to cause to happen; produce an effect
cause, lead to, result in
- The creation of a national railroad system brought about big changes in the economy of the Midwest and west.
adj. having the characteristics of being very serious or intense; reaching the point of crisis
critical, crucial, desperate
- Natural disasters often produce acute needs for medicine, food and water.
easily seen or perceived; easily understood
clear–cut, evident, obvious
- The apparent failure of dinosaurs to adjust to changes in the weather caused their extinction.
an identifying characteristic or feature of something
aspect, trait, quality
One of Thomas Edison's most famous attributes was his persistence.
a building where one resides
abode, home, lodging
- The Hopi Indians carved their dwellings into large stone cliffs.
to contain or include certain parts
consist of, contain, embody
- The field of linguistics encompasses the areas of social, applied and theoretical language study.
every so often
referring to events that occur occasionally or at no specific time
every now and then, once in a while, now and again
- Every so often the Colima volcano in Mexico sends huge clouds of smoke into the air.
to point out differences between two or more things or people by comparing the characteristics of each
balanced against, compared to, distinguished from
- In the 1960s, suburban growth, contrasted with that of urban areas, showed a movement away from cities.
to get rid of
to discard, to cast aside, to reject
dispose of, throw away, discard
- Medieval authorities generally got rid of the belief that the world was round.
serving as proof or a symbol of something
evidence of, representative of, verification of
- The students's lab results were indicative of the high quality of their research methods and their creative problem–solving strategies.
to change from a solid state to a liquid state
- Water melts at temperatures above 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
the high point of power, success or popularity
apex, pinnacle, zenith
The West experienced its nineteenth century economic heyday during the famous California gold rush of the 1840s.
to describe someone or something in a specific way
depict, render, represent
- Some historians portray the development of the Internet as one of the most important scientific advancements of the twentieth century.
to put on the back burner
to postpone to a future time
defer, delay, suspend
- Due to lack of funding, the transportation project was put on the back burner.
to rebuild or return to a previous condition or state
recoup, recuperate, regain
- The economy recovered its strength after a long period of poor economic growth.
the quality of being thin
- Snakes have long, slender bodies
a principal ingredient or major element of something
chief, essential, prime
- Corn, beans and squash were staple foods of the Hopi Indian diet.
to take on
to take the first steps in doing something
initiate, commence, undertake
- Because of the doctor's busy schedule, she is not sure if she should take on another research project.
referring to something that is easy to use, learn or operate
- User–friendly computer programs are the most popular in today's software marketplace.
to increase a person's knowledge, experience or interests
enlarge, expand, widen
- The transcontinental railway system, completed in 1869, broadened the possibility for economic growth in all parts of the country.
to check out
to determine if something is correct or true; to examine carefully
examine, investigage, research
- During a trip to Pery, archaeologist Johan Reinhard discovered a frozen female mummy while checking out what he thought was a mountain climber's backpack.
very close to something; near or next to
adjoining, nearby, neighboring
- Many home buyers prefer houses that are adjacent to park lands
to insist that something is not true; to not allow something to happen
rebuff, refute, reject
- Opponents of the "greenhouse effect" theory deny that human activity could cause a major change in the Earth's climate.
not bright; lacking light; being weak
faint, soft, weak
- The dim light of the setting sun gave a peaceful feeling to the evening.
not easily bothered; peaceful
carefree, relaxed, laid–back, tasasız
- The engineer's easygoing personality makes him an ideal team leader.
to factor in
to consider or include information used to make conclusions
add in, include, incorporate
- The price of raw material and the costs of production and transportation are factored in to the store price of an item.
to collect or come together
assemble, congregate, meet
- On August 28, 1963, more than 100,000 citizens gathered in Washington to demonstrate their support for civil rights.
the amount of time that a living thing is expected to live
lifetime, natural life
- The average life span of people born in the twenty–first century is more than double that of people who were born in the nineteenth century.
being of very small size
diminutive, minute, tiny
- Camels require only minuscule amounts of water, with many living up to six months in cooler seasons without taking a drink.
causing fundamental, basic change that results in something very different from the original thing or idea
complete, thorough, total
- In general, human beings dislike radical changes.