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Flashcards in Block II Fill in the blank from practice test Deck (70)
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2. The middle cardiac vein drains into the coronary sinus, whereas the __________ and the venae cordis minimae drain into the right atrium.

2. anterior cardiac veins


3. The paranchyma (glandular tissue) of the mammary gland is located within the __________(layer) of the anterior chest wall overlying the serratus anterior and __________ muscles.

3. superficial fascia, pectoralis major


4. The parietal and visceral layers of the pleura are continuous at the __________ of the lung.

4. root


5. At the level of the hilus of the left lung, the descending aorta is positioned __________ to the primary bronchus.

5. posterior


6. The left, __________ and __________ lobes of the liver typically receive their primary arterial blood supply from branches of the left hepatic artery.

6. quadrate, caudate


7. The ejaculatory duct is formed by the union of the __________ and __________, and drains directly into the prostatic urethra (sinus).

7. vas deferens, seminal vesicle


8. The superior epigastric artery is one of the terminal branches of the __________artery.

8. internal thoracic


9. The __________ lymph nodes are located directly inferior to the carina.

9. inferior trachiobronchial


10. The left superior intercostal vein is typically a direct tributary of the __________

10. left brachiocephalic vein


11. With hemiparalysis of the diaphragm, the involved side __________during deep inspiration?

11. ascends


12. During an abdominal examination, the __________ of the liver is more readily palpated during deep inspiration.

12. inferior margin


13. The __________ artery, common bile duct and hepatic portal vein are all suspended within the hepatoduodenal ligament.

13. proper hepatic artery


14. The __________ (thoracic space) extends from the thoracic inlet to a plane extending from the inferior border of vertebra T4 to the sternal angle.

14. superior mediastinum


15. The __________typically extends into the anterior mediastinum in infants.

15. thymus


16. The __________ begins at the cisterna chyli and empties into the venous system at the junction of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins.

16. thoracic duct


17. The __________ duct traverses the diaphragm by passing through the aortic hiatus.

17. thoracic


18. The __________ vein is formed by the union of the right ascending lumbar, right lumbar azygos and right subcostal veins.

18. azygos


19. The uterus typically receives its blood supply from branches of the __________ (female inferior vesicle), ovarian and uterine arteries.

19. vaginal


20. In its course through the thorax, the __________ is typically constricted anteriorly by the arch of the aorta and the left main bronchus.

20. esophagus


21. The cardiac plexus, positioned between the bifurcation of the trachea and the arch of the aorta, receives axons from the cardiac and the __________ nerves.

21. vagus


22. The posterior interventricular artery is typically a direct branch of the __________.

22. right coronary artery


23. The __________ nerve typically traverses the diaphragm by piercing or passing through the crus .

23. greater splanchnic


24. In the coronary sulcus, the __________ vein is positioned adjacent to the right coronary artery.

24. small cardiac vein


25. The __________ are irregular columns of muscle in the wall of the right ventricle.

25. trabeculae carnae


26. Indirect inguinal hernias are positioned __________ to the inferior epigastric artery.

26. lateral


27. The __________ connect the rete testis with the head of the epididymis .

27. efferent ductules


28. At the superficial ring the floor of the inguinal canal is formed by the __________.

28. lacunar ligament


29. The cremaster muscle is innervated by a branch of the __________nerve.

29. genitofemoral


30. The lower portion of the esophagus typically receives its blood supply from branches of the __________ artery.

30. left gastric


31. The body of the pancreas is positioned __________to the lesser sac of the peritoneal cavity.

31. posterior


32. An important portal-systemic (caval) shunt occurs at the distal end of the rectum where tributaries of the superior rectal vein anastomosis with tributaries of the __________ veins.

32. middle (and inferior) rectal


33. A hepatic triad includes a branch of the proper hepatic artery, bile duct and __________.

33. hepatic portal vein


34. In fetal life, the ductus venosus shunts placental blood from the umbilical vein to the __________.

34. inferior vena cava


35. The ventral mesentery includes the falciform, hepatogastric and __________ligaments.

35. hepatoduodenal


36. The left kidney is typically positioned adjacent to the diaphragm, psoas major, __________ and quadratus lumborum muscles.

36. transversus abdominis


37. The tail of the __________ is positioned between the layers of the lienorenal ligament (a peritoneal fold).

37. pancreas


38. The omental foramen is positioned directly posterior to the __________ vein.

38. hepatic portal


39. The lateral umbilical ligament is a peritoneal fold surrounding the __________.

39. inferior epigastric artery


40. The splenic artery is positioned in part between the layers of the __________ ligament.

40. lienorenal


41. The gastroduodenal artery passes __________ to the duodenum prior to branching into the right gastroepiploic and superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.

41. posterior


42. The peripheral aspect of the __________ overlying the superior surface of the diaphragm receives its sensory innervation from the intercostal nerves.

42. pleura


43. The glans of the penis receives its sensory innervation from the dorsal nerve of the penis, one of the terminal branches of the __________ nerve.

43. pudendal


44. The __________segments of the duodenum are all retroperitoneal structures.

44. 2nd - 4th


45. The inferior vena cava is positioned __________ to the duodenum.

45. posterior


46. The convex surface of the spleen is in contact with the peritoneum covering the inferior surface of the __________.

46. diaphragm


47. The sigmoid arteries are typically branches of the __________.

47. inferior mesenteric artery


48. The bulbospongiosus muscle and the __________ sphinchter both attach in part to the perineal body.

48. external anal


49. The lymphatics of the posterior abdominal wall typically drain directly into the __________ lymph nodes.

49. retroaortic


50. The tips of the renal papillae drain urine into the __________ of the kidneys.

50. minor calyces


51. The left testicular vein is typically a direct branch of the __________.

51. left renal vein


52. The left ureter typically passes directly __________(position) to the common iliac vein.

52. anterior


53.The __________ forms the inferior border of the deep space or urogenital diaphragm.

53. perineal membrane


54. The left inferior suprarenal artery is typically a direct branch of the__________.

54. left renal artery


55. The crura of the penis are attached to the__________ of the bony pelvis.

55. ischiopubic ramus


56. The lymphatics of the testes drain directly into the __________ nodes.

56. lateral aortic


57. The external anal sphinchter is innervated in part by the __________ nerve, a branch of the pudendal nerve.

57. inferior rectal


58. The __________, cremasteric and deferent arteries are all located in part within the spermatic cord.

58. testicular


59. The anterior recess of the __________ is positioned between the urogenital and pelvic diaphragms.

59. ischiorectal fossa


60. The rectouterine pouch is positioned directly __________ to the posterior fornix of the vagina.

60. posterior


61. Adjacent to the cervix, the uterine artery typically anastomses with branches of the __________ artery.

61. vaginal


62. The __________ fascia is continuous with the fascia of the external oblique muscle.

62. external spermatic


63. The __________ orifice and the orifices of the ureters are positioned at the angles of the trigone of the bladder.

63. internal urethral


64. In the female, the superficial transverse perineus muscle extends from the ischial tuberosity to the __________.

64. perineal body (central tendon)


65. During an episiotomy it may be necessary to block multiple nerves because the female perineum receives its sensory innervation from branches of the genitofemoral, ilioinguinal,__________and posterior femoral cutaneous nerves.

65. pudendal


66. The levator ani muscle attaches in part to the tendinous arch, a thickening of the fascia of the __________ muscle.

66. obturator internus


67. The sphincter urethrae and__________ muscles are both positioned in the deep perineal space.

67. deep transverse perineus


3. The _________ (glandular tissue) of the mammary gland is located within the __________(layer) of the anterior chest wall overlying the __________ and __________ muscles.

paranchyma, serratus anterior, pectoralis major


9. The inferior tracheobronchial lymph nodes are located directly inferior to the _______.



These tissues are dervied from the dorsal mesentary:

gastrosplenic, splenorenal, gastrocolic ligaments  and the greater omentum


1. The __________ is a remnant of the fetal __________, an arterial shunt between the pulmonary trunk and aortic arch .

1. ligamentum arteriosum, ductus arteriosus