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Seventh Grade Social Studies > Civics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Civics Deck (32):
1

How long does a member the House of Representatives serve for in one term?

Two years

2

How long does a Senator serve for in one term?

Six years

3

According to the Preamble, where does the government get its power from?

The people

4

Define preamble.

The opening statement of the Constitution.

5

Define checks and balances.

A principle of the U.S. Constitution that gives each branch of government the power to check the other branches.

6

Define federalism.

Division of power between the federal government and the states.

7

Define articles.

The main body of the Constitution, which establishes the framework for the United States government.

8

What is the function of the Article, or main body, of the Constitution?

To establish the framework of the government

9

How can the Constitution be changed?

By adding an amendment.

10

Define electoral college.

Group of electors from every state who meet every four years to vote for the President and Vice President of the United States.

11

What is the purpose of the Executive Branch?

Carry out the laws and run the affairs of the National Government.

12

How did the 26th Amendment change the legal age for voting?

Lowered it from 21 to 18

13

Which provision was included in the United States Constitution to allow it to adapt to changing times?

an amendment process

14

What is the function of the Article, or main body, of the Constitution?

To establish the framework of the government

15

Why does the Constitution contain a Preamble?

To set forth the goals of the Constitution

16

How many Senators does each state have?

2

17

Who is the Commander in Chief of the United States military?

President of the United States

18

How long do members of the Supreme Court serve for?

Life

19

What is included in the Legislative Branch?

The House of Representatives and the Senate.

20

Why were the first ten Amendments added to the Constitution?

To protect individual freedoms from governmental power

21

Define electoral college.

Group of electors from every state who meet every four years to vote for the President and Vice President of the U.S.

22

Define general welfare.

The well-being of all its citizens.

23

Define liberty

Freedom

24

What are the six goals of the U.S. Constitution?

Form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty.

25

What system is established in Articles I, II, and III of the Constitution?

Division of the national government into three branches- legislative, executive, and judicial-with each branch able to check or limit the actions of the other two branches.

26

The amount of people in the House of Representatives depends on...

a states population.

27

Define bill.

A proposal that may be introduced in either the House or the Senate.

28

Define veto.

To reject, as when the President rejects a law passed by Congress.

29

What power is given to Congress?

The power to make laws.

30

What is one way the President can check the power of Congress?

By vetoing laws.

31

What is one way Congress can check the power of the President?

By impeaching him/her.

32

Define impeach.

Bring charges of serious wrong doing against a public official such as the President of the United States.