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Flashcards in Block II- First Aid Deck (21)
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What are the four methods of controlling bleeding

Direct pressure, elevation, pressure points, and tourniquet as last resort


How many pressure points on the body total

22 total 11 on each side


Name five pressure points

Temple, jaw, neck, collar bone, inner arm, inner elbow, wrist, upper thigh, groin, knee , ankle


What are the three classifications of burn

First degree-redness, warmth,mild pain
Second degree-red, blistered skin and severe pain: most painful
Third degree- destroys tissue,skin and bone, no pain due to nerve endings being destroyed


What are the two types of fractures and what is the difference

Closed/simple- broken bone without a break in skin
Open / compound - broken bone with possible bone protrusion


What is electrical shock

When a person comes into contact with an electric energy source


What are the indications of an airway obstruction

Inability to talk, grasping and pointing to the throat, exaggerated breathing, skin turning blueish


What are the two types of heat related injuries

Heat exhaustion and heat stroke


What is heat exhaustion

A SERIOUS disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart and lungs. Skin is cool and moist, clammy and pupils are dilated. Usually sweating profusely


What is a heat stroke

A VERY SERIOUS condition by causing the breakdown of sweating mechanism in the body. Hot or dry skin , uneven pupil dilation and a weak rapid pulse


What are the three types of cold weather injuries

Superficial frostbite
Deep frostbite


What causes a general cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to the low or rapid falling temperature.

Hypothermia; the victim may appear play and unconscious or mistaken for dead.


What is the difference between superficial and deep frostbite

Superficial frostbite is ice crystals forming in the upper layers of the skin.
Deep frostbite is ice crystals that form in the deeper tissues.


What is shock

A life threatening condition where the body suffers from insufficient blood flow


What are the 5 types of shock

Septic shock
Anaphylactic shock
Cardiogenic shock
Hypovolemic shock
Neurogenic shock


What is septic shock

Bacteria multiplying in the blood and releasing toxins.
Examples: pneumonia , ruptured appendix , meningitis


What is anaphylactic shock

A severe hypersensitivity or allergic reaction


What is cardiogenic shock

When the heart is damaged and unable to supply sufficient blood to the body
Example : heart attack


Hypovolemic shock

A severe blood and fluid loss


Neurogenic shock

Caused by spinal cord injury


Three objectives of first aid are

To prevent further injury, infection, and loss of life