Before the first Global Age Flashcards Preview

Seventh Grade Social Studies > Before the first Global Age > Flashcards

Flashcards in Before the first Global Age Deck (32):
1

Define glacier.

Thick sheet of ice.

2

According to scientists, how did the first people reach the Americas?

They crossed a land bridge that joined Asia and North America.

3

Define culture.

A way of life shared by a group of people.

4

How did the early people adapt to the desert in the Southwest?

They dug networks of irrigation ditches so that they could farm the land.

5

Define primary source.

Firsthand information about people or events.

6

What are some examples of a primary source?

Official documents, diaries, letters, autobiographies, photographs, videotape

7

Define secondary source.

An account provided after the fact by people who did not directly witness or participate in the event.

8

What are some examples of a secondary source?

Textbook, Encyclopedia, biographies, or books and articles written by historians.

9

Define artifact.

Objects made by humans.

10

What are some examples of artifacts?

Stone tools, weapons, baskets, carvings

11

Define Archaeology.

The study of evidence left by early people in order to find out about their way of life.

12

Define economics.

The study of how people manage their limited resources to satisfy their wants and needs.

13

Define anthropology.

The study of how people and cultures develop.

14

Which group of people lived in a Longhouse?

Iroquois

15

Why did different Native American cultures developed in North America?

A variety of environmental conditions existed throughout the region

16

How do archaeologists contribute to historical knowledge?

They explain how culture used objects (artifacts)

17

Define bias.

Leaning toward or against a certain person, group, or idea.

18

How were the Aztec, Maya, and Incas similar?

Had developed advanced civilizations before the arrival of Columbus.

19

Define climate.

Average weather of a place over a period of 20 to 30 years.

20

Which states have tropical climates?

Florida and Hawaii

21

Which state has a tundra and subarctic climate?

Alaska

22

Who had the most political power among the Iroquois people?

Women

23

Which region features Plateaus, canyons, deserts?

Intermountain

24

Which region features Rain forests, volcanic action?

Hawaiian Islands

25

Which region features Low, rounded mountain tops?

Appalachian Mountains

26

Which region features Lowlands, fertile soil?

Interior Plains

27

Which region features High, rugged mountain peaks?

Rocky Mountain

28

How did Native Americans in different culture areas meet their needs for food, clothing, and shelter?

By hunting, gathering, fishing, farming, and trading for goods with other tribes.

29

What did the Eastern Woodland people form to help end fighting and form an alliance?

The League of Iroquois

30

What is one belief that most Native Americans share?

A deep respect for nature.

31

Which Native American group lived in Tepees?

The Plains people

32

Which Native American group lived in Long Houses?

Eastern Woodland people or Iroquois