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Flashcards in Body systems Deck (27)
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1

What type of digestion is chemicals produced by the body breaks down the food into their smaller chemical building blocks or enzymes?

Chemical

2

When your body gets ready to eat and it increases the production of saliva or

Spit

3

Your esophagus is lined with ______

Mucus

4

What is the process in which food is move down the esophagus by waves of muscle contractions?

Peristalsis

5

What type of acid helps break down food as well as killing many bacteria that you swallow with your food. The stomach is lined with mucus to protect it from this acid

Hydrochloric Acid

6

Almost all _______ Digestion and _________ nutrients takes place in the small intestine

Chemical
Absorption

7

For digestion what does the liver produce that is a substance that breaks down fat particles and where is it stored?

Bile
Gallbladder

8

What does the pancreas produce that then breaks down the fat chemically

Enzymes

9

What are millions of tiny finger shaped structures filled with tiny blood vessels. These greatly increase surface area of the intestine making it about the size of a tennis court

Villi

10

The large intestine contains what this substance feeds off material passing through. This material is also helpful because it produces vitamin K

Bacteria

11

As remaining materials move through large intestine, what is absorbed into the bloodstream?

Water

12

The large Intestine ends with a short tube called the what, where the remaining waste materials are compressed into a solid form.

Rectum

13

One of the circulatory system's jobs is to move substances through the blood. What is that also called?

delivering needed materials.

14

One of the jobs of the circulatory system is to remove _______ material

Waste

15

One more job of the circulatory system is to fight _______

Diseases

16

What is the heart

A hollow muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body

17

The two upper chambers called _________ which receive blood into the heart

Atrium's

18

Two lower chambers called ________ which pump blood out of the heart

Ventricles

19

What is an artery

An artery is a thing that carries blood away from the heart either to the lungs or body

20

What are the three components of blood

Plasma- The liquid part of blood
Red blood cells- part to take the oxygen for transport
White blood cells- The "soldiers" of the blood that attack Microorganisms into the body

21

What are the jobs of the respiratory system

Taking in oxygen
Removing carbon dioxide and water

22

What do cells in the nasal cavities have? And the definition

Cilia- tiny hairlike structures that sweep mucus down to your throat where you swallow and acid destroys the mucus

23

As they move into the lungs they divide into smaller and smaller tubes in a pattern that resembles the branches of a tree __________- in tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air in blood lungs contain about 300 million of these which gives your lungs a huge surface for gas exchange

Alveoli

24

Saclike organ that inhale and exhale air. The main organs of the Respiratory system

Lungs

25

What is the diaphragm

I dome shaped muscle that plays an important role in breathing

26

What is breathing

The movement of air into and out of the lungs

27

Breaking down of food into small nutrient molecules I can use is called

Digestion