Berlin,Cuba&Czechoslovakia Flashcards Preview

GCSE History - Cold War > Berlin,Cuba&Czechoslovakia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Berlin,Cuba&Czechoslovakia Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...

What happened at Geneva Summit

No solution to the problem was agreed


When was Camp David and what happened

September 1959
Khrushchev withdrawed his ultimatum decided on another meeting


When was the Paris summit and what happened

May 1960
Khrushchev walked out of the meeting in protest because he caught an American spy plane over Russia and Eisenhower didn't apologise


When was the Vienna conference and what happened

June 1961
Khrushchev put his ultimatum back on because Kennedy was the new president and he looked weak, but niether leader backed down


When was the Berlin wall built

12 August 1961


Impacts of the Berlin Wall

It stopped East Germans escaping to the west and ended the refugee crisis
It allowed Khrushchev to avoid war with USA while still appearing strong
It became a powerful symbol of the division of germany and Europe


What's the Cuban revolution and what happened

Castro went to the USA but Eisenhower refused to see him
Castro took he land that USA wouldn't take payment for
Castro took a deal to sell USSRs sugar and buy their oil
USA banned all trade with Cuba, this meant Cuba formed an alliance with USSR


What happened at the bay of pigs

The cia painted American planes to make them look local, the Americans missed their target in Cuba however
Cuban exiles landed At the coast of the bay of pigs but all their equipment got ruined as there was very bad weather
Over 24 hours Castro ordered 20000 troops to advance to the beach, USA fought back but the backup was an hour late because they got confused
Some exiles escaped to the sea while the rest were killed or imprisoned
They remained in prison for 20months and eventually Castro gave them back for $63million worth of baby food no medicine
Dec 23rd there was a ceremony to remember the people who died


When was the bay of pigs

April 15th 1961


When was the thirteen days Cuba missile crisis

14th October 1962 - 27th October 1962


5 key events of the thirteen days

Us spy planes photographed nuclear missile launchers on Cuba
Kennedy set up a special committee called ex-comm to advise him
Us ships will blockade Cuba by stopping any soviet ships entering Cuba and searching the for missiles
Kennedy puts us forces on def con level 2, this is where it has been closest to war
Troops are assembled on the coast of Florida, Kennedy receives a letter from Khrushchev saying is missiles on Cuba are purely defensive
Khrushchev says he will only remove his missiles if USA remove there's from turkey
Kennedy ignored Khrushchevs second letter and replies positively to the first


Consequences of the Cuban missile crisis

Short term: hotline, immediate contact between USA and USSR and limited test ban treaty was USA and USSR banning all testing of Nuclear weapons in space sea and above ground.
Long term: soviets were trying to catch up with USA in the arms race, French left NATO they didn't wan pt to get involved in a war


Reforms of the Prague Spring

A relaxation of press censorship
The legalisTion of political opposition groups
Official government toleration of political criticism
More power given to regional government
More powerf fiche. To Czech parliament
The reintroduction of apitalist element into Czech economy (market socialism)


When was the Geneva Summit

May 1959


What did Brezhnev do in result of Dubceks actions?

He couldn't allow the reforms because he couldn't allow weakness in the Warsaw Pact. In 1968 the USSR sent tanks to Prague and Dubcek was arrested and Czechoslovakia was back being under soviet control


When did Dubcek come into power and create the Prague Spring?

Jan 1968


What were the consequences of the Brezhnev Doctrine

The USSR could now invade any country in the Eastern Bloc that was threatening the eastern bloc
USA condemned the invasion and did nothing to stop it cause they didn't want another war
Western European communist parties were horrified and declared themselves independent from the soviet communist party