correct or true; to examine carefully

examine, investigage, research

  • During a trip to Pery, archaeologist Johan Reinhard discovered a frozen female mummy while checking out what he thought was a mountain climber's backpack.

22

adjacent to

prep.

very close to something; near or next to

adjoining, nearby, neighboring

  • Many home buyers prefer houses that are adjacent to park lands

23

to deny

to insist that something is not true; to not allow something to happen

rebuff, refute, reject

  1. Opponents of the "greenhouse effect" theory deny that human activity could cause a major change in the Earth's climate.

24

dim

adj

not bright; lacking light; being weak

faint, soft, weak

  • The dim light of the setting sun gave a peaceful feeling to the evening.

25

easygoing

adj

not easily bothered; peaceful

carefree, relaxed, laid–back, tasasız

  • The engineer's easygoing personality makes him an ideal team leader.

26

to factor in

to consider or include information used to make conclusions

add in, include, incorporate

  • The price of raw material and the costs of production and transportation are factored in to the store price of an item.

27

to gather

to collect or come together

assemble, congregate, meet

  • On August 28, 1963, more than 100,000 citizens gathered in Washington to demonstrate their support for civil rights.

28

life span

n.

the amount of time that a living thing is expected to live

lifetime, natural life

  • The average life span of people born in the twenty–first century is more than double that of people who were born in the nineteenth century.

29

minuscule

adj.

being of very small size

diminutive, minute, tiny

  • Camels require only minuscule amounts of water, with many living up to six months in cooler seasons without taking a drink.

30

radical

adj.

causing fundamental, basic change that results in something very different from the original thing or idea

complete, thorough, total

  • In general, human beings dislike radical changes.