BL Session 3 - Anatomical Terminology Flashcards Preview

Body Logistics > BL Session 3 - Anatomical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in BL Session 3 - Anatomical Terminology Deck (37)
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1

Describe anatomical position

- Standing in upright position
- Eyes forward
- Feet parallel and close together
- Arms at the sides of the body
- Palms facing forward

2

Define medial.

Refers to a location/position toward the midline

3

Define lateral.

Refers to a location/position farther from the midline

4

Define anterior.

Refers to the front of the body / a position closer to the front
Synonym: ventral (animals

5

Define posterior.

Refers to the back of the body / to a position more toward the back.
Synonym: dorsal (animals)

6

Define distal.

- Used to describe locations on the extremities
- Refers to a position / location away from the trunk

7

Define proximal.

- Used to describe locations on the extremities
- Refers to a position / location toward the trunk

8

Define superior.

- Indicates the location of a body part that is above another
- Refers to the upper surface of an organ / structure

9

Define inferior.

- Indicates a body part below another
- Refers to the lower surface of an organ or a structure

10

Define superficial and deep.

- Relative term
- Refers to depth
E.g. The epidermis is superficial to the dermis

11

Define supine.

- Describes the body position while lying flat.
- When supine, the person is lying straight, with the face / anterior surface pointed upward.

12

Define prone.

- Describes the body position while lying flat.
- When prone, the person is horizontal, with the face / anterior surface pointed down.

13

Define bilateral.

Refers to two, both, sides.

14

Define contralateral.

Refers to the opposite side of the body.

15

Define ipsilateral.

Refers to the same side of the body

16

Mention the segments of the body.

- Upper extremity (arm, forearm, hand)
- Lower extremity (thigh, leg, foot)
- The trunk (thorax and abdomen)
- The neck (cervical vertebrae)
- The head (skull)

17

Describe flexion.

- The bending movement of one bone on another, bring two segments together.
- Causes a decrease in the joint angle

18

Describe extension.

- Opposite to flexion, it is the straightening movement of one bone away from another
- Increases the joint angle
- The motion usually returns the body part to anatomical position after it has been flexed

19

Describe hyperextension.

The continuation of extension beyond anatomical position.

20

Define dorsiflexion.

Extension at the wrist and ankle joints

21

Define palmar flexion.

Flexion at the wrist.

22

Define plantar flexion.

Flexion at the ankle.

23

Define abduction.

Movement away from the midline of the body.

24

Define adduction.

Movement toward the midline.

25

Define radial and ulnar deviation.

Terms used to refer wrist abduction and adduction.

26

Describe circumduction.

- The motion that describes a circular, cone-shaped pattern.
- Usually by the arms.

27

Define medial rotation

- Aka internal rotation
- Rotation is movement of a bone or part around its longitudinal axis

28

Define lateral rotation.

- Aka external rotation
- Rotation is movement of a bone or part around its longitudinal axis.

29

Define supination.

Rotation of the forearm back to anatomical position.

30

Define pronation.

Rotation of the forearm away from anatomical position.