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Flashcards in Biology Lab Deck (73):
1

Cardio

Heart

2

Crani

Skull

3

Hist

Tissue

4

Lipo

Fat

5

Hem, hemat

Blood

6

Endo

Inside

7

Asis, esis, osis

Condition of or state of

8

Micro

Small

9

Neo

New

10

Uria

Urine

11

Cid, cide, cis

Cut, kill, destroy

12

Derma

Skin

13

Nephro

Kidney

14

Py

Pus

15

Poly

Lots of

16

Superior

Upper position

17

Inferior

Lower position

18

Anterior

Towards the front

19

Posterior

Towards the back

20

Ventral

Belly side

21

Dorsal

Back side

22

Midline

An imaginary line through the middle of the body

23

Medial

Towards the midline

24

Lateral

Away from the midline

25

Distal

Away from the origin or point of attachment to the body

26

Proximal

Toward the origin or point of attachment to the body

27

Sagittal

An imaginary vertical plane dividing the body left into right sides or parts

28

Transversal plane

An imaginary horizontal line from left to right that divides the body into superior and inferior parts

29

Coronal plane

An imaginary vertical line dividing the body into anterior and posterior parts

30

Otomi

Surgical opening

31

What is oscillatoria

Filamentous Cyanobacteria, forms long chains of cells that appear to be stacked

32

What does the word arrangement describe when talking about bacteria?

How it joins together strepto in the chain, staphylo in a cluster

33

What are some tools used to culture bacteria in the lab

Petri dish or an auger

34

What domain do bacteria belong to

Prokaryote

35

How do you prokaryotes reproduce

Through a sexual reproduction call binary fission

36

What is the method of preservation of specimens called where acid-free paper is used in the specimen is press down on that often for a paper

Herbarium amount

37

What domain does Protista belong to

Eukaryotic

38

What Characteristic do all protist to share

Eukaryotic,true nucleus, membrane bound organelles

39

What phylum do amoebozoans belong to

Rhizapoda

40

Where do amoebozoans live and how do they locomote

Fresh and marine water, pseudopod

41

How do dinoflagellates move

Flagella

42

Name to diseases that were discussed in lab that are caused by protist nine the protist and the disease that they cause

Dinoflagellates cause paralytic shellfish poisoning
trypanosome causes African sleeping sickness

43

Name three ways protist move

Flagella,cilia,and pseudopods

44

Name three ways diatoms can be used

Used as a filter mediums,added to polishes and organic gardening

45

What gives diatoms their glass like structure

Large amounts of silica

46

Another way you can recognize dinoflagellates

Posterior flagella and the transverse groove

47

What phylum does trypansoma belong to

Kinetoplastids

48

What phylum do paramecium belong to

Ciliates

49

How do cilia eat

By sweeping bacteria or other food into the oral groove

50

What phylum do the volvox belong to

Archaeaplastida

51

What is a lichen

A symbolic relationship between a fungi and a single celled photosynthetic partner

52

What types of Lichens did you look at in lab

Fruitose, folios and Crustos

53

What is mycorrhizae

A symbiotic relationship that increases the ability of the root to take up water as well as in organic nutrients

54

Name three important differences between fungi and plants

Fungi do not contain cellulose fungi
breakdown decaying material
they have mycelium instead of roots

55

Name three basidiomycota

Mushroom
Earth star
Puffball

56

What division or phylum is rhizopus under where is it found

Zygomycota, it's a bread mold

57

Aspergillis and penicillium is found in what division or phylum

Dematophytes

58

Two uses for penicillium

Penicillin and to flavor cheese

59

Three types of ascomyota

Yeast
Truffles
Morels

60

For Ways fungi are harmful to man or his crops

Farmers lung toxins in food fungal infections and yeast infections

61

How many eye wash stations are there in lab

Two

62

Where is the fire extinguisher

On the wall by the door

63

Total magnification on low power

10x

64

Total mag on high power

40x

65

Scanning objective

4x

66

Where do we put rasor blades

Sharps container

67

Four major tissues

Epithelial
Connective
muscle
nervous

68

Purpose of epithelial tissue

Prevent water loss
Prevent bacterial viral and fungal infections,
secretion sweat oil acids and enzymes
absorption

69

Shapes of epithelial tissue

Squamous flat fried egg look
cuboidal cube shaped
columnar tall thin

70

Function of connective tissue

Structural support example bone
protection example fat cell
connection example tendons

71

Types of connective tissue

Blood
bone
cartilage
adipose
loose connective tissue
fibrous connective tissue

72

Types of muscle tissue

Skeletal muscle striated muscle usually voluntary muscle
smooth muscle blood vessels organs
cardiac muscle striated branched allows one disc to talk to another

73

Parts of the neuron

Dendrites
Axon
Schwan cells