Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (59):
1

hepat/o

liver

1

cholelithiasis

presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct

2

gastr/o

stomach

2

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

2

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix, usually due to obstruction or infection

3

pyloric stenosis

stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter

4

esophag/o

esophagus

5

col/o, colon/o

colon

6

bucc/o

cheek

6

steatorrhea

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces due to the failure to digest and absorb it

7

enter/o

intestine (small)

8

dia-

through, across

10

cheil/o, labi/o

lip

11

-prandial

meal

12

or/o, stomat/o

mouth

12

sub-

under, below

13

rect/o

rectum

14

regurgitation

backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach

15

-orexia

appetite

16

peri-

around

17

chol/e

bile, gall

17

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat

18

pharyng/o

pharynx

18

fecalith

fecal concretion

19

cholangi/o

bile vessel

20

cachexia

physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass

21

dysentery

inflammation of the intestine, colon caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa

22

-rrhea

discharge, flow

23

gloss/o, lingu/o

tongue

24

-phagia

swallowing, eating

26

an/o

anus

27

jejun/o

jejunum

28

-megaly

enlargement

29

melena

passage of dark colored tarry stools due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices

30

dent/o, odont/o

teeth

31

flatus

gas in the GI tract

33

-iasis

abdominal condition

34

sial/o

saliva, salivary glands

35

pylor.o

pylorus

36

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

38

-pepsia

digestion

38

colic

spasm in an hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon, accompanied by pain

39

cirrhosis

scarring and dysfunction of the liver cause by chronic liver disease

40

Crohn disease

form of IBD

42

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

43

proct/o

anus, rectum

44

ile/o

ileum (small intestine)

45

borborygmus

rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance

46

hematemesis

vomiting blood from bleeding in the stomach or esophagus

47

append/o, appendic/o

appendix

47

choledoch/o

bile duct

49

gingiv/o

gums

51

dysphagia

inability or difficulty in swallowing; aphagia

52

eructation

producing gas from the stomach, usually with a characteristic sound

53

-emesis

vomit

55

pancreat/o

pancreas

56

hallitosis

foul smelling breath

58

duoden/o

duodenum

59

obstipation

severe constipation