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Flashcards in BM -1 chemical constituents Deck (19):
1

Chemical constuitents of Gentiana lutea

Gentiopicrin - its one of the most bitter substances known 1-2 % of root.

2

what does coumestrol do a constituent of trifolium praetense?

a glycoside that is conidered to be a coumarin derivative, can have blood thinning effects if it spoils

3

mucopolysaccharides are good why (trifolium pratense?

immune potentiatorys, may stimulate phagocytosis

4

what is a main constituent of glycyrrhiza gabra

triterpene saponines - mostly glycyrrhizin

5

why can trifolium pratense be used for hot flashes?

a few of its isoflavones, are similar to those found in soy that are estrogen like. Diadzein and geinstein

6

whats special about the stinging hairs of urtica dioica?

acetocholine, histamine and serotonin, they are human neuro transmitters.

7

what minerals and macro nutrient are high in nettles?

Its super high in minerals like potassium - and protein, 25% of the stalk. It also has caffeoylmalic acid.

8

What is in the leaves of rumex?

oxalic acid - sour with bioflavonoids - it has laxative effect

9

What are the key chemicals of Rumex spp?

Emodin - a laxative, Oxalic acid, - laxative, chyrosaphoric acid - laxative. Flavonoids - stimulate immuene system.

10

What chemicals of rumex can cause cramping if consumed to much of?

oxalic acid and chyrosaphoric acid, the laxative effect ones

11

Minerals does rumex acetocella have?

High CaO and potassium. Lots of micronutrients minerals. Then there is, phos, mg, mn, zn, fe. Etc

12

What vitamins rume acetocella?

Really high in C, then there is A,B,D,K,P,andU

13

What may be a major chemical constituent of the arctium lappa root?

Inulin - 20-40 % - a soluble fiber that helps feed good bacteria but may cause gas and bloating

14

Mahonia aquafolium has what chemical that turns it yellow?

Berberine - antimicrobial

15

berberines most common clinical uses

bacterial diarrhea, intestinal parasites, eye infections

16

What are the importain volitile oils in artemisia absinthium

Volitle oils: thujone, chamazulene, monoterpene,

17

what are the importaint bitter parts of artemisia absinthium

sequiterpene lactones: absinthin

18

what is the volitile oil of achillea millefolium

azulene, thujol, eujenol - its blue

19

importaint chemicals in humulus lupulus

Luptin (volitile oils and the bitter resins), estrogenic stubstances.