Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Basic Concepts Of Organic Chemistry Deck (38)
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1

Hydrocarbons

Made up of carbon and hydrogen only

2

Saturated

Single bonds only

3

Unsaturated

Multiple bonds

4

Homologous series

Family of compounds with similar chemical properties, differ by addition of CH2 group

5

Functional group

Part of organic molecule that is responsible for molecules chemical properties
Carbon can bond to many elements

6

Classification of organic molecules

Aliphatic
Alicyclics
Aromatic

7

Aliphatic

Carbon atoms joined in unbranched or branched chains or non aromatic rings

8

Alicyclic

Carbon atoms joined together in cyclic structures with or without branches

9

Aromatic

Some/all carbons in a benzene ring

10

Aliphatic hydrocarbons

Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkynes

11

Naming molecules

Identify functional group
Identify longest carbon chain
Identify length of side groups
Names of molecules in alphabetical order

12

Alkene prefixes and suffixes

-ene

13

Alcohol prefixes and suffixes

Hydroxyl-
-ol

14

Haloalkane prefix and suffixes

Chloro-
Bromo-
Iodo-

15

Aldehyde prefix and suffixes

-al

16

Ketone prefix and suffixes

-one

17

Carboxylic acid prefix and suffixes

-oic acid

18

Chemical formulae

Molecular
Empirical
Structural
Displayed
Skeletal

19

Molecular formulae

No type of atoms present
Does not show bonding
Isomers

20

Empirical formulae

Simplest whole no ratio of atoms
Homologous molecules have same empirical formulae

21

General formulae

Simplest algebraic formula for any homologous series

22

General formula of alkanes

Cn H2n+2

23

General formula of alkenes

Cn H2n

24

General formula of alcohols

Cn H2n+1 OH

25

General formula of carboxylic acids

Cn H2n O2

26

General formula of ketones

Cn H2n O

27

Displayed formula

Relative positioning of all atoms in a molecule and bonds

28

Structural formula

Smallest detail necessary to show arrangement
Shows bonds

29

Skeletal formula

Remove all C and H
Molecules with functional groups must be included

30

Structural position isomers

Same molecular formula, different structural formula
Draw out the different ways that the carbons can be joined
If functional group present, place in different positions