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Flashcards in Bioloigy Deck (13):
1

What are the steps of selective breeding ?

1.decide which characteristics are important
2.choose parents that show these characteristics
3.select the best offspring from parents to breed the next generation
4.repeat the process continuously

2

Examples of selective breeding ...

Wheat,dairy cattle and cattle breeds

3

Selective breeding defo -

The process of humans using animals and plants to breed and develop particular phenotype traits

4

Genetic engineering examples ...

Banana vaccine,flame savr tomato,venomous cabbage,aqaua advantagesalmon, glo fish, spider goat ,golden rice,super spuds

5

What is insulin used for ?

To control blood sugar levels of people with diabetes

6

What is the structure of an animal cell

Nucleus
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Mitochondria

7

What is the structure of a plant cell

Cell wall
Chloroplasts
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Vacuole
Cytoplasm

8

What are the differences between animal and plant cells

Vacuole -plant cell
Cell wall
Chloroplasts

9

What is the structure of a bacteria cell

Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Cell wall
Circular strand of dna
Plasmid

10

What is meant by the process of differention

The process by which a cell changes to become specialised at its job

11

Diffusion

When a substance moves from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

12

How does a vaccine make you amine from disease

Injected with an antibody of the disease this trains white blood cells to defend it

13

How are stem cells useful

They help treat Parkinson’s disease
- bone and spinal injury
-organ failure