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Flashcards in Beer Basics Deck (41)
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1
Q

What are the main characteristics to taste for in a beer?

A
  1. maltiness
  2. hoppiness (bitterness)
  3. fruitiness
2
Q

What is malt?

A

Fermented cereal grains such as wheat and barley

3
Q

What are the two principal types of beer?

A

Ales and Lagers

4
Q

What are the main attributes of an ale?

A
  • Made with “top-fermenting” strains of yeast
  • Ferments best at warmer temperatures, which leads to faster fermentation
  • Has more hops, malt, and roasted malt
  • Bitterness
5
Q

What are the main attributes of a lager?

A
  • Made with “bottom-fermenting” strains of yeast, which sink to the bottom of the tank
  • Ferments best at colder temperatures
  • Mild, crisp taste
6
Q

The following are examples of what variety of beer?

  • Barley Wine
  • Porter
  • Stout
  • Wheat Beer
A

Ale

7
Q

The following are examples of what variety of beer?

  • Bock
  • Dunkel
  • Oktoberfest / Märzen
  • Pilsner
A

Lager

8
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

American Light Lager

A
  • subtle, lean, and crisp taste
  • e.g., Budweiser, Bock
9
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

American Light (Generic Pale Ale)

A
  • hoppiness
  • (medium) light-bodied
  • e.g., Sierra Nevada Pale Ale
10
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Bock

A
  • full-bodied lager
  • strong, malty flavor
  • e.g., Shiner Bock
11
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Pilsner

A
  • light to medium-bodied lager
  • hoppy, dry flavor
  • e.g., Brooklyn Pilsner
12
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Barleywine

A
  • very full-bodied ale
  • strong flavor
  • distinct hoppiness
  • e.g., Bass No. 1 Barley Wine
13
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Bitter Beer

A
  • bitter ale
  • hoppy
  • e.g., most British IPAs (Indian pale ales)
14
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Cream Ale

A
  • light in body and color
  • mild
  • high level of carbonation
  • very little hop flavor
  • e.g., Six Point Sweet Action
15
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Indian Pale Ale

A
  • very hoppy amber beer
  • medium-bodied
  • e.g., Fuller’s Indian Pale Ale (IPA)
16
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Porter

A
  • medium-bodied, dark ale
  • dry
  • roasted malt
  • e.g., Anchor Porter
17
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Scottish Ale

A
  • full-bodied and dark
  • strong
  • sweet
  • malt aroma and flavor
  • e.g., MacAndrew’s Scotch Ale
18
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Stout

A
  • full-bodied, very dark ale
  • roasted flavor
  • e.g., Guinness
19
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Witbier

A
  • fruity ale
  • pale and cloudy with medium body
  • malt
  • hops
  • e.g., Blue Moon Belgian-style White Ale
20
Q

What should you taste for in the following beer?

Hefeweizen

A
  • typically fruity ale
  • unfiltered wheat beer
  • light in color and body
  • banana
  • vanilla
  • e.g., Franziskaner
21
Q

What is the right temperature at which to serve light beer and lager?

A

46 degrees Fahrenheit or lower; well chilled

22
Q

What is the right temperature at which to serve dark lager and wheat beer?

A

About 50 degrees Fahrenheit; lightly chilled

23
Q

What is the right temperature at which to serve ales, stouts, and porters?

A

53-57 degrees Fahrenheit; cellar temperature

24
Q

What is the right temperature at which to serve very dark, strong beers?

A

58-62 degrees Fahrenheit; room temperature

25
Q

What distinguishes a light beer from regular beers?

A

Lower alcohol content and less calories

26
Q

In which country did Oktoberfest, an annual beer celebration, originate?

A

Germany

27
Q

What is the world’s approximate ratio of beer sales to wine and liquor sales?

A

7 to 1

Beer is the most popular alcoholic beverage in the world

28
Q

What is the oldest trademark in history?

A

The Bass symbol, a red triangle registered in 1876

29
Q

Which country has the most breweries in the world?

A

The United States, with over 1,400 breweries

30
Q

When was beer first mentioned in recorded history?

A

6,000 B.C.

Beer is documented on stone tablets in Sumeria and Babylonia, where it was prepared for sacrificial purposes.

31
Q

How did ancient Babylonians regulate beer quality?

A

They drowned unfit brewers in their own beer

32
Q

When was beer first bottled?

A

1850

33
Q

True or false: the Pilgrims’ landing on Plymouth Rock had something to do with beer.

A

TRUE

According to the Mayflower’s log, the crew settled on Plymouth Rock because they didn’t want to dip any further into their beer supply while looking for a better site
Upon their arrival, they immediately built a common house, which included a brewery

34
Q

On what day is the largest quantity of beer consumed in the United States?

A

The Fourth of July

35
Q

What brewery created the first six-pack of beer?

A

The Pabst Brewery

In the 1940s, the brewery conducted numerous studies and found six cans were the ideal weight for the average housewife to carry home from the store

36
Q

Which countries consume the most beer per capita?

A
  • Czech Republic (156.9 liters a year)
  • Ireland (131.1 liters a year)
  • Germany (115.8 liters a year)
  • Australia (109.9 liters a year)
  • Austria (108.3 liters a year)
37
Q

What are a few examples of lager variations?

A
  • Pilseners
  • Bocks
  • Dopplebocks
38
Q

Which type of beer is most similar to white wine?

A

Lager

Light and crisp on palate

39
Q

Which type of beer is most similar to red wine?

A

Ale

Complex, diverse, and fruity with a fuller body

40
Q

What are some brands of domestic beer?

A
  • Budweiser
  • Coors
  • Samuel Adams
41
Q

What are some brands of imported beer?

A
  • Amstel (Holland)
  • Corona (Mexico)
  • Guinness (England/Ireland)