Biology Lab Final Flashcards Preview

Biology Lab > Biology Lab Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biology Lab Final Deck (60):
0

Upper body

Scapula. Glenoid fossa. Humerus. Radius. Ulna. Hands. clavicle

1

Lower body

Pelvic girdle-acetabulum

2

Scapula

Shoulder

3

Glenoid fossa

Socket where arm enters

4

Radius

Leads to thumb

5

Humerus

Upper arm bone

6

Ulna

Extends past humerus (elbow)

7

Hands

Carpal bones- bones of wrist
Metacarpals - bones of hand
Phalanges- bones of fingers

8

Acetabulum

Socket for leg bone

9

Femur

Longest bone, upper leg

10

Tibia

Large (thick ) bone that is your leg

11

Fibula

Small thin bone on the side of leg

12

Patella

Knee

13

Talus

Ankle bone

14

Calcareous

Heel bone

15

Tarsals

5 other ankle bones

16

Humans have 4 types of teeth

2 incisors 1 canine 2 premolar 3 molar

17

Vertebrae. Cervical. Neck.
2 parts are

Atlas- nodding
Axis- turning

18

Other parts of the vertebrae

Thoracic-12 vertebrae
Lumbar- 5 vertebrae
Sacrum- 5 fused
Caudal- tail in animal

19

True ribs

1st 7 pairs of ribs- attached to sternum by cartilage

20

False ribs

Next 5 ribs- cartilage attaches to 7th rib

21

Types of tissues

Epithelial - connective- muscular - nervous

22

Muscular tissue

Skeletal muscle- smooth muscle- cardiac muscle

23

Nervous tissue- 3 functions

Sensory input- data integration- motor input

24

The term nares is another word for

Nostrils

25

Movement of food Down esophagus into stomach is called

Peristalsis

26

Muscle that divides the thoracic and abdominal cavity is the

Diaphragm

27

The small protrusion beneath the tail that extends from a triangular swelling that indicates if the pig is a female is called

Uragenerial pupil

28

Cardiovascular system

Heart. Blood. Blood vessels

29

Four steps of cellular respiration

Gylcolisys
Transition reaction
Citric acid cycle or Krebs cycle
Electron transport chain

30

Anaerobic

Refers to a condition when oxygen isn't present

31

What was NaF and MgSO4 where used for in the experiment?

NaF- inhibitor (stops) glycolysis
MgSO4 - speeds up glycolysis

32

In yeast, fermentation results in the production of

Ethanol & CO2

33

Basic volume of science

Liter

34

Place the following prefixes in order from smallest to largest:
Deci, micro, deca, kilo, milli

Micro, milli, deci, deca, kilo

35

Metabolism

Are all of the chemical reactions in the cell

36

The specificity of an enzyme to its substrate is likened to a

Lock and key

37

Sucrase

Is an enzyme

38

Sucrose

Is a substrate

39

Briefly describe how temperatures affects enzyme function and the rate of a reaction

Cold temperature- slows down the reaction. Enzyme moves slow
Higher temperature - enzyme will move faster.
If it gets to hot the enzyme will be destroyed and there will be no reaction

40

Enzymes are used -

so a cell or molecule do not need to use to much energy. If an enzyme is not present a reaction can still occur. A reaction just needs energy to happen.

41

4 Biological molecules

Lipids- carbohydrates- proteins - nucleic acid

42

Diffusion

The movement of particles from areas if High concentration to low concentration

43

Osmosis

The movement of water molecules through a membrane from areas of high concentration to low concentration

44

5 stages of mitosis

Prophase- pro metaphase - metaphase - anaphase- telophase

45

Cytokinesis

Division of the cell and cytoplasm into halves, each half containing a nucleus

46

Centromere

Location in a chromosome where two chromatids attach

47

Thalykoid

Location in the chloroplast where the light reaction occurs

48

Stroma

The location in the chloroplast where the Calvin cycle occurs.

49

Cerebrum

Composed of white matter
Motor commands
Ensures that the proper muscle groups are either activities or inhibited

50

Cerebellum

Largest portion of hind brain
Recovers sensory input from the eyes, ears, joints and muscles.
Sends motor impulses out the brain stem to the skeletal muscles

51

Brain stem

-Contains the midbrain, the pons and the medulla oblongata.
-Midbrain- passes between cerebrum and spinal cord or cerebellum
-pons- helps regulate breathing and head movements
Medulla oblongata- contains reflex centers for vomiting, coughing, sneezing, hiccuping and swallowing

52

Chemoreceptors

Sensory receptors responsible for taste and smell.

53

Photoreceptors

Sensory receptors that are sensitive to light

54

Retina - inner layers

Contains photoreceptors called rod cells and come cells

55

Choroid- thin middle layer

Contains blood vessels. Infrint of the eye, the choroid thickens to form the ciliary body and the iris

56

Outer ear

Pinnacle and auditory canal

57

Photosynthesis

Takes place in the green portions of plants. Captures solar energy. Uses sunlight to produce carbohydrate. Process requires sunlight, carbon dioxide and water and produces oxygen

58

Three basic shapes of bacteria

Spherical coccyx, rod-shaped bacillus and spiral spirillum rigid or spirochete flexible

59

Eukaryotic cells

Protists, fungi, plants and animals.
Contain organelles.