Digestive System Flashcards Preview

CoreCHI Medical Written Exam > Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (13)
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1

Esophagus

Tube that carries food from mouth to stomach

2

Stomach

Internal organ where major part of digestion of food takes place

3

Epiglottis

Flap of skin controlled by the brain. Can open and close and is able to prevent food from entering the trachea by mistake

4

Trachea

Also called windpipe, is a tube that carries air to the lungs

5

Small intestine

Where food enters after leaving the stomach. Adds more digestive enzymes that aid the body in breaking down and absorbing nutrients

6

Duodenum

First part of small intestine immediately beyond the stomach, where juices from liver and pancreas are added

7

Large intestine

Commonly referred to as the "bowel." Where waste travels and leaves the body

8

Liver

Largest internal organ in the body. Carries out many complex jobs related to controlling what is in the blood

9

Bile

Digestive juice produced by the liver,

10

Gallbladder

A sac that empties bile into the small intestine to help break down fatty foods.

11

Cirrhosis

scarring of the liver

12

Gastroenteritis

inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria, or parasites

13

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver