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Musculoskeletal (MEDI) 203 > Lower Limb > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Limb Deck (25):
1

What are the transition areas of the lower limb?

Femoral triangle
Popliteal fossa
Tarsal tunnel

2

Mnemonic for 7 tarsal bones

Come and Catch Navy TuCker

3

Classification of hip joint

Synovial ball & socket

4

Articulating surfaces of hip joint

Head of femur with acetabulum of pelvis deepened by acetabular labrum

5

Ligaments of hip joint

Iliofemoral ligament
Ischiofemoral ligament
Pubofemoral ligament
Acetabular labrum
Zona orbicularis
Transverse acetabular ligament
Ligament of head of femur

6

What is so special about the iliofemoral ligament, ischiofemoral ligament & pubofemoral ligament?

3 extra capsular ligaments of hip joint
They are spirally oriented around the hip joint.
Become taut when hip is extended which stabilises the joint & reduces the amount of energy needed to stand upright.

7

What's so special about the ligament of head of femur?

Is the only intracapsular hip ligament

8

Classification of sacroiliac joint

Synovial plane

9

Articulating surfaces of sacroiliac joint

Auricular surface of ilium with auricular surface of sacrum

10

Ligaments of sacroiliac joint

Interosseous ligament
Anterior & posterior sacroiliac ligaments
Sacrotuberous ligament
Sacrospinous ligament

11

Classification of pubic symphysis

Cartilaginous (symphysis)

12

Articulating surfaces of pubic symphysis

Pubic bones
Symphyseal surfaces (fibrocartilage disc)

13

Ligaments of pubic symphysis

Superior & inferior pubic ligaments

14

Articulating surfaces of subtalar joint

Inferior surface of talus (posterior calcaneal facet)
Superior surface calcaneus (posterior talar facet)

15

Classification of talocalcaneonavicular joint

Synovial ball-&-socket

16

Articulating surfaces of talocalcaneonavicular joint

Head of talus
Socket: navicular, calcaneus (ant. & med. facets) & plantar calcaneonavicular ligament

17

Classification of calcaneocuboid joint

Synovial saddle

18

Ligaments of calcaneocuboid joint

Bifurcate ligament
Long plantar ligament
Short plantar ligament

19

Muscles in gluteal/hip region

Gluteus maximus, medius & minimus
Piriformis
Superior & inferior gemellus
Obturators internus & externus
Quadratus femoris

20

Muscles in anterior compartment of thigh

Quadriceps femoris
Sartorius
Iliopsoas

21

Muscles in medial compartment of thigh

Adductors magnus, longus & brevis
Pectine
Gracilis

22

Muscles in posterior compartment of thigh

Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus

23

Muscles in anterior compartment of leg

Tibialis anterior
Extensor hallucis longus
Extensor digitorum longus (inc. peroneus tertius)

24

Muscles in lateral compartment of leg

Peroneus longus & brevis

25

Muscles in posterior compartment of leg

Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Planteris
Tibialis posterior
Flexor hallucis longus
Flexor digitorum longus
Popliteus