Block II relationships Thorax and Abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block II relationships Thorax and Abdomen Deck (187)
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1

The intercostal nerves, arteries and veins are positioned _______ to the internal intercostal muscles

deep

2

The intercostal nerves, arteries and veins are positioned deep to the ______________ muscles

internal intercostal

3

The __________ artery is positioned posterior (deep) to the first six costal cartilages.

internal thoracic

4

The internal thoracic artery is positioned ____________to the first six costal cartilages.

posterior (deep)

5

The internal thoracic artery is positioned posterior (deep) to the first ____________.

six costal cartilages.

6

The _________ nerve passes anterior to the root of the left lung.

left phrenic

7

The left phrenic nerve passes _________ to the root of the left lung.

anterior

8

The left phrenic nerve passes anterior to the root of the _______ lung.

left

9

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned _______ to the obturator internus muscle.

medial

10

The ______________________ is positioned medial to the obturator internus muscle.

pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle)

11

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned medial to the ______________ muscle.

obturator internus

12

The lumbosacral trunk passes ________ to the sacrum (ala).

anterior

13

The lumbosacral trunk passes anterior to the ___________.

sacrum (ala)

14

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass ________ to the superior pubic ramus.

inferior

15

The ___________ artery, vein and nerve pass inferior to the superior pubic ramus.

obturator

16

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass inferior to the ___________ (bone).

superior pubic ramus.

17

The ductus deferens passes directly __________-__________to the obliterated umbilical artery.

posterior - superior (deep)

18

The __________ passes directly posterior - superior (deep) to the obliterated umbilical artery.

ductus deferens

19

The ductus deferens passes directly posterior - superior (deep) to the _____________ artery.

obliterated umbilical

20

The right ureter passes directly ______ to the right external iliac artery.

anterior

21

The right ureter passes directly anterior to the __________ artery.

right external iliac

22

The ___________ vein is positioned posterior-medial to the external iliac artery.

external iliac

23

The external iliac vein is positioned ____________ to the external iliac artery.

posterior-medial

24

The ___________ vein is positioned posterior-medial to the common iliac artery.

left common iliac

25

The left common iliac vein is positioned __________ to the common iliac artery.

posterior-medial

26

The ________ passes directly posterior and inferior to the ductus deferens.

ureter

27

The ureter passes directly ________ and inferior to the ductus deferens.

posterior

28

The __________ is positioned posterior to the bladder.

seminal vesicle

29

The seminal vesicle is positioned _________ to the bladder.

posterior

30

The _______ is positioned lateral to the ampulla of the ductus deferens.

seminal vesicle

31

The seminal vesicle is positioned _________ to the ampulla of the ductus deferens.

lateral

32

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned superior to the _________.

prostate

33

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned ________ to the prostate.

superior

34

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned posterior to the ________.

bladder.

35

The ductus deferens (ampulla) is positioned ________ to the bladder.

posterior

36

The bladder is positioned __________ to the prostate.

superior

37

The ____________ is positioned superior to the prostate.

bladder

38

The _________ is positioned posterior to the prostate and anterior to the sacrum and coccyx.

rectum

39

The rectum is positioned ____________ to the prostate and __________ to the sacrum and coccyx.

posterior; anterior

40

The rectum is positioned posterior to the _________ and anterior to the ________ and ________.

prostate; sacrum and coccyx

41

The __________ is positioned superior to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

prostate

42

The prostate is positioned ________ to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

superior

43

The ___________ is positioned directly inferior (superficial) to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

bulb of the penis

44

The bulb of the penis is positioned directly ___________ to the urogenital diaphragm (deep transverse perineal muscle).

inferior (superficial)

45

The ________ vein of the penis passes inferior to the pubic symphysis.

deep dorsal

46

The deep dorsal vein of the penis passes _______ to the pubic symphysis.

inferior

47

The __________ muscle is positioned directly superficial to the crus of the penis.

ischiocavernosus

48

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly _________ to the crus of the penis.

superficial

49

The __________ muscle is positioned directly superficial to the bulb of the penis.

bulbospongiosus

50

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly __________ to the bulb of the penis.

superficial

51

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass __________ to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior-lateral (superficial)

52

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the __________ ligament.

sacrospinous

53

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned _________ to the obturator internus muscle.

medial

54

The pelvic diaphragm (levator ani muscle) is positioned medial to the ____________ muscle.

obturator internus

55

The lumbosacral trunk passes ________ to the sacrum (ala).

anterior

56

The lumbosacral trunk passes anterior to the ____________.

sacrum (ala)

57

The ureter passes _________and __________ to the vaginal artery.

superior; anterior

58

The ureter passes superior and anterior to the _______ artery.

vaginal

59

The ureter passes ___________ and __________ to the uterine artery.

posterior; inferior

60

The ureter passes posterior and inferior to the ________ artery.

uterine

61

The obturator artery, vein and nerve pass ________ to the superior pubic ramus.

inferior

62

The ________ artery, vein and nerve pass inferior to the superior pubic ramus.

obturator

63

The external iliac vein is positioned ______-______to the external iliac artery.

posterior-medial

64

The ___________ vein is positioned posterior-medial to the external iliac artery.

external iliac

65

The ___________ vein is positioned posterior-medial to the common iliac artery.

left common iliac

66

The left common iliac vein is positioned ___________ to the common iliac artery.

posterior-medial

67

The urethra is positioned _________ to the vagina.

anterior

68

The urethra is positioned anterior to the _________.

vagina.

69

The ovary is typically positioned ___________ to the broad ligament of the uterus and _______-_________ to the uterine tube.

posterior; posterior-inferior

70

The ovary is typically positioned posterior to the broad ligament of the ________ and posterior-inferior to the _________.

uterus; uterine tube

71

The uterus is positioned directly _________ to the rectouterine pouch.

anterior

72

The _________ is positioned directly anterior to the rectouterine pouch.

uterus

73

The uterus (body and fundus) is positioned ___________ to the bladder.

posterior-superior

74

The uterus (body and fundus) is positioned posterior-superior to the ________.

bladder

75

The ________ is positioned posterior to the vagina and cervix and directly posterior to the rectouterine pouch.

rectum

76

The rectum is positioned __________ to the vagina and cervix and directly _________ to the rectouterine pouch.

posterior; posterior

77

The ____________ muscle is positioned directly superficial to the crus of the clitoris.

ischiocavernosus

78

The ischiocavernosus muscle is positioned directly ____________ to the crus of the clitoris.

superficial

79

The bulbospongiosus muscle is positioned directly __________ to the bulb of the vestibule.

superficial (lateral)

80

The ____________ muscle is positioned directly superficial (lateral) to the bulb of the vestibule.

bulbospongiosus

81

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass posterior-lateral (superficial) to the _________ ligament.

sacrospinous

82

The internal pudendal artery and vein, and the pudendal nerve pass _______-_________to the sacrospinous ligament.

posterior-lateral (superficial)

83

The right common iliac artery passes directly _________ to the left common iliac vein.

anterior

84

The right common iliac artery passes directly anterior to the __________ vein.

left common iliac

85

The __________ passes directly anterior to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas muscle.

right testicular artery

86

The right testicular artery passes directly _________ to the inferior vena cava, the right ureter, and the psoas muscle.

anterior

87

The right ureter passes ________ to the psoas muscle.

anterior

88

The right ureter passes anterior to the ___________ muscle.

psoas

89

The left renal vein passes _________ to the abdominal aorta and _________ to the superior mesenteric artery.

anterior; posterior

90

The __________ vein passes anterior to the abdominal aorta and posterior to the superior mesenteric artery.

left renal

91

The right renal artery passes directly ___________ to the inferior vena cava.

posterior

92

The right renal artery passes directly posterior to the ______________(vessel).

inferior vena cava

93

The left suprarenal gland is positioned ________ to the left kidney.

medial

94

The left suprarenal gland is positioned medial to the _________ (organ).

left kidney

95

The right suprarenal gland is positioned _______ to the right kidney.

superior

96

The right suprarenal gland is positioned superior to the ________ (organ).

right kidney

97

The kidney is positioned _________-__________ to the psoas muscle and _________ to both the quadratus lumborum and transversus abdominis muscles.

anterior - lateral; anterior

98

The __________ is positioned anterior - lateral to the psoas muscle and anterior to both the quadratus lumborum and transversus abdominis muscles.

kidney

99

The gall bladder is positioned __________ to the quadrate lobe of the liver.

lateral

100

The _________ is positioned lateral to the quadrate lobe of the liver.

gall bladder

101

The inferior vena cava passes ______ to the liver and is positioned _________ to the caudate lobe.

posterior; lateral

102

The __________(vessel) passes posterior to the liver and is positioned lateral to the caudate lobe.

inferior vena cava

103

The _______________ vein passes anterior to the duodenum (4th segment) and posterior to both the stomach (pylorus) and the pancreas (body).

superior mesenteric

104

The superior mesenteric vein passes __________ to the duodenum (4th segment) and _________ to both the stomach (pylorus) and the pancreas (body).

anterior; posterior

105

The _____________ artery is positioned lateral (to the left) to the superior mesenteric vein and passes anterior to the duodenum (4th segment), directly anterior to the left renal vein, and posterior to the pancreas (body).

superior mesenteric

106

The superior mesenteric artery is positioned ___________ to the superior mesenteric vein and passes _________ to the duodenum (4th segment), directly __________ to the left renal vein, and ________ to the pancreas (body).

lateral (to the left); anterior; anterior; posterior

107

The ________ artery and vein pass posterior to the stomach (fundus) and are typically positioned posterior - superior to the pancreas (body and tail).

splenic

108

The splenic artery and vein pass _____________ to the stomach (fundus) and are typically positioned ___________-__________ to the pancreas (body and tail).

posterior; posterior - superior

109

The duodenum (3rd segment) is positioned directly _________ to the pancreas (head) and passes _________ to both the inferior vena cava and the abdominal aorta.

inferior; anterior

110

The ______________ is positioned directly inferior to the pancreas (head) and passes anterior to both the inferior vena cava and the abdominal aorta.

duodenum (3rd segment)

111

The ______________ is positioned directly lateral (to the right) of the pancreas (head).

duodenum (second segment)

112

The duodenum (second segment) is positioned directly _________ of the pancreas (head).

lateral (to the right)

113

The gastroduodenal artery passes __________ to the duodenum (first segment) and __________ to the pancreas.

posterior; anterior

114

The ____________ artery passes posterior to the duodenum (first segment) and anterior to the pancreas.

gastroduodenal

115

The hepatic artery proper passes ________ to the epiploic foramen.

anterior

116

The _________(artery) passes anterior to the epiploic foramen.

hepatic artery proper

117

The ____________ vein passes anterior to the epiploic foramen, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal ligament), it is typically positioned posterior to the bile duct and the hepatic artery proper.

hepatic portal

118

The hepatic portal vein passes __________ to the epiploic foramen, and in the lesser omentum (hepatoduodenal ligament), it is typically positioned _________ to the bile duct and the hepatic artery proper.

anterior; posterior

119

The _________ passes posterior to the duodenum (first segment) and anterior to the epiploic foramen.

common bile duct

120

The common bile duct passes __________ to the duodenum (first segment) and __________ to the epiploic foramen.

posterior; anterior

121

The thoracic duct is positioned directly anterior to the _______________(bones).

thoracic vertebral bodies

122

The thoracic duct is positioned directly ___________ to the thoracic vertebral bodies.

anterior

123

Near the diaphragm, the esophagus is positioned _________ to the thoracic aorta.

anterior

124

Near the diaphragm, the esophagus is positioned anterior to the ________(vessel).

thoracic aorta

125

The esophagus is positioned __________ to the pericardial sac.

posterior

126

The esophagus is positioned posterior to the _________.

pericardial sac

127

The greater splanchnic nerve is positioned anterior - medial to the _______chain.

sympathetic

128

The greater splanchnic nerve is positioned _________-________to the sympathetic chain.

anterior - medial

129

The inferior vena cava is positioned to the _____ of the descending aorta.

right

130

The inferior vena cava is positioned to the right of the _________(vessel).

descending aorta

131

The left phrenic nerve is positioned ________ to the pericardial sac.

lateral

132

The left phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the ___________.

pericardial sac

133

The left phrenic nerve passes ________ to the ascending aorta.

lateral

134

The left phrenic nerve passes lateral to the __________(vessel).

ascending aorta

135

The right phrenic nerve is positioned ________ to the superior vena cava.

lateral

136

The right phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the ___________(vessel).

superior vena cava

137

The right phrenic nerve is positioned _________ to the pericardial sac.

lateral

138

The right phrenic nerve is positioned lateral to the ____________.

pericardial sac

139

The right phrenic nerve passes _________ to the root of the right lung.

anterior

140

The __________ nerve passes anterior to the root of the right lung.

right phrenic

141

The arch of the aorta passes _________ to the pulmonary trunk.

superior

142

The __________(vessel) passes superior to the pulmonary trunk.

arch of the aorta

143

The left vagus nerve passes directly _________ to the arch of the aorta.

lateral

144

The _________ nerve passes directly lateral to the arch of the aorta.

left vagus

145

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes ___________ to the ligamentum arteriosum.

posterior

146

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes posterior to the ______________(vestigial ligament).

ligamentum arteriosum

147

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes directly ___________ to the arch of the aorta.

inferior

148

The left recurrent laryngeal nerve passes directly inferior to the ______________(vessel).

arch of the aorta

149

The left vagus nerve passes ________ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

150

The _________ nerve passes posterior to the left main bronchus.

left vagus

151

The right vagus nerve is positioned ________ to the trachea.

lateral

152

The right vagus nerve is positioned lateral to the ________.

trachea

153

The right vagus nerve passes ___________ to the arch of the azygos vein and ___________ to the right main bronchus.

medial; posterior

154

The _____________ nerve passes medial to the arch of the azygos vein and posterior to the right main bronchus.

right vagus

155

The superior vena cava is positioned lateral (right) to the ___________(vessel).

ascending aorta

156

The superior vena cava is positioned ___________ to the ascending aorta.

lateral (right)

157

The azygos vein (arch) passes superior to the ________________.

right main bronchus

158

The azygos vein (arch) passes __________ to the right main bronchus.

superior

159

The _________________ is positioned posterior to the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk.

transverse pericardial sinus

160

The transverse pericardial sinus is positioned ___________ to the ascending aorta and the pulmonary trunk.

posterior

161

The esophagus is positioned __________ to the trachea.

posterior

162

The esophagus is positioned posterior to the ___________.

trachea

163

The esophagus passes ___________ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

164

The ___________ passes posterior to the left main bronchus.

esophagus

165

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes __________ to the left main bronchus.

posterior

166

The descending (thoracic) aorta passes posterior to the ______________.

left main bronchus

167

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned _________ to the main bronchus.

superior

168

At the hilum of the left lung, the ___________ artery is positioned superior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary

169

At the hilum of the left lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned ___________ and ___________ to the main bronchus.

anterior; inferior

170

At the hilum of the left lung, the _____________ veins are positioned anterior and inferior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary

171

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary artery is positioned ___________to the main bronchus.

anterior

172

At the hilum of the right lung, the ___________ artery is positioned anterior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary

173

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned ___________ to the main bronchus.

anterior

174

At the hilum of the right lung, the ___________ veins are positioned anterior to the main bronchus.

pulmonary

175

At the hilum of the right lung, the pulmonary veins are positioned __________ and _________to the pulmonary arteries.

anterior; inferior

176

At the hilum of the right lung, the ___________ veins are positioned anterior and inferior to the pulmonary arteries.

pulmonary

177

The right posterior intercostal arteries pass _________ to the vertebral bodies.

anterior

178

The right posterior intercostal arteries pass anterior to the ____________(bones).

vertebral bodies

179

The intercostal veins, arteries, and nerves are all positioned directly _________ to the ribs.

inferior

180

The __________ veins, arteries, and nerves are all positioned directly inferior to the ribs.

intercostal

181

The sympathetic chain is positioned __________ to the thoracic vertebral bodies.

lateral

182

The sympathetic chain is positioned lateral to the _________(bones).

thoracic vertebral bodies

183

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned _________ to the pericardial sac.

posterior

184

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned posterior to the __________.

pericardial sac

185

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned to the ___________ of the vertebral bodies.

left (lateral)

186

The descending (thoracic) aorta is positioned to the left (lateral) of the __________(bones).

vertebral bodies

187

The ___________ nerves, arteries and veins are positioned deep to the internal intercostal muscles

intercostal