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Flashcards in Barron's Essential Words New Deck (150)
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1

abroad

adv. to or in another country Syn. overseas, internationally Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad. Living abroad can be an educational experience.

2

abrupt

adj. quick, without warning adv. abruptly Syn. sudden
n. abruptness
There was an abrupt change in the weather. After the incident everyone left abruptly.

3

acceptable

adj. allowable or satisfactory
v. accept Syn. permissible adv. acceptably
n. acceptability
adj. accepting
The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.

4

acclaim

n. enthusiastic approval, applause adj. acclaimed Syn. praise
n. acclamation
Isaac Stem has won acclaim abroad. Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.

5

actually

adv. being in existence, real or factual adj. actual Syn. truly
They were actually very good soccer players.
The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.

6

adverse

adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad
adv. adversely Syn. unfavorable n. adversity
n. adversary
Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game. His indecision adversely affected his job performance.

7

advice

n. a recommendation given by someone not

v. advise associated with the problem or situation adj. advisable Syn. suggestion
n. advisability
Good advice is hard to find.
It is not advisable to stay up late the night before a test.

8

attractive

adj. calling attention to, pleasing, creating interest, pretty v. attract
n. attraction
n. attractiveness
adv. attractively

Syn. appealing
The idea of working four, 10-hour work days was attractive to the employees. The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.

9

ideal

adj. having no flaw or mistake, excellent adv. ideally Syn. perfect
n. ideal
The beach is an ideal place to relax.
Candidates for the job should ideally have five years experience in similar positions.

10

persistent

v. persist
adv. persistently
adj. continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or decision
n. persistence
Syn. constant
The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness. Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.

11

wide

adj. extending over a large area adv. widely Syn. broad
n. wideness
Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest. The senator has traveled wide1y.

12

autonomous

adj. by itself, with no association adv. autonomously Syn. independent
Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.

13

disapproval

n. the act of disagreeing, not giving approval v. disapprove
adv. disapprovingly Syn. objection
Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned. The students disapproved of the plan of study.

14

disruptive

adj. causing confusion and interruption
v. disrupt Syn. disturbing n. disruption
adv. disruptively
Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive. The storm caused a disruption in bus service.

15

haphazardly

adv. having no order or pattern, by chance adj. haphazard Syn. arbitrarily, carelessly
n. haphazardness
It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly. Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.

16

advanced

adj.ahead of current thought or practice forward thinking, new
v. advance
n. advancement Syn. progressive Advanced technology is changing the world.
His advancement to captain came unexpectedly.

17

advantage

n. something that may help one to be successful or to gain something
adv. advantageously Syn. benefit adj. advantageous
Is there any advantage in arriving early?
He was advantageously born into a rich family.

18

advent

n. the coming or appearance of something Syn. arrival
With the advent of computers, many tasks have been made easier. The newspapers announced the advent of the concert season.

19

agile

adj. able to move in a quick and easy way
adv. agilely Syn. nimble n. agileness
n. agility
Deer are very agile animals.
She moved agilely across the stage.

20

albeit

conj. in spite of the facts, regardless of the fact Syn. although
His trip was successful, albeit tiring.
Albeit difficult at times, speaking another language is rewarding.

21

allow

v. to agree to let something happen, not to interfere with an action
n. allowance Syn. permit adj. allowable
adv. allowable
Arthur's natural agility will allow him to excel in sports. The extra money allowed us to stay abroad another day.

22

appealing

v. appeal
adj. attractive or interesting, able to move feelings
Syn. alluring Working abroad is appealing to many people.
n. appeal
adv. appealingly

Through his speeches, the candidate appealed to the voters.

23

celebrated

adj. acclaimed, well-known, and popular Syn. renown
The celebrated pianist will give a concert this weekend. San Francisco is celebrated for its multicultural makeup.

24

contemporary

adj. modern, up-to-date; also a person living at the same time as another person
n.contemporary Syn. current Contemporary architecture makes very good use of space. Cervantes was a contemporary of Shakespeare.

25

distribute

v. to divide among people or to give out n. distribution Syn. dispense
Many publishers distribute their newspapers directly to homes in their area. The distribution of seeds is very quick with this new machine.

26

encourage

v. to give courage or hope to someone
n. encouragement Syn. inspire adj. encouraging
adv. encouragingly
Even though the runner finished second, he was encouraged by his performance. His teacher gave him the encouragement that he needed to learn the material.

27

energetic

adj. full of life, action, or power n. energy Syn. vigorous
adv. energetically
Sam hasn't been as energetic as he usually is. There's a lot of energy in these batteries.

28

frail

adj. weak in health or in body n. trade Syn. fragile
The frail wings of the newborn bird could not lift it off the ground. One of the frailties of human beings is laziness.

29

refine

v. to make pure, to improve n. refinement Syn. perfect (v.)
adj. refined
Factories must to refine oil before it can be used as fuel.

A squirt of lime juice is the perfect refinement to cola.

30

worthwhile

adj. value in doing something Syn. rewarding
It was worthwhile waiting 10 hours in line for the tickets. It's worthwhile to prepare for the TOEFL.