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Musculoskeletal (MEDI) 203 > Blood Vessels > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Vessels Deck (31):
1

Name the branches of the Axillary artery

1. Superior thoracic
2. Thoraco-acromial, Lateral thoracic
3. Subscapular (circumflex scapular a. & thoracodorsal a.), Anterior circumflex humeral, Posterior circumflex humeral.

2

Name the branch of the first part of the Axillary artery

Superior thoracic

3

What does the superior thoracic artery supply?

Medial & anterior axillary walls.

4

The superior thoracic artery is a branch of which artery?

1st part of axillary artery.

5

Name the branches of the 2nd part of the axillary artery

Thoraco-acromial
Lateral thoracic

6

Name the 4 branches of the thoraco-acromial artery

Pectoral
Deltoid
Clavicular
Acromial

7

What structures are supplied by the thoraco-acromial artery?

Pectorals
Deltoid
Acromioclavicular joint
Sternoclavicular joint
Subclavius

8

The thoraco-acromial artery is a branch of which artery?

2nd part of axillary artery

9

What does the lateral thoracic artery supply?

Medial & anterior axillary walls,
Female breast

10

The lateral thoracic artery is a branch of which artery?

2nd part of axillary artery.

11

Name the branches of the 3rd part of the axillary artery

Subscapular, Anterior & Posterior Circumflex Humeral

12

What are the branches of the subscapular artery?

Circumflex scapular artery
Thoracodorsal artery

13

What does the circumflex scapular (subscapular) artery supply?

Contributes to collateral circulation of scapula

14

What does the thoracodorsal (subscapular) artery supply?

Latissimus dorsi

15

Describe the action & supply of the anterior & posterior circumflex arteries.

Circle the humerus & anastomose.
Supplies head of humerus & shoulder

16

The subscapular artery is a branch of which artery?

3rd part of axillary artery.

17

Name the arteries contributing the collateral scapular circulation.

Subscapular (3rd part axillary)
Dorsal scapular (deep scapular, from cervicodorsal trunk)
Suprascapular (from cervicodorsal trunk [subclavian])

18

Where does the axillary artery become the brachial artery?

Inferior border teres minor

19

Where does the subclavian artery become the axillary artery?

Lateral margin 1st rib

20

Name the branches of the brachial artery

Profunda brachii (behind humerus) => Radial & middle collateral
Humeral nutrient
Superior & inferior ulnar collateral

21

What does the profunda brachii artery supply?

Posterior compartment of arm

22

What does the humeral nutrient artery supply?

Humerus (goes inside)

23

Where do the radial & middle collateral arteries come from?

Branches of the profunda brachii

24

What do the superior & inferior ulnar collateral arteries contribute to?

Anastomose around the elbow joint.

25

Name the vessels in the cubital fossa

Brachial artery (bifurcates at apex)
Radial & ulnar arteries

26

Name the branches of the radial artery

Radial recurrent
Palmar & dorsal carpal branches
BEST (brachioradialis, extensors, supinator, triceps)

27

Name the branches of the ulnar artery

Ulnar recurrent
Common interosseous
Palmar & dorsal carpal branches
Muscular arteries

28

Describe the action of the radial recurrent artery

Originates just below cubital fossa
Contributes to anastomose around the elbow
Supplies lateral forearm muscles

29

Describe the action of the ulnar recurrent artery

Contributes to anastomose around the elbow

30

Name the branches of the radial artery in the hand

Superficial palmer branch
Dorsal carpal branch
First dorsal metacarpal a.
Princeps pollicis a.
Radialis indicis a.
Deep palmar arch

31

Name the branches of the ulnar artery in the hand

Superficial palmar arch
Deep palmer branch