Behavioral Therapy Flashcards Preview

EDC 571 > Behavioral Therapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Behavioral Therapy Deck (11):
1

Focuses on...

- observable behaviors
- learning that promotes change
- assessment/evaulation

2

Four Areas of Development

1. Classical Conditioning
2. Operant Conditioning
3. Social Learning Approach
4. Cognitive Behavior Therapy

3

1. Classical Conditioning

In classical conditioning certain respondent behaviors, such as knee jerks and salivation, are elicited from a passive organism
Example: Pavlov’s dogs and the bell

4

2. Operant Conditioning

Behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them

5

3. Social Learning Approach

(learning from your environment)
Example: A child watches an older sibling tie his shoe and then learns to do it herself.

6

4. Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Emphasizes cognitive processes such as a client’s self-talk, beliefs, values as mediators of behavior change
-what people believe influences how they act and feel

7

Key Characteristics

-help people change maladaptive behaviors
-deal with clients current issues and factors that influence them

8

Goals

clear/concrete objective terms
both short and long term- specific
clients actively participate in creating goals
realistic and measurable

9

Clients are encouraged to...

provide feedback through session
participate in role plays

10

Operant Conditioning Techniques

Positive reinforcement
Negative reinforcement
Extinction
Positive punishment - The addition of a noxious or aversive stimulus that leads to a decrease in a specific behavior
Negative punishment - The removal of a pleasant stimulus that leads to a decrease in a specific behavior
*Reinforcement INCREASES response*
*Punishment DECREASES response*

11

Extinction

ceasing of a behavior because it is not reinforced