Biochem 2 Final--Vitamins Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biochem 2 Final--Vitamins Deck (51)
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1

What is the street name for B1

Thiamine

2

What is the coenzyme form of B1

TPP

3

What is the general role of B1

Oxidative decarboxylation
decarboxylase enzyme

4

What are the deficiencies associated with B1

Beri-Beri
Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome

5

What is the street name for B2

Riboflavin

6

What is the coenzyme form of B2

FAD and FMN

7

What is the general role of B2

oxidation-reduction and dehydrogenase enzyme

8

What is the deficiencies associated with B2

Angular stomatis, corneal vascularization and cheilosis

9

What is the coenzyme form of B3

NAD+
NADP+

10

What is the general role of B3

Vasodilator, Glycolysis, KC, electron carrier, H+

11

What are the deficiencies associated with B3

Pellegra (Dementia, Dermatitis, Diarrhea)

12

What is the street name for B5

Panthothenate

13

What is the coenzyme form of B5

Coenzyme A

14

What is the general role of B5

activation rxn and acyl carrier (acetyl-coa fat synthesis)

15

What deficiencies are associated with B5

rare--present in most food

16

What is the street name of B6

Pyroxidine

17

What is the coenzyme form of B6

PLP
PMP

18

What is the general role of B6

Transamination, decarboxylations, deaminations
(glu -> Gaba, Trp -> serotonin, Gly - heme)

19

What are the deficiencies associated with B6

seizures
anemia
neuropathies
seborrheic derm

20

What is the street name of B7

Biotin

21

What is the coenzyme form of B7

Biotin

22

What is the general role for B7

transfer CO2
carboxylase enzymes

23

What conditions are associated with B7

dermatitis and enteritis

24

What is the street name for B9

Folate

25

What is the coenzyme form of B9

THF

26

What is the general role of B9

one carbon transfer
maturation of RBC
AA interconversion
purine/pyrimidine synth

27

What conditions are associated with B9

megaloblastic anemia (enlarged cells die in bone marrow)

28

What is the street name of B12

cobalamin

29

What is the coenzyme form of B12

2 methyl cobalamine
deoxyadenosyl

30

What is the general role of B12

one carbon transfer
isomerization of methyl malonyl
CoA to succinyl CoA
Maturation of RBC