Flashcards in Electron Structure Deck (24)
How many electrons fit in one shell up to n=4?
What are shells?
What happens to the energy level as the shell number increases
What is the principle quantum number?
The shell number or energy level number
What are shells made out of
Made up of atomic orbitals
What is am atomic orbital?
A region around the nucleus that can hold up to 2 electrons, with opposite spins.
What types of orbital are there
S, p, d, f
Each can hold up to 2 electrons
Each shell from n=1 contains 1 orbital
The greater the shell number, the greater the radius of its s orbital
Each orbital can hold up to 2 electrons
3 separate p orbitals at right angles to each other, px, py, pz
The greater the shell number, the further the p orbital is from the nucleus
D and F orbitals
n=3 contains 5 d orbitals
n=4 contains 7 f orbitals
What is the relationship between orbitals and sub shells?
A new type of orbital is added for each additional shell.
What are sub shells
Orbitals of the same type are grouped together as sub shells.
What is the relationship between new shells and orbitals
Each new shell gains a new type of orbital
What is the relationship between orbital number and type of orbital
The number of orbitals increase with each new type of orbital.
What is the relationship between electron numbers and orbitals?
2 electrons fit into each orbital, so the number of electrons in each sub shell increases. It is double the number of orbitals with each type of electrons
What is the order of filling orbitals?
1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 4d, 4f
What is the relationship between filling orbitals and the type of orbital
Orbitals fill in in order of increasing energy.
4s is lower than 3d
Once 4s is filled, it falls into a lower energy state.
How do fill the orbitals with electrons?
Each orbital can hold up to 2 electrons.
Draw electrons in boxes.
Electrons repel each other, have opposite spins.
Orbitals with same energy are occupied singly first, prevents any repulsion between paired electrons until there is no further orbital available at the energy level.
Full orbitals are stable
Shows how sub shells are occupied by electrons
What is the electron configuration of Krypton
1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 4s2, 3d10, 4p6
What do the letters mean
What do the superscript numbers mean
What is the short hand configuration?
Write the noble gas before the element and the electron configuration.