Flashcards in Boer war- impact in Britain Deck (44):
Why was there a press revolution during the turn of the century?
1870 education act meant children had to go to school till 12. Higher literacy.
When was the daily mail created?
How much was the daily mail?
Who created the daily mail?
What was the daily circulation of the mail?
What type of paper was the daily mail? What did people nickname their train?
2) the South African train
What happened to the daily news?
Lloyd George encouraged Quaker George Cadbury to buy controlling share of the paper making it pro boer in 1901
How much were the morning star willing to pay Churchill?
250 a month
How much money did the soldiers wives and children fund raise?
70,000 by end of Jan
250,000 in total
What happened when Kimberley was relieved?
Celebrations. Children had a half day of school, the stock market closed.
What was khaki fever?
1899-1900 fever of enthusiasm for war.
How many cheered off first army corps?
What did Kipling write which summed up Britain's view of imperialism
The white mans burden
What did the national council of free churches do?
Pray for peace but in 1900 ban all mention of the war.
Who were the little englanders?
Group who felt war distract from home issues
What 3 groups were formed opposing the war?
South African conciliatory committee
Stop the war committee
League against militarism and aggression. Lloyd George was a member.
What did Irish trade unionists do when they heard of the Mafeking's capture?
Laughed and waved their papers.
What was the TUC's attitude to the war?
Neutral. Britons first, socialists second. Didn't want to rock the boat when forming the labour representation committee. War not even mentioned at their first meeting in 1900.
What 2 trade unions were against the war?
ILD and SDF
What were the concentration camps originally made for and when were they made?
1) to hold and protect 'hand up peters' (boer surrenders.)
2) summer 1900
What were the number of camps and prisoners in March compared in 6 months later in September?
27 camps, 35,000 prisoners in March.
34 camps, 110,000 prisoners in September.
How many boers died from typhoid and other diseases?
Who else was sent to concentration camps after the introduction of guerrilla warfare?
POWs but they had nicer camps than those of civilians.
POWs families, inmates of farms burnt down for helping boers or holding weapons.
What was the effect of concentration camps for the war?
Long term- break boers spirit but also loose support at home and hurt many people.
Short term- help win war but also free soldiers of family responsibility and give greater incentive to fight.
Why was civilian concentration camps so bad?
Incompetence,supply issues and over crowding
Where were the first ever concentration camps?
Cuba, used by the Spanish to hold civilians. British condemn.
Who is Emily Hobhouse and what did she do?
She was secretary of all women's branch of South African conciliatory committee. Well connected to anti war politicians.
She went to South Africa to study camps in jab 1901. Published report in spring. Outrage at gov.
Who is Millicent faucet and what did she do?
Active liberal unionist and women's votes campaigner. Sent to South Africa to lead all women committee sent by gov to report on camps. Confirmed hobhouse's findings. Made recommendations.
How were the camps improved?
Handed to civilian administration
What was the death rate in camps in May 1902?
When and where was Lloyd George's controversial anti war rally take place?
Chamberlains native Birmingham in late 1901
Where and when was Lloyd George's successful anti war rally?
How many agents did the liberals have in London compared to conservatives?
3, conservatives had 30.
How was the liberal party split?
Pro war- LIMPS under Lord Roseberry
Middle ground- Campbell Bannerham
Pro boer- radicals including Lloyd George.
What had divided he liberal party prior to the 1895 election?
Irish home rule
What percentage of vote did the conservatives gain in the 1900 khaki election?
51% majority of 134.
What firsts did the election create?
First time since 1856 that a party in power won a second election.
First time since 1832 that liberals didn't have a majority in Scotland.
How many seats did the liberals gain?
184. Conservatives got over 402
What was turn out for 1900 election?
What was the conservative strategy?
Use the boer war. Chamberlain every set lost is gained for the boers. Churchill every seat lost was 2 smacks in the face for our country'
What was the liberal strategy?
Attack Chamberlain as a war profiteer.
How many unionists were un opposed by liberal party?
When did the government think the war had ended?