Barron's Essential Words New Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Barron's Essential Words New Deck (150):
1

abroad

adv. to or in another country Syn. overseas, internationally Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad. Living abroad can be an educational experience.

2

abrupt

adj. quick, without warning adv. abruptly Syn. sudden
n. abruptness
There was an abrupt change in the weather. After the incident everyone left abruptly.

3

acceptable

adj. allowable or satisfactory
v. accept Syn. permissible adv. acceptably
n. acceptability
adj. accepting
The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.

4

acclaim

n. enthusiastic approval, applause adj. acclaimed Syn. praise
n. acclamation
Isaac Stem has won acclaim abroad. Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.

5

actually

adv. being in existence, real or factual adj. actual Syn. truly
They were actually very good soccer players.
The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.

6

adverse

adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad
adv. adversely Syn. unfavorable n. adversity
n. adversary
Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game. His indecision adversely affected his job performance.

7

advice

n. a recommendation given by someone not

v. advise associated with the problem or situation adj. advisable Syn. suggestion
n. advisability
Good advice is hard to find.
It is not advisable to stay up late the night before a test.

8

attractive

adj. calling attention to, pleasing, creating interest, pretty v. attract
n. attraction
n. attractiveness
adv. attractively

Syn. appealing
The idea of working four, 10-hour work days was attractive to the employees. The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.

9

ideal

adj. having no flaw or mistake, excellent adv. ideally Syn. perfect
n. ideal
The beach is an ideal place to relax.
Candidates for the job should ideally have five years experience in similar positions.

10

persistent

v. persist
adv. persistently
adj. continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or decision
n. persistence
Syn. constant
The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness. Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.

11

wide

adj. extending over a large area adv. widely Syn. broad
n. wideness
Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest. The senator has traveled wide1y.

12

autonomous

adj. by itself, with no association adv. autonomously Syn. independent
Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.

13

disapproval

n. the act of disagreeing, not giving approval v. disapprove
adv. disapprovingly Syn. objection
Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned. The students disapproved of the plan of study.

14

disruptive

adj. causing confusion and interruption
v. disrupt Syn. disturbing n. disruption
adv. disruptively
Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive. The storm caused a disruption in bus service.

15

haphazardly

adv. having no order or pattern, by chance adj. haphazard Syn. arbitrarily, carelessly
n. haphazardness
It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly. Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.

16

advanced

adj.ahead of current thought or practice forward thinking, new
v. advance
n. advancement Syn. progressive Advanced technology is changing the world.
His advancement to captain came unexpectedly.

17

advantage

n. something that may help one to be successful or to gain something
adv. advantageously Syn. benefit adj. advantageous
Is there any advantage in arriving early?
He was advantageously born into a rich family.

18

advent

n. the coming or appearance of something Syn. arrival
With the advent of computers, many tasks have been made easier. The newspapers announced the advent of the concert season.

19

agile

adj. able to move in a quick and easy way
adv. agilely Syn. nimble n. agileness
n. agility
Deer are very agile animals.
She moved agilely across the stage.

20

albeit

conj. in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact Syn. although
His trip was successful, albeit tiring.
Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.

21

allow

v. to agree to let something happen, not to interfere with an action
n. allowance Syn. permit adj. allowable
adv. allowable
Arthur's natural agility will allow him to excel in sports. The extra money allowed us to stay abroad another day.

22

appealing

v. appeal
adj. attractive or interesting, able to move feelings
Syn. alluring Working abroad is appealing to many people.
n. appeal
adv. appealingly

Through his speeches, the candidate appealed to the voters.

23

celebrated

adj. acclaimed, well-known, and popular Syn. renown
The celebrated pianist will give a concert this weekend. San Francisco is celebrated for its multicultural makeup.

24

contemporary

adj. modern, up-to-date; also a person living at the same time as another person
n.contemporary Syn. current Contemporary architecture makes very good use of space. Cervantes was a contemporary of Shakespeare.

25

distribute

v. to divide among people or to give out n. distribution Syn. dispense
Many publishers distribute their newspapers directly to homes in their area. The distribution of seeds is very quick with this new machine.

26

encourage

v. to give courage or hope to someone
n. encouragement Syn. inspire adj. encouraging
adv. encouragingly
Even though the runner finished second, he was encouraged by his performance. His teacher gave him the encouragement that he needed to learn the material.

27

energetic

adj. full of life, action, or power n. energy Syn. vigorous
adv. energetically
Sam hasn't been as energetic as he usually is. There's a lot of energy in these batteries.

28

frail

adj. weak in health or in body n. trade Syn. fragile
The frail wings of the newborn bird could not lift it off the ground. One of the frailties of human beings is laziness.

29

refine

v. to make pure, to improve n. refinement Syn. perfect (v.)
adj. refined
Factories must to refine oil before it can be used as fuel.

A squirt of lime juice is the perfect refinement to cola.

30

worthwhile

adj. value in doing something Syn. rewarding
It was worthwhile waiting 10 hours in line for the tickets. It's worthwhile to prepare for the TOEFL.

31

alter

v. to change or make different
v. altered Syn. modify
n. alteration
adj. alterable
adv. alterably
I Will the starlit alter its course and miss the coast? Gloria hasn't altered her plans to return to school.

32

analyze

n. analyzed
n. analysis
v. to study something carefully, to separate into parts for study
Syn. examine
Scientists must analyze problems thoroughly.
Analysis of the substance confirms the presence of nitrogen.

33

ancient

adj.something from a long time ago, very old. Syn. old
Archaeologists analyze ancient civilizations. Dave found an ancient Roman coin.

34

annoying

adj. a slight bother, disturbing to a person
n. annoyance Syn. bothersome
v. annoy
adv. annoyingly
Mosquitoes can be an annoying part of a vacation at the beach. She annoyed her parents by coming home late.

35

anticipate

adj. anticipatory
n. anticipation
v. to think about or prepare for something ahead of time
Syn. predict
No one can anticipate the results of the games. They planned their vacation with anticipation.

36

conform

n. conformity
n. conformist
v. to follow established rules or patterns of behavior
Syn. adapt
Yon must conform to the rules or leave the club. She has always been a conformist.

37

defect

v. to find out, to observe something n. detection Syn. notice
n. detective
He detected a smile on his girlfriend's face. They are the best detectives on the police force.

38

enrich

n. enrichment
adj. enriching
v. to make rich, to make something of greater value
Syn. enhance
The fine arts enrich our lives.
The discovery of oil was an enrichment for the country.

39

intensify

n. intensity
adj. intense
adj. intensive
adv. intensely
adv. intensively
v. to make stronger in feeling or quality Syn. heighten
The importance of the test will sometimes intensify the nervousness of the students. The chess match was played with great intensity.

40

intolerable

adj.difficult or painful to experience, not able to accept different ways of thought or behavior n. intolerance
adv. intolerably
adv. intolerantly
adj. intolerant
Syn. unbearable Any opposition to the rules is intolerable.
His boss was intolerant of his tardiness.

41

observe

v. to see and watch carefully, to examine
n. observation Syn. notice
n. observer
adj. observant
adj. observable
Human beings like to observe the behavior of monkeys. I made the observation that you are not happy.

42

ongoing

adj. continuing Syn. current
The tutoring project is an ongoing program of the school. Maintaining roads is an ongoing job.

43

propose

v. to suggest or plan to do something
n. proposal Syn. suggest
n. proposition
adj. proposed
intolerable
n. intolerance
adv. intolerably
adv. intolerantly
adj. intolerant

The governor is going to propose new taxes. Her proposal was well accepted.

44

restore

n. restoration
adj. restored
v. to give back or bring back something; to return to the original condition
Syn. revitalize
He restored my confidence in hint.
It is a beautiful restoration of the old table.

45

vital

adj. of great importance, full of life n. vitality Syn. indispensable
adv. vitally
Money is vital to the success of the program. His intense vitality was easily observable.

46

ambiguous

adj.of unclear meaning, something that can be understood in more than one way
adv. ambiguously Syn. vague n. ambiguity
The men received an ambiguous message from their boss. His letter was full of ambiguities.

47

apparent

adj.to be clear in meaning or open to view, easily understood
adv.apparently Syn. visible It was apparent that he needed to rest.
No one apparently knew to solve the problem.

48

arbitrary

adv. arbitrarily n.arbitrariness
adj.an action or decision made with little thought, order, or reason
Syn. haphazard Her choice of clothing seemed arbitrary.

The teacher arbitrarily decided to give the class a test.

49

assert

adv. assertively
n. assertiveness
n. assertion
adj. assertive
n. to express or defend oneself strongly, to state positively
Syn. declare
The government asserted its control over the banking system. The company president is an assertive individual.

50

astounding

adj. very surprising v. astound Syn. astonishing
adv. astoundingly
The scientists made an astounding discovery. The fans were astounded by their team's success.

51

astute

adj. very intelligent, smart, clever adj. astutely Syn. perceptive
n. astuteness
He was an astute worker, finishing in half the time it took the others to finish. They astutely determined that there would be no chance to finish on time.

52

authorize

v. to give permission or power to do adj. authorized something
n. authority
Syn. empower
Only authorized employees are allowed in the laboratory.
The dean has the authority to resolve academic problem of students.

53

deceptively

adj. deceptive
v. deceive
n. deception
adv. to make someone think that something is true or good when it is false or bad
Syn. misleadingly
The magician deceptively made the rabbit disappear. Richard deceived Joe about the cost of the coat.

54

determined

n. determination
v. determine
adj.to be strong in one's opinion, to be firm in conviction
Syn. resolute
They were determined to go to graduate school. The judge determined that the man was lying.

55

elicit

v. to get the facts, to draw out, to evoke n. elicitation Syn. extract
A lawyer will elicit all the facts necessary to prove her case. Elicitation of the truth can be difficult at times.

56

forbid

v. to command not to do something to have a dangerous look, bad feeling adj. forbidden
adj. forbidding
adv. forbiddingly
Syn. ban His father will forbid him to use the car.
The cave looks forbidding let's not go in.

57

petition

v. to make a request n. petition Syn. appeal
Canada petitioned the United Nations to consider its case. The student's petition was denied.

58

relinquish

v. to give up control n. relinquishment Syn. abdicate
The troubled executive relinquished his control of the company.
The relinquishment of his claim to the building will allow the building to be sold.

59

resilient

adj.strong enough to recover from difficulty or
forbid
adj. forbidden
adj. forbidding
adv. forbiddingly

adv. resiliently disease
n. resilience Syn. tenacious
She has a resilient personality and will soon feel better. The doctor was surprised by his patient's resilience.

60

tempt

v. to make it attractive to do something wrong adv. temptingly
n. temptation
adj. temting
Syn. entice
The idea of getting rich quickly tempted him to invest his life savings.
Desserts are more tempting when one is on a diet.

61

amaze

v. to fill with great surprise
adv. amazingly Syn. astonish n. amazement
adj. amazing
I was amazed that I received an A on the calculus test. The actor gave an amazing performance.

62

baffle

adj. baffling
n. bafflement
v. to confuse to a point at which no progress can be made
Syn. puzzle
The causes of many harmful diseases have baffled doctors for centuries. That was a baffling question.

63

bear

v. to produce, to carry; to show; to endure adj. bearably
adj. bearable Syn. yield
This orchard bears many fine harvests of apples.
Although stock prices declined, losses have been bearable for most investors.

64

block

v. to prevent movement progress, or success n. blockage
adj. blocked

Syn. obstruct
The government blocked the sale of the airline.
The streets were flooded due to a blockage in the pipes.

65

blur

v. to make something difficult to see adj. blurred Syn. cloud
n. blur
The rain blurred everyone's view of the valley. The whole accident is just a blur in my mine.

66

brilliant

adj. intensely bright or colorful, intelligent adv. brilliantly Syn. radiant
n. brilliance
Einstein was a brilliant thinker.
She brilliantly produced a solution to the problem.

67

caution

v. to alert someone of danger, the act of

taking care of, or paying attention to, something
Syn. warn
The office cautioned the motorist to slow down.
They entered into the negotiations cautiously.
adj. cautious
adj. cautionary
adv. cautiously
n. caution

68

challenge

adj. challenging
v. challenge
n. an invitation to complete, something that demands competitive action or much thought Syn. dare
Finishing the 26-mile race was a challenge for most of the participants. It was a challenging math problem.

69

delicate

adj.needing careful treatment, sensitive, adv. delicately easily broken
Syn. fragile
Because of its controversial nature, it was a challenge to discuss such a delicate issue
in public.
You must handle the antique delicately.

70

enhance

n. enhancement adj.enhanced
v. to increase in a positive way, such as in value, power, or beauty
Syn. strengthen
Passing the exam should enhance your chances of being, admitted to college. The computer enhanced our productivity.

71

intrigue

a. to interest greatly
adj. intriguing Syn. fascinate adv. intriguingly
n. intrigue
He was intrigued by the acclaim flat he received. The intriguing question baffled historians.

72

persuade

adv. persuasively
adj.persuasive n. persuasion
v. to change a belief or behavior by argument or reason
Syn. convince
They couldn't persuade their critics to see their point of view. John presented a persuasive argument for his salary increase.

73

replace

adj. replaceable
n. replacement
v. to change for another thing; to take the place of
Syn. substitute
They have replaced all of the old office equipment.

The new employee was the replacement for Mr. Topper, who retired last month.

74

shed

v. to throw off naturally, to give out Syn. discard
In order to grow, crabs must shed their shells.
The experiments shed no new information on the cause of the disease.

75

unique

adj. to be the only one of a kind; special adv. uniquely Syn. rare
n. uniqueness
He was presented with a unique opportunity to attend the conference. His style of writing is uniquely his own.

76

chiefly

adv. most importantly or most commonly adj. chief Syn. mostly
Houses are made chiefly of wood products.
Corn is the chief crop of the Midwest.

77

coarse

adj. not fine or smooth, not delicate adv. coarsely Syn. rough
n. coarseness
Sandpaper is an extremely coarse material. Wool clothing has certain coarseness in texture.

78

commonplace

adj. ordinary Syn. frequent
Soon it will be commonplace to see the person to whom you are talking on the phone. Female lawyers are commonplace in the United States.

79

comparatively

adv. being measured or judged by comparison
adj. comparative Syn. relatively v. compare
n. comparison
It was comparatively easy for him to learn baseball because he had been a cricket player.
If you compare algebra and trigonometry, you'll discover that algebra is less complex.

80

complex

adj. difficult to understand or explain; n. complexity having many parts
Syn. complicated
The businessmen astutely approached the complex production problem.
The universe has a complexity beyond comprehension.

81

conventional

adj. following accepted rules or standards
adv. conventionally Syn. traditional n. convention
Professor Canfield agreed with the conventional theory about the origin of the Basque language.
To become integrated into a society, you must learn the conventions of that society.

82

curious

adj. odd or strange; eager to learn adv. curiously Syn. peculiar

n. curiosity
A curious object was discovered in the remains.
Sally was curiously interested in the history of Alaska.

83

exceedingly

adv. very; to an unusual degree
v. exceed Syn. extremely
n. excess
adj. excessive
adv. excessively
In tropical zones, it is exceedingly hot and humid. It is not safe to exceed the speed limit.

84

exclusively

adj. exclusive
n. exclusion
v. exclude
adv. no one else; nothing else; not shared with others
Syn. restrictively
This room is used exclusively by the faculty.
They excluded everyone under age 21 from the contest.

85

immense

adj. extremely large adv. immensely Syn. massive
n. immensity
From the mountaintop you can see the immense valley.
She was immensely interested in the idea of teaching a foreign language.

86

indeed

adv. certainly; really (used to make a statement stronger)
Syn. truly Did he indeed go to the infirmary.
It is very hot indeed.

87

rigid

adj. not easy to bend; firm, inflexible adv. rigidly Syn. stiff
The teacher was very rigid in his ideas about class attendance.
He adhered rigidly to his opinions about marriage.

88

routinely

adv. regularly, usually done adj. routine Syn. ordinarily
n. routine
She routinely gets a physical examination.
It is routine for students to become homesick at times.

89

sufficiently

adv. enough, in a satisfying manner
n. sufficiency Syn. adequately adj. sufficient

v. suffice
Jenny is sufficiently mature to make her own decisions. Her income is sufficient for her needs.

90

visibly

adv. can be seen adj. visible
n. vision* v. view
adj. visionary
* power of imagination or wisdom,
especially with regard to the future
Syn. noticeably
Ken was visibly upset about his performance evaluation.
Stars are more visible on a clear fall evening.

91

appropriate

adj. correct or good for the purpose n. appropriateness Syn. proper
adv. appropriately
It is not appropriate to cheat on tests.
She was dressed appropriately in a suit for the job interview.

92

clarify

v. to make more easily understood, to n. clarification make clear
Syn. explain
Chapter 2 in the textbook clarifies the process of osmosis.
A clarification of the government's position on this matter is necessary.

93

conceal

v. to prevent from being seen or discovered n. concealment Syn. hide
The students concealed their feelings about the course.
His concealment of the evidence made his case more difficult to prove.

94

confirm

v. to make certain, given support adj. confirmed Syn. prove
n. confirmation
The director confirmed that the meeting would be on the tenth.
We have just received confirmation of your reservation on the flight to Los Angeles.

95

constantly

adv. in an unchanging manner; happening all adj. constant the time
Syn. continually
 Philosophy constantly questions the nature of human existence.
The speed of light is constant at 186,000 miles a second.

96

convenient

adj. easy to reach, near; suitable to one's needs
adv. conveniently Syn. practical n. convenience
The student union is convenient to the physical sciences building.
For the convenience of the student body, the library is located in a central location.

97

core

adj. the central or most important part n. core Syn. chief
The core of the curriculum consists of courses that are required of all students. They are loyal to the core.

98

critical

adj. very serious or requiring careful judgment; finding fault
Syn. dangerous v.critique
n. criticism
n. critic
adv. critically

It is critical to follow the directions for the experiment exactly as the instructor indicates.
The runner accepted criticism from his coach very well.

99

distort

adj. distorted
n. distortion
v. to change from the original shape or condition, usually in an unnatural way
Syn. deform
 Time and space are distorted when traveling at the speed of light.

Distortion of the image from a microscope can be caused by low light.

100

diverse

adj. various; distinct from others
adv. diversely Syn. Different n. diversity
v. diversify
Freud had many diverse interests in psychology.
The diversity of life forms on Earth makes zoology an interesting area of study.

101

prosperous

adj. successful, wealthy
adv. prosperously Syn. thriving v. prosper
n. prosperity
In the early 1900s, San Francisco was a prosperous city. Bacteria prosper under the proper conditions.

102

purposefully

adv. done for a special reason
adj. purposeful Syn. deliberately adv. purposely
n. purpose
The course syllabus was designed purposefully to be easy to follow. He was authorized to spend the money for business purposes.

103

reveal

v. to uncover, to expose
adv. revealingly Syn. disclose adj. revealing
n. revelation
The president revealed some of his ideas before he gave his speech. The report made some revelations about the nature of the conflict.

104

scarcely

adv. almost not adj. scarce Syn. hardly

n. scarcity
The woman scarcely spoke a word of English.
Due to a scarcity of water, a rationing plan was established.

105

theoretically

adv. according to a reasoned, but not proven, point of view adj. theoretical
n. theory
v. theorize

 Syn. hypothetically
His argument was theoretically appealing but not realistic.
Leonardo da Vinci theorized that the Earth was not the center of the universe.

106

accelerate

v. to go faster n. acceleration Syn. hasten
n. accelerator
The action of molecules accelerates when they are heated. The poor condition of the motor made acceleration difficult.

107

crack

n. a thin opening caused by breaking, a flaw v. crack Syn. fracture
Cracks in the ice allowed for fishing.
The wall cracked due to poor construction.

108

create

adj. creative
adv. creatively
n. creation
n. creator
n. creativity
n. creativeness
v. to make something new Syn. produce
Thomas Edison created numerous inventions. Jonas Salk was an extremely creative scientist

109

creep

v. to move slowly and quietly close to the adj. creeping ground; to begin to happen
Syn. crawl
Some mistakes are beginning to creep into his work.
Ivy is a creeping variety of plant.

110

crush

adj. crushing
n. crush
v. to press together so as to completely distort the shape or nature of the object Syn. grind
The machine crushes corn to produce corn meal.
Passage of the legislation was a crushing blow to the president's program.

111

cultivate

adj. crushing
n. crush
v. to press together so as to completely distort the shape or nature of the object Syn. grind
The machine crushes corn to produce corn meal.
Passage of the legislation was a crushing blow to the president's program.

112

dictate

v. to state demands with the power to enforce adj. dictatorial Syn. impose
n. dictator
The workers were not in a position to dictate demands to management. His boss resembled a dictator.

113

distinguish

v. to hear, see, or recognize differences
adj. distinguishable Syn. discriminate adj. distinguished
 adj. distinguishing
Some people cannot distinguish colors well. Anteaters are distinguished by their long noses.

114

flaw

n. a small sign of damage that makes an adj. flawed item imperfect

Syn. defect They noticed that the contract was flawed.

115

harvest

adj. harvested
v. harvest
n. the act of collecting a crop; the crops gathered
Syn. gather
The United States had a comparatively good grain harvest this year. They were able to harvest the crop before the rain.

116

mirror

v. to show, as in a mirror n. mirror Syn. reflect
The results of the study mirror public opinion.
The strength of the economy is mirrored in the standard of living of the people.

117

obtain

v. to gain or secure something adj. obtainable Syn. gain
The university obtained a new particle accelerator.
The painting by Whistler was not obtainable.

118

particle

n. a very small piece of something Syn. fragment
Particles of dust can destroy electronic instruments.
Small particles of matter hold the keys to understanding the origin of life.

119

settle

adj. settled
n. settlement
v. to establish a home; to resolve a disagreement
Syn. colonize
People arriving from the south settled in California.
The lawyers settled their differences and came to an agreement.

120

transport

v. to move from one place to another
adj. transportable Syn. carry adj. transported
n. transportation
Flying is not always the fastest way to transport passengers to their destination. The transportation expenses of products increase their final cost.

121

accurate

adj. careful and exact adv. accurately Syn. precise
n. accuracy
She was able to make accurate observations with the new telescope. Experiments must be conducted with accuracy.

122

classify

v. to place into groups according to type adj. classified Syn. arrange
n. classification
Biologists classify life forms into many phyla.
The library's catalog is a classification of books in the library.

123

currency

n. monetary unit Syn. money
The purchase must be paid for in the national currency. The French currency is gaining strength.

124

deep

adj. far below the surface; complete understanding
Syn. thorough Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world.
The depth of his understanding of math is remarkable.

adv. deeply
n. depth
v. deepen

125

dense

adv. densely
n. density
adj. closely packed or crowded, difficult to see through
Syn. thick
The boating accident was caused by the dense fog.
Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated cities in the world.

126

depend on

adv. dependably
adj. dependable
n. dependence
n. dependency
n. dependent
v. to count on; to be supported by Syn. trust
The farmers depend on rain to produce a good harvest. His dependency on alcohol destroyed his marriage.

127

dim

adj. not bright or clear
adv. dimly Syn. faint v. dim
n. dimness
The light was too dim for studying. The stars dimly lit the evening sky.

128

display

v. to show, reveal n. display Syn. exhibit
The model displayed the details of the human hand.
The candidate's display of anger was unfortunate.

129

exports

n. products sold abroad
adj. exported Syn. foreign sales v. export
Until recently the United States' exports exceeded its imports. Exported goods are usually high in qualify.

130

gigantic

adj. very large
adv. gigantically Syn. enormous
Reaching the Moon was a gigantic step in space exploration for mankind. New methods of farming offer gigantic advantages over the old methods.

131

impressive

adv. impressively
v. impress
n. impression
adj. causing admiration because of an object's importance, size, or quality Syn. imposing
Lincoln's power of persuasion was impressive. Everyone left with a good impression of the play.

132

lasting

adj. forever, without end v. last Syn. enduring
Kennedy left a lasting impression on the people who heard his inaugural address. The introduction of robots will have a lasting effect on industry.

133

treasury

adj. treasured
v. treasure
n. the agency that controls and spends money; a collection of valued things Syn. bank
The treasury was under pressure to lower interest rates. Encyclopedias are a treasury of information.

134

uniform

adj. every part being the same. adv. uniformly Syn. consistent
n. uniformity
Bread has a uniform texture.

The grades on the test were uniformly poor.

135

vibrant

adj. lively, powerful, full of action, bright
adv. vibrantly Syn. brilliant n. vibrancy
His vibrant personality made him well liked by everyone. The vibrancy of the city is attractive to many individuals.

136

distinct

adj. clearly noticed; different
adv. distinctly Syn. definite adj. distinctive
n. distinct
There was a distinct aroma of coffee in the restaurant. The two theories are distinctly different from each other.

137

dominant

adv. dominantly
v. dominate
n. domination
adj. primary or principal; having or exercising control over something Syn. major
The dominant life forms of the paleozoic era lived in the water. The skyscraper dominated the skyline.

138

dormant

adj. not growing or producing; asleep n. dormitory Syn. inactive
The volcano had been dormant for hundreds of years before the eruption last month. The seniors live in the new dormitory.

139

drab

adj. lacking color; uninteresting, boring adv. drably Syn. colorless
n. drabness
Their clothing was quite drab.
The drabness of the desert made driving less interesting.

140

dramatic

adj. something that captures the imagination; exciting
adv. dramatically Syn. emotional n. drama
v. dramatize
The dramatic finish to the game left us speechless. The hurricane dramatically changed the coastline.

141

elaborate

adj. something with a large number of parts; full of details adv. elaborately
v. elaborate
n. elaboration
Syn. complex
An elaborate headdress indicated rank within the Aztec community.
His elaboration of the issue was quite thorough.

142

exceptional

adj. unusual in a positive way adv. exceptionally Syn. phenomenal
The orchestra's performance was exceptional.
The North Star is exceptionally bright.

143

hazardous

adj. very risky, unsafe adv. hazardously Syn. dangerous
n. hazard
Handling flammable liquids is hazardous.
There are many hazards involved with starting a business.

144

minuscule

adj. of little consequence; very small adj. minute Syn. tiny
n. minitia
The sale of the building had a minuscule effect on the profits of the corporation. Some leaves are covered with minute hairs.

145

prime

v. to make ready; adj. primed
adj. prime*
n. prime
* first in importance or in time
Syn. prepare
The directors primed the actors before the performance.
Mozart passed away in the prime of his life.

146

rudimentary

adj. simple; not complex n. rudiment Syn. basic
He has a rudimentary knowledge of computers.
The rudiments of grammar are taught in all English classes.

147

sensitive

adj. easily affected adv. sensitively Syn. delicate
n. sensitivity
Film varies according to its sensitivity to light.
This equipment is very sensitive to changes in temperature.

148

superficial

adj. simple; not deep; near the surface adv. superficially Syn. shallow
The inspector determined that the crack in the bridge was only superficial. You should not try to answer the question superficially.

149

terrifying

adj. filled with fear adv. terrifyingly Syn. frightening
v. terrify
prime
adj. primed
adj. prime*
n. prime

To be in a violent storm is a terrifying experience. They are terrified by dogs.

150

vigorous

adj. powerful, full of action adv. vigorously Syn. strong n. vigor His vigorous defense of the issues impressed everyone. He approached his work with vigor.