Body Structure Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Body Structure > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Structure Deck (60):
1

ili/o

ilium

1

pelv/i, pelv/o

pelvis

2

later/o

side, to one side

2

poster/o

back (of body), behind, posterior

2

organ-disease panel

series of blood tests used to evaluate a specific organ or disease

2

computed tomography

Imaging technique in which an xray emitter rotates around the area to be scanned and a computer measure the intensity of transmitted xrays from different angles, formally CAT

3

sepsis

pathological state, usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the bloodstream

4

ventr/o

belly, belly side

5

tom/o

to cut

5

ascites

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

6

curettage

scraping of a body cavity with a curette

6

complete blood count

panel of blood tests used as a broad screening test for anemias, infections, and other diseases

7

suppuration

producing or associated with the generation of pus

8

caud/o

tail

8

idi/o

unknown, peculiar

8

Ablation

removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency (RF)

8

endoscopy

visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope

10

medi/o

middle

12

poli/o

gray

13

blood chemistry analysis

laboratory tests, usually performed on serum, to evaluate various substances to determine whether they fall within a normal range

14

melan/o

black

15

acr/o

extremity

16

crani/o

cranium (skull)

17

morph/o

form, shape, structure

17

revision

surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undesirable result or effect of a previous surgery

19

cirrh/o, jaund/o, xanth/o

yellow

21

abdomin/o

abdomen

21

inguin/o

groin

22

febrile

pertaining to a fever; pyretic

24

cephal/o

head

26

Anastomosis

surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

27

infusion therapy

delivery of fluids directly into the blood stream via a vein for treating various disorders; IV therapy

28

cauterize

destruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat or corrosive chemicals

29

proxim/o

near, nearest

30

infer/o

lower, below

31

chrom/o

color

33

somat/o

body

35

perforation

hole that completely penetrates a structure

36

son/o

sound

37

chlor/o

green

38

xer/o

dry

40

hernia

protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it

41

dors/o

back (of body)

42

eti/o

cause

44

hist/o

tissue

46

cervic/o

neck

47

incision and drainage

incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity

48

dist/o

far, farthest

49

resection

removal of part or all of a structure, organ or tissue

50

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum, the serous membrane that surrounds the abdominal cavity and covers its organs

51

gastr/o

stomach

52

erythr/o

red

53

anter/o

anterior, front

54

kary/o, nucle/o

nucleus

55

mycosis

fungal infection in or on the body

56

viscer/o

internal organs

57

lumb/o

loins (lower back)

58

cyan/o

blue

59

-gnosis

knowing

60

look in chapter 4

for more imaging