Flashcards in Barron's Essential Words New Deck (150):
adv. to or in another country Syn. overseas, internationally Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad. Living abroad can be an educational experience.
adj. quick, without warning adv. abruptly Syn. sudden
There was an abrupt change in the weather. After the incident everyone left abruptly.
adj. allowable or satisfactory
v. accept Syn. permissible adv. acceptably
The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.
n. enthusiastic approval, applause adj. acclaimed Syn. praise
Isaac Stem has won acclaim abroad. Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.
adv. being in existence, real or factual adj. actual Syn. truly
They were actually very good soccer players.
The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.
adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad
adv. adversely Syn. unfavorable n. adversity
Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game. His indecision adversely affected his job performance.
n. a recommendation given by someone not
v. advise associated with the problem or situation adj. advisable Syn. suggestion
Good advice is hard to find.
It is not advisable to stay up late the night before a test.
adj. calling attention to, pleasing, creating interest, pretty v. attract
The idea of working four, 10-hour work days was attractive to the employees. The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.
adj. having no flaw or mistake, excellent adv. ideally Syn. perfect
The beach is an ideal place to relax.
Candidates for the job should ideally have five years experience in similar positions.
adj. continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or decision
The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness. Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.
adj. extending over a large area adv. widely Syn. broad
Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest. The senator has traveled wide1y.
adj. by itself, with no association adv. autonomously Syn. independent
Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.
n. the act of disagreeing, not giving approval v. disapprove
adv. disapprovingly Syn. objection
Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned. The students disapproved of the plan of study.
adj. causing confusion and interruption
v. disrupt Syn. disturbing n. disruption
Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive. The storm caused a disruption in bus service.
adv. having no order or pattern, by chance adj. haphazard Syn. arbitrarily, carelessly
It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly. Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.
adj.ahead of current thought or practice forward thinking, new
n. advancement Syn. progressive Advanced technology is changing the world.
His advancement to captain came unexpectedly.
n. something that may help one to be successful or to gain something
adv. advantageously Syn. benefit adj. advantageous
Is there any advantage in arriving early?
He was advantageously born into a rich family.
n. the coming or appearance of something Syn. arrival
With the advent of computers, many tasks have been made easier. The newspapers announced the advent of the concert season.
adj. able to move in a quick and easy way
adv. agilely Syn. nimble n. agileness
Deer are very agile animals.
She moved agilely across the stage.
conj. in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact Syn. although
His trip was successful, albeit tiring.
Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.
v. to agree to let something happen, not to interfere with an action
n. allowance Syn. permit adj. allowable
Arthur's natural agility will allow him to excel in sports. The extra money allowed us to stay abroad another day.
adj. attractive or interesting, able to move feelings
Syn. alluring Working abroad is appealing to many people.
Through his speeches, the candidate appealed to the voters.
adj. acclaimed, well-known, and popular Syn. renown
The celebrated pianist will give a concert this weekend. San Francisco is celebrated for its multicultural makeup.
adj. modern, up-to-date; also a person living at the same time as another person
n.contemporary Syn. current Contemporary architecture makes very good use of space. Cervantes was a contemporary of Shakespeare.
v. to divide among people or to give out n. distribution Syn. dispense
Many publishers distribute their newspapers directly to homes in their area. The distribution of seeds is very quick with this new machine.
v. to give courage or hope to someone
n. encouragement Syn. inspire adj. encouraging
Even though the runner finished second, he was encouraged by his performance. His teacher gave him the encouragement that he needed to learn the material.
adj. full of life, action, or power n. energy Syn. vigorous
Sam hasn't been as energetic as he usually is. There's a lot of energy in these batteries.
adj. weak in health or in body n. trade Syn. fragile
The frail wings of the newborn bird could not lift it off the ground. One of the frailties of human beings is laziness.
v. to make pure, to improve n. refinement Syn. perfect (v.)
Factories must to refine oil before it can be used as fuel.
A squirt of lime juice is the perfect refinement to cola.
adj. value in doing something Syn. rewarding
It was worthwhile waiting 10 hours in line for the tickets. It's worthwhile to prepare for the TOEFL.
v. to change or make different
v. altered Syn. modify
I Will the starlit alter its course and miss the coast? Gloria hasn't altered her plans to return to school.
v. to study something carefully, to separate into parts for study
Scientists must analyze problems thoroughly.
Analysis of the substance confirms the presence of nitrogen.
adj.something from a long time ago, very old. Syn. old
Archaeologists analyze ancient civilizations. Dave found an ancient Roman coin.
adj. a slight bother, disturbing to a person
n. annoyance Syn. bothersome
Mosquitoes can be an annoying part of a vacation at the beach. She annoyed her parents by coming home late.
v. to think about or prepare for something ahead of time
No one can anticipate the results of the games. They planned their vacation with anticipation.
v. to follow established rules or patterns of behavior
Yon must conform to the rules or leave the club. She has always been a conformist.
v. to find out, to observe something n. detection Syn. notice
He detected a smile on his girlfriend's face. They are the best detectives on the police force.
v. to make rich, to make something of greater value
The fine arts enrich our lives.
The discovery of oil was an enrichment for the country.
v. to make stronger in feeling or quality Syn. heighten
The importance of the test will sometimes intensify the nervousness of the students. The chess match was played with great intensity.
adj.difficult or painful to experience, not able to accept different ways of thought or behavior n. intolerance
Syn. unbearable Any opposition to the rules is intolerable.
His boss was intolerant of his tardiness.
v. to see and watch carefully, to examine
n. observation Syn. notice
Human beings like to observe the behavior of monkeys. I made the observation that you are not happy.
adj. continuing Syn. current
The tutoring project is an ongoing program of the school. Maintaining roads is an ongoing job.
v. to suggest or plan to do something
n. proposal Syn. suggest
The governor is going to propose new taxes. Her proposal was well accepted.
v. to give back or bring back something; to return to the original condition
He restored my confidence in hint.
It is a beautiful restoration of the old table.
adj. of great importance, full of life n. vitality Syn. indispensable
Money is vital to the success of the program. His intense vitality was easily observable.
adj.of unclear meaning, something that can be understood in more than one way
adv. ambiguously Syn. vague n. ambiguity
The men received an ambiguous message from their boss. His letter was full of ambiguities.
adj.to be clear in meaning or open to view, easily understood
adv.apparently Syn. visible It was apparent that he needed to rest.
No one apparently knew to solve the problem.
adv. arbitrarily n.arbitrariness
adj.an action or decision made with little thought, order, or reason
Syn. haphazard Her choice of clothing seemed arbitrary.
The teacher arbitrarily decided to give the class a test.
n. to express or defend oneself strongly, to state positively
The government asserted its control over the banking system. The company president is an assertive individual.
adj. very surprising v. astound Syn. astonishing
The scientists made an astounding discovery. The fans were astounded by their team's success.
adj. very intelligent, smart, clever adj. astutely Syn. perceptive
He was an astute worker, finishing in half the time it took the others to finish. They astutely determined that there would be no chance to finish on time.
v. to give permission or power to do adj. authorized something
Only authorized employees are allowed in the laboratory.
The dean has the authority to resolve academic problem of students.
adv. to make someone think that something is true or good when it is false or bad
The magician deceptively made the rabbit disappear. Richard deceived Joe about the cost of the coat.
adj.to be strong in one's opinion, to be firm in conviction
They were determined to go to graduate school. The judge determined that the man was lying.
v. to get the facts, to draw out, to evoke n. elicitation Syn. extract
A lawyer will elicit all the facts necessary to prove her case. Elicitation of the truth can be difficult at times.
v. to command not to do something to have a dangerous look, bad feeling adj. forbidden
Syn. ban His father will forbid him to use the car.
The cave looks forbidding let's not go in.
v. to make a request n. petition Syn. appeal
Canada petitioned the United Nations to consider its case. The student's petition was denied.
v. to give up control n. relinquishment Syn. abdicate
The troubled executive relinquished his control of the company.
The relinquishment of his claim to the building will allow the building to be sold.
adj.strong enough to recover from difficulty or
adv. resiliently disease
n. resilience Syn. tenacious
She has a resilient personality and will soon feel better. The doctor was surprised by his patient's resilience.
v. to make it attractive to do something wrong adv. temptingly
The idea of getting rich quickly tempted him to invest his life savings.
Desserts are more tempting when one is on a diet.
v. to fill with great surprise
adv. amazingly Syn. astonish n. amazement
I was amazed that I received an A on the calculus test. The actor gave an amazing performance.
v. to confuse to a point at which no progress can be made
The causes of many harmful diseases have baffled doctors for centuries. That was a baffling question.
v. to produce, to carry; to show; to endure adj. bearably
adj. bearable Syn. yield
This orchard bears many fine harvests of apples.
Although stock prices declined, losses have been bearable for most investors.
v. to prevent movement progress, or success n. blockage
The government blocked the sale of the airline.
The streets were flooded due to a blockage in the pipes.
v. to make something difficult to see adj. blurred Syn. cloud
The rain blurred everyone's view of the valley. The whole accident is just a blur in my mine.
adj. intensely bright or colorful, intelligent adv. brilliantly Syn. radiant
Einstein was a brilliant thinker.
She brilliantly produced a solution to the problem.
v. to alert someone of danger, the act of
taking care of, or paying attention to, something
The office cautioned the motorist to slow down.
They entered into the negotiations cautiously.
n. an invitation to complete, something that demands competitive action or much thought Syn. dare
Finishing the 26-mile race was a challenge for most of the participants. It was a challenging math problem.
adj.needing careful treatment, sensitive, adv. delicately easily broken
Because of its controversial nature, it was a challenge to discuss such a delicate issue
You must handle the antique delicately.
n. enhancement adj.enhanced
v. to increase in a positive way, such as in value, power, or beauty
Passing the exam should enhance your chances of being, admitted to college. The computer enhanced our productivity.
a. to interest greatly
adj. intriguing Syn. fascinate adv. intriguingly
He was intrigued by the acclaim flat he received. The intriguing question baffled historians.
adj.persuasive n. persuasion
v. to change a belief or behavior by argument or reason
They couldn't persuade their critics to see their point of view. John presented a persuasive argument for his salary increase.
v. to change for another thing; to take the place of
They have replaced all of the old office equipment.
The new employee was the replacement for Mr. Topper, who retired last month.
v. to throw off naturally, to give out Syn. discard
In order to grow, crabs must shed their shells.
The experiments shed no new information on the cause of the disease.
adj. to be the only one of a kind; special adv. uniquely Syn. rare
He was presented with a unique opportunity to attend the conference. His style of writing is uniquely his own.
adv. most importantly or most commonly adj. chief Syn. mostly
Houses are made chiefly of wood products.
Corn is the chief crop of the Midwest.
adj. not fine or smooth, not delicate adv. coarsely Syn. rough
Sandpaper is an extremely coarse material. Wool clothing has certain coarseness in texture.
adj. ordinary Syn. frequent
Soon it will be commonplace to see the person to whom you are talking on the phone. Female lawyers are commonplace in the United States.
adv. being measured or judged by comparison
adj. comparative Syn. relatively v. compare
It was comparatively easy for him to learn baseball because he had been a cricket player.
If you compare algebra and trigonometry, you'll discover that algebra is less complex.
adj. difficult to understand or explain; n. complexity having many parts
The businessmen astutely approached the complex production problem.
The universe has a complexity beyond comprehension.
adj. following accepted rules or standards
adv. conventionally Syn. traditional n. convention
Professor Canfield agreed with the conventional theory about the origin of the Basque language.
To become integrated into a society, you must learn the conventions of that society.
adj. odd or strange; eager to learn adv. curiously Syn. peculiar
A curious object was discovered in the remains.
Sally was curiously interested in the history of Alaska.
adv. very; to an unusual degree
v. exceed Syn. extremely
In tropical zones, it is exceedingly hot and humid. It is not safe to exceed the speed limit.
adv. no one else; nothing else; not shared with others
This room is used exclusively by the faculty.
They excluded everyone under age 21 from the contest.
adj. extremely large adv. immensely Syn. massive
From the mountaintop you can see the immense valley.
She was immensely interested in the idea of teaching a foreign language.
adv. certainly; really (used to make a statement stronger)
Syn. truly Did he indeed go to the infirmary.
It is very hot indeed.
adj. not easy to bend; firm, inflexible adv. rigidly Syn. stiff
The teacher was very rigid in his ideas about class attendance.
He adhered rigidly to his opinions about marriage.
adv. regularly, usually done adj. routine Syn. ordinarily
She routinely gets a physical examination.
It is routine for students to become homesick at times.
adv. enough, in a satisfying manner
n. sufficiency Syn. adequately adj. sufficient
Jenny is sufficiently mature to make her own decisions. Her income is sufficient for her needs.
adv. can be seen adj. visible
n. vision* v. view
* power of imagination or wisdom,
especially with regard to the future
Ken was visibly upset about his performance evaluation.
Stars are more visible on a clear fall evening.
adj. correct or good for the purpose n. appropriateness Syn. proper
It is not appropriate to cheat on tests.
She was dressed appropriately in a suit for the job interview.
v. to make more easily understood, to n. clarification make clear
Chapter 2 in the textbook clarifies the process of osmosis.
A clarification of the government's position on this matter is necessary.
v. to prevent from being seen or discovered n. concealment Syn. hide
The students concealed their feelings about the course.
His concealment of the evidence made his case more difficult to prove.
v. to make certain, given support adj. confirmed Syn. prove
The director confirmed that the meeting would be on the tenth.
We have just received confirmation of your reservation on the flight to Los Angeles.
adv. in an unchanging manner; happening all adj. constant the time
Philosophy constantly questions the nature of human existence.
The speed of light is constant at 186,000 miles a second.
adj. easy to reach, near; suitable to one's needs
adv. conveniently Syn. practical n. convenience
The student union is convenient to the physical sciences building.
For the convenience of the student body, the library is located in a central location.
adj. the central or most important part n. core Syn. chief
The core of the curriculum consists of courses that are required of all students. They are loyal to the core.
adj. very serious or requiring careful judgment; finding fault
Syn. dangerous v.critique
It is critical to follow the directions for the experiment exactly as the instructor indicates.
The runner accepted criticism from his coach very well.
v. to change from the original shape or condition, usually in an unnatural way
Time and space are distorted when traveling at the speed of light.
Distortion of the image from a microscope can be caused by low light.
adj. various; distinct from others
adv. diversely Syn. Different n. diversity
Freud had many diverse interests in psychology.
The diversity of life forms on Earth makes zoology an interesting area of study.
adj. successful, wealthy
adv. prosperously Syn. thriving v. prosper
In the early 1900s, San Francisco was a prosperous city. Bacteria prosper under the proper conditions.
adv. done for a special reason
adj. purposeful Syn. deliberately adv. purposely
The course syllabus was designed purposefully to be easy to follow. He was authorized to spend the money for business purposes.
v. to uncover, to expose
adv. revealingly Syn. disclose adj. revealing
The president revealed some of his ideas before he gave his speech. The report made some revelations about the nature of the conflict.
adv. almost not adj. scarce Syn. hardly
The woman scarcely spoke a word of English.
Due to a scarcity of water, a rationing plan was established.
adv. according to a reasoned, but not proven, point of view adj. theoretical
His argument was theoretically appealing but not realistic.
Leonardo da Vinci theorized that the Earth was not the center of the universe.
v. to go faster n. acceleration Syn. hasten
The action of molecules accelerates when they are heated. The poor condition of the motor made acceleration difficult.
n. a thin opening caused by breaking, a flaw v. crack Syn. fracture
Cracks in the ice allowed for fishing.
The wall cracked due to poor construction.
v. to make something new Syn. produce
Thomas Edison created numerous inventions. Jonas Salk was an extremely creative scientist
v. to move slowly and quietly close to the adj. creeping ground; to begin to happen
Some mistakes are beginning to creep into his work.
Ivy is a creeping variety of plant.
v. to press together so as to completely distort the shape or nature of the object Syn. grind
The machine crushes corn to produce corn meal.
Passage of the legislation was a crushing blow to the president's program.
v. to press together so as to completely distort the shape or nature of the object Syn. grind
The machine crushes corn to produce corn meal.
Passage of the legislation was a crushing blow to the president's program.
v. to state demands with the power to enforce adj. dictatorial Syn. impose
The workers were not in a position to dictate demands to management. His boss resembled a dictator.
v. to hear, see, or recognize differences
adj. distinguishable Syn. discriminate adj. distinguished
Some people cannot distinguish colors well. Anteaters are distinguished by their long noses.
n. a small sign of damage that makes an adj. flawed item imperfect
Syn. defect They noticed that the contract was flawed.
n. the act of collecting a crop; the crops gathered
The United States had a comparatively good grain harvest this year. They were able to harvest the crop before the rain.
v. to show, as in a mirror n. mirror Syn. reflect
The results of the study mirror public opinion.
The strength of the economy is mirrored in the standard of living of the people.
v. to gain or secure something adj. obtainable Syn. gain
The university obtained a new particle accelerator.
The painting by Whistler was not obtainable.
n. a very small piece of something Syn. fragment
Particles of dust can destroy electronic instruments.
Small particles of matter hold the keys to understanding the origin of life.
v. to establish a home; to resolve a disagreement
People arriving from the south settled in California.
The lawyers settled their differences and came to an agreement.
v. to move from one place to another
adj. transportable Syn. carry adj. transported
Flying is not always the fastest way to transport passengers to their destination. The transportation expenses of products increase their final cost.
adj. careful and exact adv. accurately Syn. precise
She was able to make accurate observations with the new telescope. Experiments must be conducted with accuracy.
v. to place into groups according to type adj. classified Syn. arrange
Biologists classify life forms into many phyla.
The library's catalog is a classification of books in the library.
n. monetary unit Syn. money
The purchase must be paid for in the national currency. The French currency is gaining strength.
adj. far below the surface; complete understanding
Syn. thorough Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world.
The depth of his understanding of math is remarkable.
adj. closely packed or crowded, difficult to see through
The boating accident was caused by the dense fog.
Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated cities in the world.
v. to count on; to be supported by Syn. trust
The farmers depend on rain to produce a good harvest. His dependency on alcohol destroyed his marriage.
adj. not bright or clear
adv. dimly Syn. faint v. dim
The light was too dim for studying. The stars dimly lit the evening sky.
v. to show, reveal n. display Syn. exhibit
The model displayed the details of the human hand.
The candidate's display of anger was unfortunate.
n. products sold abroad
adj. exported Syn. foreign sales v. export
Until recently the United States' exports exceeded its imports. Exported goods are usually high in qualify.
adj. very large
adv. gigantically Syn. enormous
Reaching the Moon was a gigantic step in space exploration for mankind. New methods of farming offer gigantic advantages over the old methods.
adj. causing admiration because of an object's importance, size, or quality Syn. imposing
Lincoln's power of persuasion was impressive. Everyone left with a good impression of the play.
adj. forever, without end v. last Syn. enduring
Kennedy left a lasting impression on the people who heard his inaugural address. The introduction of robots will have a lasting effect on industry.
n. the agency that controls and spends money; a collection of valued things Syn. bank
The treasury was under pressure to lower interest rates. Encyclopedias are a treasury of information.
adj. every part being the same. adv. uniformly Syn. consistent
Bread has a uniform texture.
The grades on the test were uniformly poor.
adj. lively, powerful, full of action, bright
adv. vibrantly Syn. brilliant n. vibrancy
His vibrant personality made him well liked by everyone. The vibrancy of the city is attractive to many individuals.
adj. clearly noticed; different
adv. distinctly Syn. definite adj. distinctive
There was a distinct aroma of coffee in the restaurant. The two theories are distinctly different from each other.
adj. primary or principal; having or exercising control over something Syn. major
The dominant life forms of the paleozoic era lived in the water. The skyscraper dominated the skyline.
adj. not growing or producing; asleep n. dormitory Syn. inactive
The volcano had been dormant for hundreds of years before the eruption last month. The seniors live in the new dormitory.
adj. lacking color; uninteresting, boring adv. drably Syn. colorless
Their clothing was quite drab.
The drabness of the desert made driving less interesting.
adj. something that captures the imagination; exciting
adv. dramatically Syn. emotional n. drama
The dramatic finish to the game left us speechless. The hurricane dramatically changed the coastline.
adj. something with a large number of parts; full of details adv. elaborately
An elaborate headdress indicated rank within the Aztec community.
His elaboration of the issue was quite thorough.
adj. unusual in a positive way adv. exceptionally Syn. phenomenal
The orchestra's performance was exceptional.
The North Star is exceptionally bright.
adj. very risky, unsafe adv. hazardously Syn. dangerous
Handling flammable liquids is hazardous.
There are many hazards involved with starting a business.
adj. of little consequence; very small adj. minute Syn. tiny
The sale of the building had a minuscule effect on the profits of the corporation. Some leaves are covered with minute hairs.
v. to make ready; adj. primed
* first in importance or in time
The directors primed the actors before the performance.
Mozart passed away in the prime of his life.
adj. simple; not complex n. rudiment Syn. basic
He has a rudimentary knowledge of computers.
The rudiments of grammar are taught in all English classes.
adj. easily affected adv. sensitively Syn. delicate
Film varies according to its sensitivity to light.
This equipment is very sensitive to changes in temperature.
adj. simple; not deep; near the surface adv. superficially Syn. shallow
The inspector determined that the crack in the bridge was only superficial. You should not try to answer the question superficially.
adj. filled with fear adv. terrifyingly Syn. frightening
To be in a violent storm is a terrifying experience. They are terrified by dogs.