Basic Dental Terminology Flashcards Preview

CoreCHI Medical Written Exam > Basic Dental Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Dental Terminology Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
1

occlusal

portion of the tooth that occludes or the grinding surface

2

incisal

edge of front tooth used for cutting off food

3

Dent- or Odont-

tooth

4

Perio-

around

5

Endo-

inside

6

-ist

person who treats or does the procedure

7

-itis

inflammation

8

Perio-dont-itis

inflammation of the tissues around the tooth

9

Gingiva

gums

10

Pulp(nerve)

tissue inside the tooth containing the nerve, blood vessels and cells that repair the tooth to protect it from approaching caries by forming a layer of dentin.

11

Pulp-itis

inflammation of the nerve

12

Osseous

refers to bone

13

Osseous surgery

surgery involving manipulation of bone

14

Apex

tip or point

15

Peri-

around

16

Peri-apical

around the point (root tip)

17

Peri-apical film

film that shows the end of the root

18

Bite-wing film

a film that has a tab (wing) on the side to bite on when taken

19

Pediatric dentist

limited to treatment of children, including special problems (handicapped, behavior problems, extensive dental disease in the young)

20

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

mainly do extensive surgical extractions (e.g., impacted wisdom teeth), treat fractured jaws and perform surgical procedures involving the jaws and teeth

21

Orthodontists

fit braces for malocclusions (crooked teeth)

22

Periodontists

treat diseases of the gums and bone (supporting tissues) - surgical procedures/scaling and root planing

23

Prosthodontists

(Prosthetic appliances are artificial replacements for body parts.) Provide dentures, implants, fixed bridges, extensive reconstruction with crowns, etc.

24

Oral Pathologists

specialize in diagnosis of diseases and abnormalities by clinical examinations and analysis of biopsies or laboratory tests

25

Endodontists

treat problems with the pulp, root canals and perform surgery of the tissues around the end the roots (periapical).

26

Maxilla

upper jaw bone

27

Mandible

lower jaw bone

28

Arch

he horseshoe (U)-shaped arrangement of the teeth and bone

29

Maxillary arch

upper teeth and bone around the teeth

30

Mandibular arch

lower teeth and bone

31

Quadrant

area divided in fourths. For dentistry, the mouth is divided in the midline between the two central incisors and separated between the upper and lower arches for descriptive purposes

32

Upper right quadrant

teeth and bone in patient's upper right segment. Right and left always refers to the patient's right or left. Abbreviations refer to upper right, upper left, lower left and lower right (UR, UL, LL, LR)

33

Incisor tooth

one of the four upper or lower front teeth that have an edge versus apoint and used for incising food (cutting it off)

34

Cuspid

pointed tooth at corners of each arch; also called canine because dogs have large cuspids or eye teeth because root is long and apex of the root is under the eye

35

Bicuspid

has two cusps, there are two bicuspids on each side of each arch

36

Pre-molar

teeth in front of molars (just another name for bicuspids)

37

Molar

multiple cusp teeth used for grinding food. There are three permanent molars in each quadrant.

38

Decay

decompose or come apart

39

Abscess

localized infection that can spread

40

Prophylaxis

cleaning, scaling and polishing the surfaces of the teeth to remove the stains and deposits (calculus)

41

Root planing

the exposed root surfaces are smoothed with instruments to remove the deposits causing the irritation and inflammation

42

Amalgam restoration

silver filling made by mixing an alloy of silver, tin, copper and zinc with mercury; used for fillings in posterior (back) teeth

43

Composite resin

tooth-colored plastic with silica particles as a filler; may be cured with a light or chemical catalyst; primarily used for restoring front teeth.

44

Veneers

partial crowns, done on front teeth where a thin layer of enamel is removed from the front surface (labial) and a thin layer of porcelain or plastic is bonded to the tooth.

45

Cast restorations

used when the tooth has such a large cavity or fracture that it needs additional strength for support