Block II- First Aid Flashcards Preview

H-60 EAWS phase I > Block II- First Aid > Flashcards

Flashcards in Block II- First Aid Deck (21)
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1

What are the four methods of controlling bleeding

Direct pressure, elevation, pressure points, and tourniquet as last resort

2

How many pressure points on the body total

22 total 11 on each side

3

Name five pressure points

Temple, jaw, neck, collar bone, inner arm, inner elbow, wrist, upper thigh, groin, knee , ankle

4

What are the three classifications of burn

First degree-redness, warmth,mild pain
Second degree-red, blistered skin and severe pain: most painful
Third degree- destroys tissue,skin and bone, no pain due to nerve endings being destroyed

5

What are the two types of fractures and what is the difference

Closed/simple- broken bone without a break in skin
Open / compound - broken bone with possible bone protrusion

6

What is electrical shock

When a person comes into contact with an electric energy source

7

What are the indications of an airway obstruction

Inability to talk, grasping and pointing to the throat, exaggerated breathing, skin turning blueish

8

What are the two types of heat related injuries

Heat exhaustion and heat stroke

9

What is heat exhaustion

A SERIOUS disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart and lungs. Skin is cool and moist, clammy and pupils are dilated. Usually sweating profusely

10

What is a heat stroke

A VERY SERIOUS condition by causing the breakdown of sweating mechanism in the body. Hot or dry skin , uneven pupil dilation and a weak rapid pulse

11

What are the three types of cold weather injuries

Hypothermia
Superficial frostbite
Deep frostbite

12

What causes a general cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to the low or rapid falling temperature.

Hypothermia; the victim may appear play and unconscious or mistaken for dead.

13

What is the difference between superficial and deep frostbite

Superficial frostbite is ice crystals forming in the upper layers of the skin.
Deep frostbite is ice crystals that form in the deeper tissues.

14

What is shock

A life threatening condition where the body suffers from insufficient blood flow

15

What are the 5 types of shock

Septic shock
Anaphylactic shock
Cardiogenic shock
Hypovolemic shock
Neurogenic shock

16

What is septic shock

Bacteria multiplying in the blood and releasing toxins.
Examples: pneumonia , ruptured appendix , meningitis

17

What is anaphylactic shock

A severe hypersensitivity or allergic reaction

18

What is cardiogenic shock

When the heart is damaged and unable to supply sufficient blood to the body
Example : heart attack

19

Hypovolemic shock

A severe blood and fluid loss

20

Neurogenic shock

Caused by spinal cord injury

21

Three objectives of first aid are

To prevent further injury, infection, and loss of life