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Flashcards in BM -1 bitters Deck (53):
1

What is a herbal bitter

any plant that tastes bitter

2

what do herbal bitters do

stimulate bitter receptors that stimulate appetite, digestive juices, bile release, pancreatic hormone release and detox. They are often tonic

3

What is the bitter reflex in general?

Mediated by gastrin a gastric hormine, it results in the overall stimulation of digestive functions that eventually strengthes the structure and function of all digestive organs.

4

What happens in response to bitter in the stomach?

An increase in HCL that helps break down proteins, and inhances the bioavailability of many minerals like calcium and kills microbes

5

What are general indications for a bitter?

Loss of appetite, all evidence if indigestion, malabsorption, weakness, mood disorders and digestion problems that come from ageing

6

what are bitters ususally combined with in general

aromatic and carminative herbs to lessen the bitters ability to cause cramping

7

What are specific herbs combined with bitters

mints, fennel, anise, calamus, ginger, or aromatic bitter herbs

8

what is the common name for gentiana lutea

gentian or bitter root

9

what part of gentiana lutea is used

root and rhizome

10

How is the gentian root prepared

Dried root is decocted or powdered, dried and fresh may be tinctured

11

What herb is concidered a pure peptic biter with very little tannins

gentiana lutea

12

What are the actions of gentiana

promotes flow of bile (cholagogue), bitter tonic, stimulate digestive organs, mucoal tissues and portal circulation

13

Indicaions for gentiana lutea

Portal congestion, low motility, Malaria, GI debility, low HCL

14

Felter indications;;overall

sense of epigastric depression with physical and mental weariness. Imperfect digestion and atony of bowles

15

Why use gentiana lutea after prolonged illness or fever

Recover can depend on increased power to assimilate foods, and gentiana can help improve gastric digestion

16

Why is gentiana lutea especially usefull in anorexia

because it stimulates appetite (the just not being hungry part)

17

2 main functions of gentiana lutea

to improve digestion and increase appetite

18

nature of gentiana lutea

Cold nature and drying

19

what is noticable on the bitter formulas

they are mixed with something to mellow out the taste like zingiber officianalis, or anise seed.

20

interesting thing about bitters and asthma

there are bitter receptors in airway that dialate when they come inconcate with bitter so bitter can help releave asthma attack

21

what is the common name for centaurium umbellatum or centaurium erythraea?

century or fever wart.

22

what part of centaurium umbettatum used

only the foliage, not the root

23

nature of centaurium umbettatum /erythraea

cold and dry - similar to gentiana lutea

24

actions of centaurium umbellatum

bitter, hepatic, mild nervine, gastric stimulation, circulatory stimulant

25

Indications for centaurium umbellatum or erythraea

anorexia (lack of appetite) dyspepsia (low HCL) and sluggish digestion

26

Centuary Bach flower remedy for who

kind people, overanxcious to serve who overtax themselves to serve others . Do more than their fair share, and may neglect their own life

27

artemisia absinthium is for what in general

sluggish digestion, gas and inactivity

28

Common name for artemisia absinthium

wormwood or green fairy

29

What are the importain volitile oils in artemisia absinthium

Volitle oils: thujone, chamazulene, monoterpene,

30

what are the importaint bitter parts of artemisia absinthium

sequiterpene lactones: absinthin

31

What are the toxic effects of thujone a component of artemisia absinthium

hallucinations, tremors, convulsions, paralysis and psycotic behavior

32

how does thujone work?

it blocks GABA receptors in brain

33

traditional clinical uses for artemisia absinthium

digestive problems, gas, loss of tone, then balance physical, emotional and spiritual problems, also choleretic, anthelmintic, antiparisitic, bitter, stimulates appetite

34

what do some say artemisia absinthium is helpfor because of its bittersweet property

to promote balance, integration of physical and emotional, and breaking cycles of destructive behavior

35

what is the difference between a true bitter like artemisia absinthium and centaurium umbellatum and an aromatic bitter.

generally more gentle on the digestive system and also have a carminative action.

36

what is the common name for achillea millefolium

yarrow

37

what part of achillea milleforlium uses

herb, flowers and root

38

what is speciall about the achillea millefolium

the leaf has tons of tips, millefolium

39

character of achillea millefolium

neutral then cool and drying like gentiana lutea and centarium umbellatum

40

what is the volitile oil of achillea millefolium

azulene, thujol, eujenol - its blue

41

medical actions of achillea millefolium

Tonic bitter, anti inflammatory, increase bile, anti hemorrhagic, and anti spasmatic, also alteratie

42

What GU conditions for achillea millefolium

Urinary irritation, tone for system, Urinary incontinence, kidney irritation

43

What gyneocological conditions for achillea millefolium

Regulatory or female reproductive dunction - remove pelvic gongestion, uterine stimulant, hemostatic for dysfunctional bleeding.

44

GI uses of achillea milefolium

atonic stomach, anorexia, dyspeptic, GI infections

45

Respiratory uses of achillea milefolium

bronchitis, cold/flu, fevers

46

yarrow flow essence

for those who are vulnerable to others energy and for disturbances by pollution

47

Keys of yarrow

deep cuts to stop bleeding, heat in blood, infections

48

the aromatic bitter humulus lupulus is also known as what?

hops

49

character of humulus lupulus

bitter, anti inflammatory, anti oxidant, phyto estrogen

50

parts of humulus lupulus used

female strobile - the flower

51

importaint chemicals in humulus lupulus

Luptin (volitile oils and the bitter resins), estrogenic stubstances.

52

effects of humulus

setative, hypnotic, diuretic and topical batericidal

53

specific indications of humulus lupulus

Nervous irritability, insomnia, impairment of digestive organs, incontinene of urin