bones Flashcards Preview

EQM 101 > bones > Flashcards

Flashcards in bones Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

bones

changing structures, constantly growing, shrinking and adapting, act as levers,store minerals and contribute to blood cell formation

2

bones

changing structures, constantly growing, shrinking and adapting, act as levers,store minerals and contribute to blood cell formation

3

bone formation

needs 3 parts calcium to 1 part phosphorous

4

chondroclasts

break down cartilage

5

chondroblasts

builds cartilage

6

osteoblasts

builds collagen and bone

7

osteoclasts

demineralizes bone

8

short bones

absorb concussion, have complex joints (carpus, tarsus, fetlock)

9

flat bones

enclose cavities containing vital organs (skull, ribs), provide large areas for attachment of muscles

10

long bones

longer than they are wide, used as levers and aid in support and locomotion

11

irregular bones

bones of the spinal column, protect central nervous system. are complex and irregularly shaped

12

sesamoid bones

small bone embedded in a tendon

13

types of bone marrow

red, white, yellow and gelatinous

14

periosteum

membrane covering bones, protects bones, site of healing if fracture occurs, absent at points of articulation

15

bone formation

needs 3 parts calcium to 1 part phosphorous

16

chondroclasts

break down cartilage

17

chondroblasts

builds cartilage

18

osteoblasts

builds collagen and bone

19

osteoclasts

demineralizes bone

20

short bones

absorb concussion, have complex joints (carpus, tarsus, fetlock)

21

flat bones

enclose cavities containing vital organs (skull, ribs), provide large areas for attachment of muscles

22

membrane bone

certain bones of the skull, formed on the outside of the fibrous tissue membranes covering the brain and skull, no destruction and replacement of cartilage

23

axis joint

where axis connects to atlas ("no" joint)

24

atlas joint

connects skull to atlis ("yes" joint)

25

types of bone marrow

red, white, yellow and gelatinous, types are dependent of age and lifespan of the animal

26

periosteum

membrane covering bones, protects bones, site of healing if fracture occurs, absent at points of articulation

27

ligaments

bone to bone

28

tendons

bone to muscle

29

red marrow

blood forming marrow, soft, contains vessels and cellular components

30

yellow marrow

common in middle aged horses, fatter and harder, no blood forming function, capable of converting back to red marrow in times of extreme stress