Flashcards in BM -1 chemical constituents Deck (19):
Chemical constuitents of Gentiana lutea
Gentiopicrin - its one of the most bitter substances known 1-2 % of root.
what does coumestrol do a constituent of trifolium praetense?
a glycoside that is conidered to be a coumarin derivative, can have blood thinning effects if it spoils
mucopolysaccharides are good why (trifolium pratense?
immune potentiatorys, may stimulate phagocytosis
what is a main constituent of glycyrrhiza gabra
triterpene saponines - mostly glycyrrhizin
why can trifolium pratense be used for hot flashes?
a few of its isoflavones, are similar to those found in soy that are estrogen like. Diadzein and geinstein
whats special about the stinging hairs of urtica dioica?
acetocholine, histamine and serotonin, they are human neuro transmitters.
what minerals and macro nutrient are high in nettles?
Its super high in minerals like potassium - and protein, 25% of the stalk. It also has caffeoylmalic acid.
What is in the leaves of rumex?
oxalic acid - sour with bioflavonoids - it has laxative effect
What are the key chemicals of Rumex spp?
Emodin - a laxative, Oxalic acid, - laxative, chyrosaphoric acid - laxative. Flavonoids - stimulate immuene system.
What chemicals of rumex can cause cramping if consumed to much of?
oxalic acid and chyrosaphoric acid, the laxative effect ones
Minerals does rumex acetocella have?
High CaO and potassium. Lots of micronutrients minerals. Then there is, phos, mg, mn, zn, fe. Etc
What vitamins rume acetocella?
Really high in C, then there is A,B,D,K,P,andU
What may be a major chemical constituent of the arctium lappa root?
Inulin - 20-40 % - a soluble fiber that helps feed good bacteria but may cause gas and bloating
Mahonia aquafolium has what chemical that turns it yellow?
Berberine - antimicrobial
berberines most common clinical uses
bacterial diarrhea, intestinal parasites, eye infections
What are the importain volitile oils in artemisia absinthium
Volitle oils: thujone, chamazulene, monoterpene,
what are the importaint bitter parts of artemisia absinthium
sequiterpene lactones: absinthin
what is the volitile oil of achillea millefolium
azulene, thujol, eujenol - its blue