Flashcards in Basic Dental Terminology Deck (45)
portion of the tooth that occludes or the grinding surface
edge of front tooth used for cutting off food
Dent- or Odont-
person who treats or does the procedure
inflammation of the tissues around the tooth
tissue inside the tooth containing the nerve, blood vessels and cells that repair the tooth to protect it from approaching caries by forming a layer of dentin.
inflammation of the nerve
refers to bone
surgery involving manipulation of bone
tip or point
around the point (root tip)
film that shows the end of the root
a film that has a tab (wing) on the side to bite on when taken
limited to treatment of children, including special problems (handicapped, behavior problems, extensive dental disease in the young)
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
mainly do extensive surgical extractions (e.g., impacted wisdom teeth), treat fractured jaws and perform surgical procedures involving the jaws and teeth
fit braces for malocclusions (crooked teeth)
treat diseases of the gums and bone (supporting tissues) - surgical procedures/scaling and root planing
(Prosthetic appliances are artificial replacements for body parts.) Provide dentures, implants, fixed bridges, extensive reconstruction with crowns, etc.
specialize in diagnosis of diseases and abnormalities by clinical examinations and analysis of biopsies or laboratory tests
treat problems with the pulp, root canals and perform surgery of the tissues around the end the roots (periapical).
upper jaw bone
lower jaw bone
he horseshoe (U)-shaped arrangement of the teeth and bone
upper teeth and bone around the teeth
lower teeth and bone
area divided in fourths. For dentistry, the mouth is divided in the midline between the two central incisors and separated between the upper and lower arches for descriptive purposes
Upper right quadrant
teeth and bone in patient's upper right segment. Right and left always refers to the patient's right or left. Abbreviations refer to upper right, upper left, lower left and lower right (UR, UL, LL, LR)
one of the four upper or lower front teeth that have an edge versus apoint and used for incising food (cutting it off)
pointed tooth at corners of each arch; also called canine because dogs have large cuspids or eye teeth because root is long and apex of the root is under the eye
has two cusps, there are two bicuspids on each side of each arch
teeth in front of molars (just another name for bicuspids)
multiple cusp teeth used for grinding food. There are three permanent molars in each quadrant.
decompose or come apart
localized infection that can spread
cleaning, scaling and polishing the surfaces of the teeth to remove the stains and deposits (calculus)
the exposed root surfaces are smoothed with instruments to remove the deposits causing the irritation and inflammation
silver filling made by mixing an alloy of silver, tin, copper and zinc with mercury; used for fillings in posterior (back) teeth
tooth-colored plastic with silica particles as a filler; may be cured with a light or chemical catalyst; primarily used for restoring front teeth.
partial crowns, done on front teeth where a thin layer of enamel is removed from the front surface (labial) and a thin layer of porcelain or plastic is bonded to the tooth.