Block II Abridged Relationships Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block II Abridged Relationships Deck (102)
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1

The internal thoracic artery is positioned ____________to the first six costal cartilages.

posterior (deep)

2

The left phrenic nerve passes _________ to the root of the left lung.

anterior

3

The left phrenic nerve passes anterior to the root of the _______ lung.

left

4

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned _______ to the obturator internus muscle.

medial

5

The lumbosacral trunk passes ________ to the sacrum (ala).

anterior

6

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass ________ to the superior pubic ramus.

inferior

7

The ductus deferens passes directly __________-__________to the obliterated umbilical artery.

posterior - superior (deep)

8

The right ureter passes directly ______ to the right external iliac artery.

anterior

9

The external iliac vein is positioned ____________ to the external iliac artery.

posterior-medial

10

The left common iliac vein is positioned __________ to the common iliac artery.

posterior-medial

11

The ureter passes directly ________ and _______ to the ductus deferens.

posterior and inferior

12

The seminal vesicle is positioned _________ to the bladder.

posterior

13

The seminal vesicle is positioned _________ to the ampulla of the ductus deferens.

lateral

14

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned ________ to the prostate.

superior

15

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned ________ to the bladder.

posterior

16

The bladder is positioned __________ to the prostate.

superior

17

The rectum is positioned ____________ to the prostate and __________ to the sacrum and coccyx.

posterior; anterior

18

The prostate is positioned ________ to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

superior

19

The bulb of the penis is positioned directly ___________ to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

inferior (superficial)

20

The deep dorsal vein of the penis passes _______ to the pubic symphysis.

inferior

21

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly _________ to the crus of the penis.

superficial

22

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly __________ to the bulb of the penis.

superficial

23

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass __________ to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior-lateral (superficial)

24

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the __________ ligament.

sacrospinous

25

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned _________ to the obturator internus muscle.

medial

26

The lumbosacral trunk passes ________ to the sacrum (ala).

anterior

27

The ureter passes _________and __________ to the vaginal artery.

superior; anterior

28

The ureter passes ___________ and __________ to the uterine artery.

posterior; inferior

29

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass ________ to the superior pubic ramus.

inferior

30

The external iliac vein is positioned ______-______to the external iliac artery.

posterior-medial

31

The left common iliac vein is positioned ___________ to the common iliac artery.

posterior-medial

32

The urethra is positioned _________ to the vagina.

anterior

33

The ovary is typically positioned ___________ to the broad ligament of the uterus and _______-_________ to the uterine tube.

posterior; posterior-inferior

34

The uterus is positioned directly _________ to the rectouterine pouch.

anterior

35

The uterus (body and fundus) is positioned ___________ to the bladder.

posterior-superior

36

The rectum is positioned __________ to the vagina and cervix and directly _________ to the rectouterine pouch.

posterior; posterior

37

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly ____________ to the crus of the clitoris.

superficial

38

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly __________ to the bulb of the vestibule.

superficial (lateral)

39

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the _________ ligament.

sacrospinous

40

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass _______-_________to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior-lateral (superficial)

41

The right common iliac artery passes directly _________ to the left common iliac vein.

anterior

42

The right common iliac artery passes directly anterior to the __________ vein.

left common iliac

43

The __________ passes directly anterior to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas muscle.

right testicular artery

44

The right testicular artery passes directly _________ to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas muscle.

anterior

45

The right ureter passes ________ to the psoas muscle.

anterior

46

The right ureter passes anterior to the ___________ muscle.

psoas

47

The left renal vein passes _________ to the abdominal aorta and _________ to the superior mesenteric artery.

anterior; posterior

48

The right renal artery passes directly ___________ to the inferior vena cava.

posterior

49

The left suprarenal gland is positioned ________ to the left kidney.

medial

50

The right suprarenal gland is positioned _______ to the right kidney.

superior

51

The kidney is positioned _________-__________ to the psoas muscle and _________ to both the quadratus lumborum and transversus abdominis muscles.

anterior - lateral; anterior

52

The gall bladder is positioned __________ to the quadrate lobe of the liver.

lateral

53

The inferior vena cava passes ______ to the liver and is positioned _________ to the caudate lobe.

posterior; lateral

54

The superior mesenteric vein passes __________ to the duodenum (4th segment) and _________ to both the stomach (pylorus) and the pancreas (body).

anterior; posterior

55

The superior mesenteric artery is positioned ___________ to the superior mesenteric vein and passes _________ to the duodenum (4th segment), directly __________ to the left renal vein, and ________ to the pancreas (body).

lateral (to the left); anterior; anterior; posterior

56

The splenic artery and vein pass _____________ to the stomach (fundus) and are typically positioned ___________-__________ to the pancreas (body and tail).

posterior; posterior - superior

57

The duodenum (3rd segment) is positioned directly _________ to the pancreas (head) and passes _________ to both the inferior vena cava and the abdominal aorta.

inferior; anterior

58

The duodenum (second segment) is positioned directly _________ of the pancreas (head).

lateral (to the right)

59

The gastroduodenal artery passes __________ to the duodenum (first segment) and __________ to the pancreas.

posterior; anterior

60

The hepatic artery proper passes ________ to the epiploic foramen.

anterior

61

The hepatic portal vein passes __________ to the epiploic foramen, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal ligament), it is typically positioned _________ to the bile duct and the hepatic artery proper.

anterior; posterior

62

The common bile duct passes __________ to the duodenum (first segment) and __________ to the epiploic foramen.

posterior; anterior

63

The thoracic duct is positioned directly ___________ to the thoracic vertebral bodies.

anterior

64

Near the diaphragm, the esophagus is positioned _________ to the thoracic aorta.

anterior

65

The esophagus is positioned __________ to the pericardial sac.

posterior

66

The greater splanchnic nerve is positioned _________-________to the sympathetic chain.

anterior - medial

67

The inferior vena cava is positioned to the _____ of the descending aorta.

right

68

The left phrenic nerve is positioned ________ to the pericardial sac.

lateral

69

The left phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the ___________.

pericardial sac

70

The left phrenic nerve passes ________ to the ascending aorta.

lateral

71

The right phrenic nerve is positioned ________ to the superior vena cava.

lateral

72

The right phrenic nerve is positioned _________ to the pericardial sac.

lateral

73

The right phrenic nerve passes _________ to the root of the right lung.

anterior

74

The arch of the aorta passes _________ to the pulmonary trunk.

superior

75

The left vagus nerve passes directly _________ to the arch of the aorta.

lateral

76

The _________ nerve passes directly lateral to the arch of the aorta.

left vagus

77

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes ___________ to the ligamentum arteriosum.

posterior

78

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes directly ___________ to the arch of the aorta.

inferior

79

The left vagus nerve passes ________ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

80

The _________ nerve passes posterior to the left main bronchus.

left vagus

81

The right vagus nerve is positioned ________ to the trachea.

lateral

82

The right vagus nerve passes ___________ to the arch of the azygos vein and ___________ to the right main bronchus.

medial; posterior

83

The _____________ nerve passes medial to the arch of the azygos vein and posterior to the right main bronchus.

right vagus

84

The superior vena cava is positioned ___________ to the ascending aorta.

lateral (right)

85

The azygos vein (arch) passes superior to the ________________.

right main bronchus

86

The azygos vein (arch) passes __________ to the right main bronchus.

superior

87

The transverse pericardial sinus is positioned ___________ to the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk.

posterior

88

The esophagus is positioned __________ to the trachea.

posterior

89

The esophagus passes ___________ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

90

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes __________ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

91

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes posterior to the ______________.

left main bronchus

92

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned _________ to the main bronchus.

superior

93

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned ___________ and ___________ to the main bronchus.

anterior; inferior

94

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned ___________to the main bronchus.

anterior

95

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned ___________ to the main bronchus.

anterior

96

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned __________ and _________to the pulmonary arteries.

anterior; inferior

97

The right posterior intercostal arteries pass _________ to the vertebral bodies.

anterior

98

The intercostal veins, arteries, and nerves are all positioned directly _________ to the ribs.

inferior

99

The sympathetic chain is positioned __________ to the thoracic vertebral bodies.

lateral

100

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned _________ to the pericardial sac.

posterior

101

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned to the ___________ of the vertebral bodies.

left (lateral)

102

The intercostal nerves, arteries and veins are positioned _______ to the internal intercostal muscles

deep