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Flashcards in Blueprints Deck (8)
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1

CA-125

Ovarian cancer tumor marker
-but not that specific: also elevated in many other gyn cancers (fallopian tube, endometrial) and nongynecologic (pancreatic, lung, breast, colon)

2

Tumor marker for ovarian cancer

CA-125

3

Which gynecologic tumor is most likely to present

(a) late stage
(b) early stage

(a) Ovarian cancer presents late- 75% present in stage III/IV disease

(b) Endometrial cancer caught early

4

Taxol

Chemotherapy combo drug: carboplastin + paclitaxel

5

Ideal contraception for F w/ h/o DVT

Need to avoid estrogens b/c of coagulation risk => can use progestin-only options

-Minipills = progestin only pills
-Mirena = progestin-containing IUD

6

Possible option for longer-acting (not daily) contraception for F on warfarin

Depo-provera: q3 mo injection of progesterone only
-causes amenorrhea (decreased or no bleeding) in 50% at one year

7

Ideal contraception option for 36 yo F heavy smoker

Need to avoid estrogens b/c of increased LDL and decreased HDL/coagulation risk => can use progestin-only options

-Minipills = progestin only pills
-Mirena = progestin-containing IUD

8

4 categories of ovarian neoplasm based on origin

1. surface epithelial cells- usually serous
2. germ cell- teratomas
3. sex cord-stroma
4. mets